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(Alcedo atthis) 普通翠鸟
Size: 17 cm
Small; upperparts turquoise-green, under parts pale to mid-orange; throat white; head sides white with rufous ear coverts; bill black; feet tiny, red. Male: Bill all black. Female: Bill mandible base orange. Juvenile: Bill as in female, may have a white tip; upper parts paler and duller; sooty fringing across breast. Flight is direct and low. Common Kingfishers nest on steep riverbanks, or even active termite mounds, digging out a tunnel that ends in a chamber. 4-8, usually 2, white eggs are laid, incubated by both parents in 18-21 days. Both parents raise the young. The chicks fledge in about 23-24 days. Mortality rates can be as high as 50%.
Described as a trill; shrill, high-pitched seep-seep, repeated 2-3 times, usually in flight..
The Common Kingfisher is not at risk in Singapore where they are found near open streams, canals, reservoirs and ponds and along the coasts. They are usually not found in forests or densely forested streams.
Common winter visitor throughout the island and North and South offshore islands.
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