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Tawny Coster

Tawny Coster
Photo Information
Copyright: manaswi jain (manaswi27) Silver Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 24 W: 0 N: 77] (753)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2010-10-24
Categories: Insects
Camera: FujiFilm FinePix S9600
Exposure: f/4.5, 1/340 seconds
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2010-11-01 4:38
Viewed: 3259
Points: 30
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Thanks for help for ID To Gert Paassen , GoldyRS and Sumon Sinha

Acraea terpsicore
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Nymphalidae
Subfamily: Heliconiinae
Tribe: Acraeini
Genus: Acraea
Species: A. terpsicore
Binomial name
Acraea terpsicore
(Linnaeus, 1758)

Acraea violae (Fabricius, 1793)

The Tawny Coster (Acraea terpsicore) is a small leathery winged butterfly which is common in grassland and scrub habitats. It belongs to the Nymphalidae or brush-footed butterfly family. It has a weak fluttery flight. It is avoided by most insect predators. This species and the Yellow Coster Acraea issoria are the only two Indian representatives of the predominantly African tribe Acraeini.


Upperside tawny. Fore wing: a transverse black spot in cell, and another irregular, oblique and broader at the disco-cellulars ; a discal series of spots in interspaces 1, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 10, and the apex and termen black. The upper four spots of the discal series inclined obliquely outwards, the lower two obliquely inwards ; the black edging to apex and termen narrowing posteriorly, but with slender linear-projections inwards in the interspaces. Hind wing: a basal series of four or five black spots with a similar spot beyond in middle of cell and a subcostal black spot above it, followed by a discal series of obscure blackish spots and a minute postdiscal black dot in interspaces 4 and 6 respectively ; finally, a broad black terminal band medially traversed by a series of small spots of the ground-colour. Most of the macular black markings are obscure, being only the spots on the underside seen by the transparency of the wing-membrane ; the inner edge of the black terminal band crenulate.

Underside: ground-colour ochraceous yellow or a paler tawny yellow. Fore wing paling to whitish on the apex, with the black markings as on the upper side but somewhat blurred and diffuse. Hind wing: the black spots and black terminal band as on the upperside, but the spots more clearly defined, none obscure; the series of spots traversing the black terminal margin very much larger and white- not tawny ; the base of the wing black, separated from the basal transverse series of black spots by two or three large whitish spots. Antennae black, head and thorax black spotted with ochraceous and white ; Abdomen anteriorly black, posteriorly ochraceous yellow with narrow transverse black lines; beneath, the palpi, thorax and abdomen ochraceous, the thorax spotted with ochraceous, the abdomen with a longitudinal line of black at base.


Similar to that of the male. Upperside: ground-colour duller; the black spots on fore and hind wings larger, the upper discal spots often coalescing and forming an irregular oblique short band; the black edging to apex and termen on the fore wing and the black terminal band on the hind wing proportionately broader, the spots traversing the latter larger and whitish.

Underside: ground-colour much paler and duller, markings as on the upperside and, as in the male, the spots on the hind wing better defined than on the upperside, Antennae, bead, thorax and abdomen as in the male.

Wing expanse of 53-64 mm.


The butterfly is found in India and Sri Lanka. It is common all the year round and is equally at home in forest clearings and open country. Though mainly seen at low elevations it has been recorded at heights of up to 7,000 feet (2,100 m) in south India and sometimes in the North.


This is a butterfly of the hills as well as the plains. It is plentiful in the pre-monsoon and monsoon period and becomes scarce later on.


The butterfly exudes an oily and smelly yellow liquid when handled and is unpalatable to birds and most insects. They are well protected and have a slow and weak flight, frequently visiting flowers and are easily netted. There are no mimics in India.

Life cycle

The butterfly breeds on plants of the family Loganiaceae and species of Passiflora many of which contain toxins that are sequestered by the caterpillars

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Dis. Ac., ramthakur, boreocypriensis, siggi, Noisette has marked this note useful
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Critiques [Translate]

Lovely capture with moderate colors, Manaswi! Good dept of field and clarity!
TFS and have a good day my friend!
George Veltchev

Hello Manaswi,
Excellent composition and sharp details. Thank you for sharing. Best Regards,

Ciao Manaswi! The best POV to exalt contrast and details. Wonderful natural colours. very well done and TFS.


Hello Manaswi,

hey the second time I see this pic.
Good pov and sharpness with nice blurred bg.
Fine colours.


This shot epitomizes the growth as a nature photographer you have registered in your recent work, Manaswi.
A remarkably sharp, crisp and well-composed shot of a Tawny Coster. The DOF is excellent.
Keep it up!
Well done and TFS.

Namastey Manaswi,

Very sharp and clear macro of this beautiful b-fly. The blurr green background provides nice contrast. Great POV too.
TFS and have a nice day!


Ciao Manaswi, splendid butterfly with fantastic colors, fine details and excellent sharpness, very well done my friend, ciao Silvio

hello Manaswi
great pose with good sharpness and great details
the colours are beautiful
greeting lou

  • Great 
  • PeterZ Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5137 W: 166 N: 13121] (49139)
  • [2010-11-01 9:50]

Hello Manaswi,
Very nice photo of this butterfly in good sharpness, details and natural colurs. Pleasing blurred BG, DOF and composition.

  • Great 
  • siggi Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3097 W: 109 N: 12399] (52850)
  • [2010-11-01 11:31]

Hello Manaswi,
A wonderful shot of this Tawny Coster in a very lovely pose. The colors, textures and details are outstanding. The background is just perfect to show off this butterfly so well.Best regards Siggi

  • Great 
  • lousat Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6595 W: 89 N: 15659] (65489)
  • [2010-11-01 15:49]

Hi Manaswni,this is a great gift to a butterflies fans like me,what a nice and new specie and what a top quality pic,great sharpness,colors and wings position,Thanks for share,have a nice day,Luciano.

Beautiful macro shot! Sharp with great colours and detail, well done!

  • Great 
  • foozi Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 2791 W: 0 N: 6696] (25839)
  • [2010-11-02 3:28]

Hello Manaswi,
such an excellent capture. Your top view shot is really wonderful with wings well spread and the colours are very effectively composed.


Hello Manaswi,
interesting specie
well presented with good detail and note too

thanks sERGIO

hello Manaswi
this shot is so superb !! the butterfly itself is a beauty and you captured it from a great POV and the wings wide open, sharpness is excellent, each detail is well seen, TFS

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