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Common Emigrant

Common Emigrant
Photo Information
Copyright: vijeesh babu (vijeeshbabu) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 56 W: 0 N: 122] (661)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2011-08-06
Categories: Insects
Camera: sony DSC W110
Exposure: f/7.1, 1/400 seconds
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2011-09-04 22:53
Viewed: 2543
Points: 24
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Pieridae
Genus: Catopsilia

The Common Emigrant or Lemon Emigrant (Catopsilia pomona) is a medium sized pierid butterfly found in Asia and parts of Australia. The species gets its name from its habit of migration. Some early authors considered them as two distinct species Catopsilia crocale and Catopsilia pomona.

he species has pale and dark morphs in Australia. The form crocale has the antennae black and the form pomona has the antennae pinkish or red. The development of these forms has been linked to photoperiod and temperature during growth.
The following description is from Bingham for Catopsilia crocale: The upperside of the male is chalky-white, sometimes with a more or less broad and clearly defined basal sulphur-yellow area on both fore and hind wings; this sulphur-yellow colour is at times diffused over the whole surface of the wings, though generally it becomes paler towards the terminal margins. For the fore wing, the whole, or sometimes only the apical half, of the costa narrowly black, this color widened out irregularly at the apex; termen widely black at the apex, the colour narrowed posteriorly. This border in some specimens almost reaches the tornus, in others terminates above vein 4; occasionally it is continued posteriorly by a series of block dots at the apices of the veins. Hind wing: generally uniform, unmarked, some specimens bear minute black dots at the apices of the veins.

On the underside the groundcolour is very variable, with white with a slight to strong ochraceous tinge, greenish white or sulphur-yellow. The fore wing is typically without markings, in some specimens with a patch of sulphur-yellow on either side of base of median nervure, in the very yellow examples the tornal area is often widely greenish white, in others (Catopsilia catilla, Cramer) it bears a spot variable in size on the discocellulars. This spot has a pearly centre and an outer reddish line. Many specimens have an irregular angulated narrow discal reddish line (the colour varies in intensity) that runs from the costa obliquely outwards to vein , and then obliquely inwards to vein , though this line is often absent in specimens that bear the discocellular spot; apex and termen sometimes very narrowly reddish. The hind wing is typically uniform, without markings; in var. catilla there is a single small spot at the end of the cell similar to that on the fore wing, sometimes this spot is much larger with a narrow outer reddish ring, sometimes it is accompanied by a similar spot at base of interspace ; when two spots are present they may be entirely separate, or their outer rings may coalesce; again, some specimens have a highly irregular discal reddish line (often reduced to a series of minute spots) that extends from the costa to vein 1; finally, the majority of specimens have a series of minute red terminal dots at the apices of the veins.

On the female upperside the ground-color varies as in the male, but sometimes it is chalky white at the bases of the wings, with the terminal margins more or less broadly sulphur-yellow. Fore wings always with a round, occasionally quadrate, black discocellular spot variable in size; in some specimens the costa is black only towards the apex of the wing, in others broadly black throughout and opposite the apex of cell so widened out as to touch the discocellular spot. In lightly marked specimens in addition to the discocellular spot, there is only an irregular terminal black band dentate inwardly and widest at the apex of the wing; in others there is in addition a more or less diffuse highly curved macular postdiscal band that extends from the costa obliquely outwards down to vein 7, where it often touches the terminal black band, and thence is continued downward and slightly inclined inwards to interspace 1, getting gradually paler and fainter posteriorly. Hind wing: a series of terminal inter-spacial black spots that vary in size, and in the dark forms coalesce into a terminal black band.

The underside varies from white with a light yellowish sometimes ochraeeous tinge to deep chrome-yellow; markings as in the male but still more variable; in var. catilla the spot at the apex of the cell in both fore and hind wings is enlarged into a large reddish blotch, the similar spot on tho hind wing is sometimes so enlarged as to occupy the apex of the cell, the basal two-thirds of interspaces and , and the middle third of interspace ; in some specimens it is continued posteriorly in a series of obscure lunules to interspace 1a. Antennae red, obscurely dotted with black, palpi and head above red, thorax clothed with long yellow, sometimes greenish hairs, abdomen pale yellow; beneath: palpi and thorax pale to dark yellow, abdomen white.

buscape, maurydv, Dis. Ac., maaciejka has marked this note useful
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Critiques [Translate]

Ciao Vijeesh, lovely butterfly on a beautiful flower, excellent sharpness, fine details, splendid light and colors, very well done my friend, ciao Silvio

Hello Vijeesh,
nice capture of this butterfly with beautiful colours and good sharpness. I especially like the lovely pose on the flower.
Best wishes,

hello Vijeesh
a beauty composition with great details and super colours
thanks greeting lou

hi vijeesh, fine details of the butterfly well captured.tfs

Hallo Vijeesh,
a very beautiful macro shot of the Common Emigrant taken from an excellent lateral point of view with fine details and delicate colours, very well composed
Best regards

Hello Vijeesh,

an fantastic macro shot,.
Razor sharpness ans good pov.
Fine colors.


Hi Vijeesh,
nice photo of this I think common butterfly.
Amazing colours and point of view.
Thanks for shairng,

  • Great 
  • PeterZ Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5137 W: 166 N: 13121] (49139)
  • [2011-09-05 11:54]

Hello Vijeesh,
Very nice photo of this butterfly in beautiful colours, nicely contrasting against the dark BG. Good sharpness and details. Great choice of POV and composition.

  • Great 
  • lousat Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6595 W: 89 N: 15659] (65489)
  • [2011-09-05 15:52]

Magnificent close-up on this beauty of your country! Impressive light balance and great details on the wings veins,very very nice composition too.Have a nice day and thanks,Luciano

  • Great 
  • Nilson Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 488 W: 0 N: 566] (4423)
  • [2011-09-07 10:21]

Bela imagem com qualidade muito boa exelente PV e cores muito detalhadas parabéns.

  • Great 
  • foozi Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 2791 W: 0 N: 6696] (25839)
  • [2011-09-21 19:43]

Hello Vijeesh,
an exciting view of this pretty butterfly. The details are well shown and the white wings is well balanced and sharp.
I like the contrast it gives with the flowers.
I like the small lines on its wings. The creation is so wonderfully presented here.


Hi Vijeesh,
It's a pity you aren't on the site anymore, I really love your Indian butterfly photos. No exception for this one either: great composition, beautiful lights, details and sharpness + fantastic color harmony. Quite aesthetic job, which I'd like to congratulate for.
Wherever you are, have a happy festive season, best regards, László

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