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Junonia coenia


Junonia coenia
Photo Information
Copyright: Luciano Gollini (lousat) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6595 W: 89 N: 15659] (65489)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2015-11-25
Categories: Insects
Camera: Sony Cybershot DSC HX200V
Exposure: f/4, 1/640 seconds
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2015-12-04 1:50
Viewed: 1344
Points: 20
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Nymphalidae
Genus: Junonia
Species: J. coenia

The Common Buckeye or simply Buckeye (Junonia coenia) is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae. It is found in southern Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, and Nova Scotia and all parts of the United States except the northwest, and is especially common in the south, the California coast, and throughout Central America and Colombia. The sub-species Junonia coenia bergi is endemic to the island of Bermuda.
Its habitat is open areas with low vegetation and some bare ground. This species and its relatives were placed formerly in the genus Precis.
The bold pattern of eyespots and white bars on the upper wing surface is distinctive in much of its range, though compare related species in the same genus. These are Mangrove Buckeye (Junonia evarete) and Tropical Buckeye (Junonia genoveva), formerly considered one species, and the Smoky Buckeye (Junonia evarete). The eyespots likely serve to startle or distract predators, especially young birds. The species has many flights throughout the year, with mostly northward migrations for the summer. Much of the northern United States is only colonized in the fall from southern populations. Some of the later broods move southwards in the fall. Common Buckeyes exhibit seasonal polyphenism, the summer version of the butterfly has light yellowish ventral wings and is called "linea". The Fall morph has pink ventral wings, and is called the "rosa" morph.
Adults feed on nectar and also take fluids from mud and damp sand. Males perch on bare ground or low plants, occasionally patrolling in search of females, but they are not territorial. The female lays eggs singly on buds or the upper side of leaves. The caterpillars are solitary and feed on the foliage, flowers, and fruits of the host plant. A variety of (typically) herbaceous plants are used, including especially plants in the snapdragon family (Scrophulariaceae). These include snapdragon (Antirrhinum), toadflax (Linaria), and Gerardia. Caterpillars also feed on plants of the plantain family, such as Plantago; and the Acanthus family including ruellia (Ruellia nodiflora). Larvae feed singly. Adults and some larvae overwinter in southern areas. The pupa may not have a resting phase (diapause), as in many other butterflies.
The Common Buckeye was featured on the 2006 United States Postal Service 24-cent postage stamp.

JUNONIA COENIA

Junonia coenia Hübner, [1822] è un lepidottero appartenente alla famiglia Nymphalidae, diffuso in America settentrionale e centrale.
La colorazione di base è marrone, con tonalità che possono andare dal rosso-brunastro fino al grigio carico; la specie si contraddistingue infatti per una rilevante variabilità nella forma e nella colorazione delle macchie delle ali.
Nella pagina superiore dell'ala anteriore è presente , in prossimità del tornus, una vistosa macchia ocellata scura, bordata di marrone, con una lieve campitura azzurra al centro. Si può inoltre notare, anche se non sempre è chiaramente visibile, una seconda macchia ocellata più piccola, sita in posizione subapicale, di colorazione affine alla precedente. La biologia evolutiva attribuisce alla forma di tali macchie la probabile funzione di spaventare o distrarre i predatori, soprattutto gli uccelli giovani, imitando per esempio il capo di un gufo o una civetta.In prossimità del terzo prossimale del margine costale, si possono osservare due piccole bande trasversali arancioni, bordate di nero, mentre un'ampia fascia chiara corre diagonalmente dal terzo distale della costa fino a circa metà del termen.La pagina inferiore riprende grosso modo i motivi di quella superiore, seppure con tonalità lievemente meno vivaci.

ramthakur, Silvio2006, shaukatmi, Hotelcalifornia, CeltickRanger has marked this note useful
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Critiques [Translate]

Nice capture of this late season survivor, Luciano.
Would be fun to see it wholesome, though.
Thanks and regards.
Ram

  • Great 
  • PeterZ Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5137 W: 166 N: 13121] (49139)
  • [2015-12-04 6:30]

Hello Luciano,
Great sharp detailed picture of this butterfly. Splendid light and colours and an attractive diagonal composition.
Have a good weekend,
Peter

Ciao Luciano, favolosa bellezza, anche se ha avuto qualche incontro ravvicinato con un uccello rimane fantastica, per la macro la qualità è al top come al solito, bravissimo, buon week end, ciao Silvio

  • Great 
  • KOMSIS Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 820 W: 0 N: 2419] (10674)
  • [2015-12-04 9:34]

Ciao Luciano,
Nice photo of this beautiful butterfly ..
Lovely capture of this butterfly with a very good focus, sharpness, colors, details, POV and composition.
Best wishes,
Seyfi

Hi, Luciano.
As always excellent sharpness and excellent depth of field for the this beautiful butterfly in its natural surroundings makes it a beautiful composition. The colors are natural and the saturation. Thanks for the excellent note and sharing this photo.

Hallo Luciano
great shot of this butterfly so late in season
lovely colours and good details
thanks gr lou

  • Great 
  • iti Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 577 W: 0 N: 650] (7939)
  • [2015-12-05 9:34]

Hi Luciano,
Next beautiful butterfly,nice colours. Very good composition and details.
A little it spoils the blade of grass.
Regards Jiri.

Hello Luciano,

Well captured this Common Buckeye butterfly. Very well managed light as well as perfect sharpness. I like the way you have isolated this butterfly from BG. Good work and nice to see this species.
Thanks for sharing,
Regards,
Srikumar

  • Great 
  • Cobo Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 236 W: 1 N: 535] (5799)
  • [2015-12-08 3:34]

Very nice picture of the butterfly Luciano! First time to me to see this species. It si similar to European but not the same. Thank you for sharing it from Cuba, great!
Congratulation.
Saludos.

Hello Luciano

Beautiful macro of this butterfly, with excellent light,
fine POV to show its beautiful patterns, excellent focus,
sharpness, details, and contrast, TFS

Asbed

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