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Peacock Pansy (Junonia almana)

Peacock Pansy  (Junonia almana)
Photo Information
Copyright: vijeesh babu (vijeeshbabu) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 56 W: 0 N: 122] (661)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2011-07-26
Categories: Insects
Camera: sony DSC W110
Exposure: f/5.0, 1/160 seconds
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Final Version, Original Version
Date Submitted: 2011-07-27 2:47
Viewed: 3455
Points: 60
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Peacock Pansy Junonia almana

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Nymphalidae
Genus: Junonia
Species: J. almana

The Peacock Pansy, Junonia almana, is a species of nymphalid butterfly found in South Asia. It exists in two distinct adult forms, which differ chiefly in the patterns on the underside of the wings; the dry-season form has few markings, while the wet-season form has additional eyespots and lines.

Dry-season form

"Upperside rich orange-yellow. Fore wing with a pale dusky and a much darker short transverse bar with lateral jet-black marginal lines across cell, another somewhat similar bar defining the discocellulars ; costal margin, an inner and an outer subterminal line, and a terminal line dusky black; a large minutely white-centred ocellus with an inner slender and outer black ring on disc in interspace 2; two similar but smaller geminate subapical ocelli with an obscure pale spot above them and a short oblique bar connecting them to the black on the costa. Hind wing: a small minutely white-centred and very slenderly black-ringed discal ocellus in interspace 2, with a very much larger pale yellow and black-ringed ocellus above it spreading over interspaces 4, 5 and 6, the centre of this ocellus inwardly brownish orange, outwardly bluish black, with two minute white spots in vertical order between the two colours ; finally postdiscal subterminal and terminal black sinuous lines.

"Underside ochraceous brown, very variable. In most specimens the ceil of the fore wing is crossed by three dark sinuous bands, the outermost along the discocellulars ; these are very faint in some ; both fore and hind wings crossed by a basal and a discal pale sinuous line, the latter margined outwardly by a dark shade, which is traversed by an obscure somewhat obsolescent row of dark spots, and outwardly bounded by a subterminal sinuous line, the dark shade in many cases spreading on the fore wing to the terminal edge of the wing ; on the hind wing the subterminal line meets the discal in an acute angle at the tornus. Antennae dark brown; head, thorax and abdomen more or less orange-brown ; paler beneath."

Wet-season form

"Upperside similar, the black markings deeper in colour and heavier, the subterminal and terminal lines more clearly defined.
"Underside pale ochraceous. Fore wing: cell crossed by live short sinuous dark brown lines, a similar lino on the discocellulars and another beyond it, both bent inwards at an angle and continued to the dorsum, the space between them forming a discal broad fascia, which pales to whitish posteriorly ; the postdiscal ocelli, subterminal and terminal lines as on the upperside but paler. Hind wing: a slender transverse subbasal dark line, a discal whitish straight fascia in continuation of the one on the fore wing; the postdiscal ocelli, the subterminal and terminal lines much as on the upperside but paler; the anterior ocellus with a double iris and centre. Antennae dark brown; head, thorax and abdomen slightly darker than in the dry-season form."


J. almana is found in India and South East Asia, and eastwards to China and Japan.


The caterpillars of Junonia almana feed on a variety of plants, including Hygrophila auriculata, Phyla nodiflora and species in the genera Acanthus, Barleria and Gloxinia.
"Cylindrical. Head blackish, slightly hairy. Body pale ochreous-brown, with a dorsal, subdorsal and lateral blackish line, and a row of small-ringed spots below the latter; second segment anteriorly with a transverse reddish stripe; second, third and fourth segments posteriorly with a transverse blackish stripe; second to last segment armed with a dorsal, subdorsal, and two lateral rows of short, fine-branched spines." (Frederic Moore quoted by C. T. Bingham)


"Rather short and thick ; head and thorax broad, headpiece pointed beneath ; thorax and abdomen dorsally with short tubercular points ; colour brownish-ochraceous." (Frederic Moore quoted by C. T. Bingham)

siggi, cobra112, PaulLees, Miss_Piggy, meyerd, aruntp, mikou, Argus, maaciejka, maurydv, Adanac, Pitoncle, Hormon_Manyer has marked this note useful
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Critiques [Translate]

  • Great 
  • siggi Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3097 W: 109 N: 12399] (52850)
  • [2011-07-27 3:26]

Hello Vijeesh.
Nice colorful image with contrasting oranges and greens.Sharp and well presented shot of the Peacock Pansy.Best regards Siggi

Ciao Vijeesh. Impresive contrast wonderful colours and razor details. Best compliments. What handsome butterfly!


