|Copyright: stone wang (kinglove)
|Date Taken: 2013-11-30|
|Exposure: f/5.6, 1/250 seconds|
|More Photo Info: [view]|
|Photo Version: Original Version|
|Date Submitted: 2014-02-19 0:30|
|[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note|
|Moorhen , also known as red crown Water Rooster ( scientific name : Gallinula chloropus), is a medium-sized waders . Almost all black . Mouth yellow-green , on the mouth of the amount of the base to a bright red forehead A round ends . Both sides of the tail coverts white , middle black , swimming under the tail exposed to the upturned tail two white , very obvious. Tibial tarsal joint top with red zone . Moorhen , medium build , black and white, a bright red forehead , mouth short. Young black plume whole body , with white lines made only costal lines, and there are two white under the tail , the tail upturned This white filling . Iris red, dark green mouth , mouth -based red , green legs , while the " quack " sounds , throughout the world, in the south of latitude 32 degrees in winter . Common in lakes , ponds and canals, strong water habitat , often swimming in the water long , turning pick from among the water to find food ephemera plants. Also feeding in open grasslands , on land or in the water kept upturned tail . Poor fly in the water before the run long distances before takeoff .|
Chinese name: Moorhen Chinese alias : Red Crown water fowl
English name : Common Moorhen two laws : Gallinula chloropus
Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata (Phylum Chordata)
Amon : vertebrate subphylum (Vertebrata)
Class: Aves (Aves)
Subclass: Neornithes (Neornithes)
Head: Head jaw today (Neognathae), Gruiformes (Gruiformes)
Section: Crake Branch (Rallidae)
Genus: Moorhen genus (Gallinula)
Species : Common Moorhen Distribution: In addition to Australia and Oceania , almost throughout the world. Winter in northern birds wintering south .
Moorhen - shape characteristics
Moorhen adult birds similar sexes , the female is slightly smaller . Break A bright red , the ends rounded. Head, neck and upper back gray and black , lower back , waist and two wings to the tail coverts coverts dark olive brown. Flight feathers and tail feathers dark brown, the first one outside Xia primaries and wing edges white. Nakedness gray and black , faded back , decorated with white feather end micro : abdominal large white feather end , forming patches of black and white with miscellaneous pieces ; two threatened with wide white stripes ; central tail coverts black , white on both sides . Under wing coverts and axillary feathers dark brown, white feather end . Chicks upper body tan, dark brown feathers . Cephalic , sides of neck brown, chin and throat white, tan chest , the chest and abdomen gray.
Iris red , mouth end yellowish green ; the mouth to the amount of the base plate of deep blood red ; under the mouth of the base yellow. Amount plate ends in an arc shape , only up to the forehead . Foot yellow-green , bare upper tibia with a broad red zone . Tibia bare a portion of the front and sides of the orange-red , dark brown back . Front tarsus yellow-green , slate green back and toe . Claws brown.
Size measurements are: 200 to 340 g body weight in male and female 141 to 400 grams ; body length from 240 to 345 mm in male , female 250 to 325 mm ; mouth peak male 24 to 32 mm ; females 21 to 31 mm ; winged males 143 to 174 mm ; females from 140 to 171 mm ; tailed males 53 to 77 mm , females 61 to 80 mm ; tarsus males 43 to 54 mm , females 36 to 52 mm .
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