|[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note|
|This bee was looking for water on fountain when I took this photo. Using my new camera, this really got exciting|
Species: Apis mellifera
Apis mellifera have compound eyes for seeing flowers. Bees are insensitive to the color red, but detect ultraviolet colors. Their antennae are used for detecting the fragrance of the flower. Their legs, used for gathering pollen, have a crop for transporting nectar, and a stinger for defense of the hive.
Bees communicate by means of movement. For example, when bees return to an area where there were many flowers, they will perform a dance on the honeycomb. Movements and vibration frequencies show the bees the direction and distance of the floral area.
Food and Feeding
Food for bees are honey and pollen. Bees collect the nectar from flowers in their crop, which is connected to the gut. The bees' legs are designed to comb pollen from the body. The workers use the collected pollen and add honey to create a mixture called "bee bread", which is the food for bees.
Pollinator decline has been reported on every continent except Antarctica, and while it is argued that the introduction of the Apis mellifera has disrupted native pollination systems through competition, the honeybee, as a pollinator, has not gone unaffected (Ecological Society of America, date unknown). The wild populations, and even some managed populations, of Apis mellifera are on the decline due to the same issues that native insect pollinators face (Ecological Society of America, date unknown). These issues include: habitat loss, the presence and use of pesticides, and the introduction of exotic parasites- all either the direct or indirect result of human activity (Ginsberg, date unknown).
The destruction of natural habitats greatly affects bee communities, leading to a decline in wild Apis mellifera populations. Bees require "large, continuously connected areas of suitable habitat," however, human cultivation and urbanization often fragment these habitats into small islands (Delaplane, date unknown)(Ginsberg, date unknown). The relative small area enclosed within these islands, in comparison to the increased area of exposure to the surrounding environment, increases the chance of inbreeding and the invasion by competitors, parasites, and predators (Delaplane, date unknown)(Ginsberg, date unknown). At the same time small habitats decrease Apis mellifera’s dispersal ability and the number of nesting areas and food resources available (Delaplane, date unknown) (Ecological Society of America, date unknown).
Information thanks to http://www.earlham.edu/~harrico/apismellifera.htm
Luc, ellis49 has marked this note useful
Only registered TrekNature members may rate photo notes.