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Photo Information
Copyright: Luciano Gollini (lousat) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6595 W: 89 N: 15659] (65489)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2013-02-21
Categories: Insects
Camera: Sony Cybershot DSC HX1
Exposure: f/5.0, 1/800 seconds
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2014-01-23 14:43
Viewed: 3795
Points: 48
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Pieridae
Genus: Belenois
Species: B. aurota

The Pioneer White or African Caper White (Belenois aurota) is a small to medium-sized butterfly of the Family Pieridae, that is, the Yellows and Whites, which is found in South Asia and Africa. In Africa, it is also known as the Brown-veined White, and is well known during summer and autumn when large numbers migrate north-east over the interior.

Dry-season form:
Similar to wet-season form but on the upperside the black markings are narrower, the white markings on the black apical area of fore wing broader and longer, and on the hind wing the narrow inner margining to the black on the termen very narrow, somewhat obsolescent; therefore, the white subterminal spots have the appearance of opening inwards. Underside: ground-colour almost pure white; on the hind wing slightly tinged with yellow. Antennae, head, thorax, and abdomen as in the wet-season form.
Wing expanse of 44–62 mm.
Differs from the typical form as follows: Male upperside, fore wing: deep black on apical area, the enclosed white elongate spots more or less obsolete. Hind wing: the black terminal border much broader and of a deeper black, the enclosed white spots, except the spot in interspace 6, very much smaller, somewhat obsolescent, sometimes absent in interspace 4. Underside: similar to the upperside, the markings of a very intense black and broader, the enclosed spots in the apical area of fore wing, the white of the cell and the area along the upper half of the wing generally overlaid with rich chrome-yellow. Hind wing: ground-colour a deep rich chrome-yellow, the spots on it enclosed in the black along terminal margin subhastate, the spot in interspace 4 absent.
Female Similar to the male on both upper and under sides, but in most specimens, on the upperside, the spots of the white ground-colour that are enclosed in the black apical area of the fore wing and the spots on the black border along the terminal margin of the hind wing are entirely absent.
Sri Lanka, the Himalayas from Kashmir to Sikkim at elevations below 6000 feet, and through the plains to Southern India. In the Nilgiris observed up to 8000 feet (Hampson). To the west it spreads through Persia and Arabia to East Africa.The species occurs over the greater part of sub-Saharan Africa.
It does not seem to occur in Assam or Burma, but I possess a specimen of the dry-season form taken by Mr. G. Kogers, Deputy Conservator of Forests, in April 1903, in the Ganges harbour, Great Nicobar Island.

Life cycle :
Food plants of the larvae include Capparis zeylanica.In Africa, the host plants are almost exclusively from the family Capparaceae and in particular the genera Boscia, Maerua and Capparis. Eggs are laid in batches of 20 or so, while the newly hatched larvae are gregarious.

Synonyms :
Papilio aurota Fabricius, 1793
Anaphaeis aurota
Papilio mesentina Cramer, 1780
Papilio augusta Olivier, 1807
Pinacopteryx syrinx Wallengren, 1860
Pieris lordaca Walker, 1870
Belenois auriginea Butler, 1886
Pieris mesentina ab. iris Gauckler, 1912
Pieris mesentina ab. sulphurea Gauckler, 1912
Pieris mesentina f. pusillima Strand, 1915
Pieris mesentina ab. punctifera Hulstaert, 1924

kinglove, CeltickRanger, maaciejka, Miss_Piggy, Hotelcalifornia, cobra112, Chiza, Hussain58 has marked this note useful
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Critiques [Translate]

照的清晰 很漂亮的蝴蝶
顏色鮮豔華麗 尤其是背光的攝影很新奇
光線明暗分明 花朵也很漂亮 真有意樹的氣息
搭配的真是漂亮極了 我喜歡
構圖美麗 背景深遂

Hello Luciano

Very beautiful light passing trough the wings, very fine POV,
great focus, sharpness, details, and contrast, TFS


Hello Luciano
Gorgeous colour and light. Colour and sharpness is as usually good.
Best wishes,

Hi Luciano,
nice to see such a view during winter.
Excellent comosition as usually. Amazing colours.
Have a nice day,

Hallo Luciano
Absolutely a pleasure to look at, enjoy and appreciate your photography once again. The colours are beautiful, the detail captured beautifully and the presentation is tops. A lovely image. Thanks for sharing. Best regards.

