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Common Lime

Common Lime
Photo Information
Copyright: Ram Thakur (ramthakur) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 4316 W: 231 N: 14052] (56953)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2011-08-04
Categories: Insects
Camera: Nikon D200, Sigma EX 105mm F2.8 DG Macro, 58mm UV
Exposure: f/4.5, 1/320 seconds
Photo Version: Original Version
Theme(s): Butterflies of India 3 [view contributor(s)]
Date Submitted: 2012-01-28 5:28
Viewed: 2443
Points: 22
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Papilio demoleus, the Common Lime Butterfly, is a common and widespread Swallowtail butterfly. It gets its name from its host plants which are usually citrus species such as the cultivated lime. Unlike most swallowtail butterflies it does not have a prominent tail. The butterfly has also been referred to as the Citrus swallowtail, a name it shares with a morphologically similar species, Papilio demodocus which flies in Africa. The butterfly is a pest and invasive species from the Old World which has spread to the Caribbean and Central America.

Status, Range & Habitat

Papilio demoleus is an aggressive and very common butterfly. It is perhaps the most widely distributed swallowtail in the world. The butterfly can be found in Oman, UAE, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, Iran, western and possibly eastern Afghanistan, and western Pakistan, Sri Lanka, India (including the Andamans), Nepal, Burma, Thailand, the Philippines, Kampuchea, southern China (including Hainan, Guangdong province), Taiwan, Japan (rare strays), Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia (Kalimantan, Sumatra, Sula, Talaud, Flores, Alor and Sumba), Papua New Guinea, Australia (including Lord Howe's island), apparently Hawaii and possibly other Pacific Ocean islands.

Formerly absent from Borneo it is now one of the commonest papilionids in Sabah and Sarawak in Malaysian Borneo, Kalimantan (Indonesian Borneo) and in Brunei.

In recent years the butterfly has spread to Hispaniola island (Dominican Republic) in the Western Hemisphere, and subsequently to Jamaica, and Puerto Rico. The Dominican population originated from Southeast Asia but how the butterfly reached there is not known.

The widespread range of Papilio demoleus indicates the butterfly's tolerance and adaptation to diverse habitats. It is to be found in savannahs, fallow lands, gardens, evergreen and semi-evergreen forests and shows a preference for stream and riverbeds. In India it is mostly found in the plains but can be found on the hills of peninsular India and up to 7000 feet in the Himalayas. It is common in urban gardens and may also be encountered in wooded country. The butterfly is also a very successful invader, its spread appearing to be due to its strong flight, increase in urbanisation and agricultural land use that opens up new areas for dispersal, and greater availability of foodplants.


Jamesp, cobra112, josediogo1958, drchoneydew has marked this note useful
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Critiques [Translate]

  • Great 
  • Jamesp Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 1369 W: 9 N: 6334] (18906)
  • [2012-01-28 5:45]

Hi Ram

Lovely shot - the light and colours here are beautiful and combine with a great natural pose.

Best wishes


Ciao Ram, great macro of fantastic butterfly, excellent sharpness, splendid light and wonderful natural colors, very well done, my friend, have a good week end, ciao Silvio

hi Ram,
nice photograph of this Common Lime Butterfly. this butterfly is my favourite butterfly. i feel extremely excited each time i get to see it. thanks for sharing.

nice sharp picture and good composition.

  • Great 
  • iti Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 577 W: 0 N: 650] (7939)
  • [2012-01-28 8:14]

Hi Ram,
Nice shot,good pose this butterfly on the flowers. Nice colours.
Regards Jiri.

hello Ram
beautiful coloured composition with great sharpness and good details
thanks greeting lou

Ciao Ram. Even if in movement excellent details and sharp with good DOF.


  • Great 
  • siggi Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3097 W: 109 N: 12399] (52850)
  • [2012-01-28 12:55]

Hello Ram.
Very good picture of this great Common Lime Butterfly! The colors are bright and natural and composition works just fine. The photo is good sharp and with great DOF! Best regards Siggi

  • Great 
  • lousat Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6595 W: 89 N: 15659] (65489)
  • [2012-01-28 15:40]

Hi Ram,not the top of quality but i remember this terrible butterfly always in mouvement in my Dominican trip,nice to see a butterfly on TN in this winter full of birds,birds and birds..ehehe...Have a nice Sunday and thanks,Luciano

Hello Ram
Wonderful macro of fantastic butterfly! Beautiful colors and lightning.Thanks for the note.

this is lovely, splendid, artistic, delicate, it almost sings to me and i can hear the wings beat


  • Great 
  • fiyo Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 1053 W: 5 N: 3475] (15161)
  • [2012-01-29 5:47]

Hi Ram
Natural environment is a very nice photo..

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