Hello Vijeesh
Impressive photo! Beautiful butterfly. Excellent composition and very good sharpness. The colours are fantastic.

amazing orange buterfly, TFS Ori

Hi Vijeesh,

Excellent exhibit here today my friend, fabulous detailed sharpness with good clarity, awesome colour saturation, great work here Vejeesh and well done,
Best regards,


A real treat to see this wonderful butterfly. Excellent point of view and composition. Nice background. regards yiannis

Ciao Vijeesh, great macro of beautiful Jiniona almana, fine details, fantastic bright colors and splendid sharpness, very well done, my friend, ciao Silvio

Hallo Vijeesh
The contrasting colours here in this macro is beautiful and very eye-catching. The patterns and markings on the Peacock Pansy's wings stands out so well against the green backdrop. The details are sharp, the composition is great and the close point of view pleasant. Thanks for sharing a pretty macro. Best regards.

Hi Vijeesh, again,

here you are technically perfect. The sight of this huge butterfly is spectacular, a pleasure to look at. Thanks for this one, Vijeesh.

Best regards

good work. good angle. tfs.

  • Great 
  • mikou Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 869 W: 68 N: 1479] (6093)
  • [2011-07-27 7:56]

Hello Vijeesh.
Very nice macro-shot. Nicely composed of this amazing orange butterfly on dark green background, very impressive color combination. Good sharp details. Well done. Thanks for sharing.
Best regards

Hello Vijeesh!
Beautiful pic! Very simple but very convincing! I love the contrast between the yellow butterfly and the green leaves.Good job, my friend! Bravo and TFS!
Regards from,
PS: thanks for visiting my gallery! I appreciated it!

  • Great 
  • Argus Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5038 W: 260 N: 15594] (50626)
  • [2011-07-27 8:05]

Hello Vijeesh,
A very nice capture of the Peacock Pansy. The POV, sharpness, saturated colours and contrast with the natural green BG contribute to a fine image.
Thanks and best regards,

Hi Vijeesh,
great point of view. Nice natural and vivid colours. Very good composition. And of course beautiful butterfly.
Thanks for sharing,

Hallo Vijeesh,
a very beautiful macro shot, very good sharpness and marvellous colours, excellent point of view and composition
Best regards

  • Great 
  • lousat Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6595 W: 89 N: 15659] (65489)
  • [2011-07-27 11:58]

Another beautiful gift to the butterflies fans of TN like me!! What a beauty from your country and what a magnificent wings position for a very excellent result.Impressive sharpness and colors and very nice perspective too.Thanks for share,have a nice evening,Luciano

  • Great 
  • foozi Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 2791 W: 0 N: 6696] (25839)
  • [2011-07-28 7:56]

Hello Vijeesh,
such a splendid capture in excellent sharpness. The color contrast is simply stunning - orange on green.
Very artistic top view composition.


  • Great 
  • Adanac Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 1273 W: 1 N: 6188] (21378)
  • [2011-07-29 10:19]

Hello Vijeesh,
What an incredibly beautiful species of butterfly the colours are magnificent. Your camera work has captured it superbly.

Hello Vijeesh,
Very beautiful butterfly and image where the colours captivate the eyes. This beauty looks great with good details and excellent sharpness on his opened wings. Well done!

Bonjour Vijeesh,
Trčs belle lumičre et excellente profondeur de champ permettant d'apprécier la délicatesse des couleurs et la finesse des détails.
A bientôt sur TN pour de nouvelles aventures.

Hi Vijeesh,
I do not know how you do this with this little Sony, but I have to congratulate you! Impressive control of the camera! ... Good job! Nice butterfly! Impressive color level żYou use standard color level or set any type of vivid level?...

  • Great 
  • uleko Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3396 W: 172 N: 3310] (10940)
  • [2011-08-01 11:16]

Hello Vijeesh,
A really fine capture of this Peacock Pansy in a lovely pose with eyes that must look quite ominous to an enemy!! Excellent details and colours and well composed.
TFS and best regards, Ulla

  • Great 
  • manyee Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3089 W: 230 N: 6774] (23770)
  • [2011-08-03 8:57]

What a lovely butterfly, Vijeesh!
The colors are beautiful. You offer a great POV to view the amazing colors and patterns on the wings of this pansy. Even though you were not parallel to your subject at all points, you managed to have excellent sharpness throughout. Great job and TFS. : )

Bellísima especie. Gracias por compartirla con nosotros Vijeesh.
Saludos desde espańa: Josep Ignasi.

Hi Vijeesh,
Fantastic job with superb colors and OK sharpness ! great depth of field. The contrast is incredible, and the whole image is very pleasant to look at. Congrats, a photo to be proud of.
Tfs, best regards, László

Un trčs joli papillon!

  • Great 
  • PeterZ Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5137 W: 166 N: 13121] (49139)
  • [2011-08-16 7:21]

Hello Vijeesh,
Excellent photo of this special butterfly in good sharpness and very beautiful contrasting and clear colours. Nice contrasting BG. Very good choice of composition.

A beautiful shot of this butterfly. Off center would have looked better. Remember the rule of thirds. Have a great day, Bill

hello Vijeesh
great sharpness with good details and beautiful colours
thanks greeting lou

wonderful butterfly, congrats Vijeesh for the picture! very nice colors and good details on the subject, congratulations !

cia, tino

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