Ciao Luciano, grande bellezza esotica, fantastica luce, gran macro con ottimi dettagli e splendida nitidezza, bravo, ciao Silvio

Hello Luciano
Interesting species and beautiful photo. Good composition, nice backlighting and impressive sharpness.

  • Great 
  • foozi Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 2791 W: 0 N: 6696] (25839)
  • [2014-01-23 23:17]

Hello Luciano
real transparent. With the light from the back it gives a pleasant effect and attractive view. The details around the body with lighting around it...the presentation is so marvellous.


Hallo Luciano,
Lovely photograph once again. The colours and detail are beautiful.
Best regards,

Hello Luciano,
Beautiful coloured butterfly.Excellent capture.Details and colour is really outstanding.I like its pose.Well presentation.
Thanks for sharing,
Regards and have a nice time,

  • Great 
  • nagraj Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1618 W: 106 N: 3208] (15166)
  • [2014-01-24 5:51]

Excellent lighting for this beautiful P.White...lovely image with good details too. tfs.

  • Great 
  • PeterZ Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5137 W: 166 N: 13121] (49139)
  • [2014-01-24 6:50]

Hello Luciano,
Wonderful macro of this butterfly in splendid light and colours. Incredible sharply detailed. Taken from the best possible POV.

Gorgeous composition, dear Luciano!
Sunlight through the fragile wings of this aurota Belenois is an exquisite image.
I hope to follow your cashing Africa trip, man!
From Argentina, Hernan Bortondello.

Bella composizione, caro Luciano! La luce del sole attraverso le fragili ali di questo aurota Belenois è un'immagine squisita. Spero di seguire approfittando così, il viaggio attraverso l'Africa, amico mio!
Da Argentina, Hernan Bortondello.

Ciao Luciano
Great capture from Your archives my Friend.Love the light through the wings.Superb effect.Wonderful colours and details.You miss the spider eheheh...
Have a great WE!
Um abraço
José Diogo

hallo Luciano
great sharpness and very nice light
the colours and composition are beautiful to
thanks greeting lou

Giuste dosi di luce su un colore quasi impossibile. Genialiata in terra d'Africa degna di te.


  • Great 
  • Chiza Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 133 W: 0 N: 474] (5351)
  • [2014-01-26 8:33]

Hola Luciano, hermosa foto de esta mariposa, el contaluz muy bien aprovechado y muy buena composición...saludos.

Hello L Golini,

Hope life is good brother. This is an amazing shot indeed!The beautiful light is playing a major part in the overall beauty of this shot. The thistle flower seems to glisten and the light sort of filters through the wings of this lovely butterfly.It is a common butterfly of my region too. Thanks a lot for sharing a super shot. Take care,

warm regards/Abid

  • Great 
  • waylim Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 296 W: 8 N: 489] (1765)
  • [2014-01-26 16:48]

Hi Luciano,

Beautiful butterfly with the soft pastel colors. I love the way the back light seem to have illuminated the wings and light showing through the like paper.

Excellent quality and beautiful composition.


Hello Luciano,
Beautiful light and captured the details of its pattern with beast clarity.

  • Great 
  • iti Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 577 W: 0 N: 650] (7939)
  • [2014-01-31 9:58]

Hi Luciano,
Very nice capture. Amazing colors and good details.
Have a good weekend
Regards Jiri.

  • Great 
  • tuslaw Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 2754 W: 282 N: 4931] (19883)
  • [2014-02-01 13:08]

Hello Luciano,
The backlighting here makes a world of difference, as the wings actually appear to be somewhat illuminated. They also seem to have a soft silky look to them as far as their texture. Nicely composed shot and showing excellent detail and good DOF. A real beauty!!

Ciao Luciano
Non sapevo che questa farfalla
La tua foto è molto buona, con effetto di luce e colori ben restaurati.
Complimenti e grazie

nice capture.
good light and shadow.

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