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Junonia coenia


Junonia coenia
Photo Information
Copyright: Luciano Gollini (lousat) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6595 W: 89 N: 15659] (65489)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2015-11-25
Categories: Insects
Camera: Sony Cybershot DSC HX200V
Exposure: f/4, 1/2000 seconds
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2016-02-23 5:20
Viewed: 1899
Points: 22
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Nymphalidae
Genus: Junonia
Species: J. coenia

The Common Buckeye or simply Buckeye (Junonia coenia) is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae. It is found in southern Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, and Nova Scotia and all parts of the United States except the northwest, and is especially common in the south, the California coast, and throughout Central America and Colombia. The sub-species Junonia coenia bergi is endemic to the island of Bermuda.
Its habitat is open areas with low vegetation and some bare ground. This species and its relatives were placed formerly in the genus Precis.
The bold pattern of eyespots and white bars on the upper wing surface is distinctive in much of its range, though compare related species in the same genus. These are Mangrove Buckeye (Junonia evarete) and Tropical Buckeye (Junonia genoveva), formerly considered one species, and the Smoky Buckeye (Junonia evarete). The eyespots likely serve to startle or distract predators, especially young birds. The species has many flights throughout the year, with mostly northward migrations for the summer. Much of the northern United States is only colonized in the fall from southern populations. Some of the later broods move southwards in the fall. Common Buckeyes exhibit seasonal polyphenism, the summer version of the butterfly has light yellowish ventral wings and is called "linea". The Fall morph has pink ventral wings, and is called the "rosa" morph.
Adults feed on nectar and also take fluids from mud and damp sand. Males perch on bare ground or low plants, occasionally patrolling in search of females, but they are not territorial. The female lays eggs singly on buds or the upper side of leaves. The caterpillars are solitary and feed on the foliage, flowers, and fruits of the host plant. A variety of (typically) herbaceous plants are used, including especially plants in the snapdragon family (Scrophulariaceae). These include snapdragon (Antirrhinum), toadflax (Linaria), and Gerardia. Caterpillars also feed on plants of the plantain family, such as Plantago; and the Acanthus family including ruellia (Ruellia nodiflora). Larvae feed singly. Adults and some larvae overwinter in southern areas. The pupa may not have a resting phase (diapause), as in many other butterflies.
The Common Buckeye was featured on the 2006 United States Postal Service 24-cent postage stamp.

JUNONIA COENIA

Junonia coenia Hübner, [1822] è un lepidottero appartenente alla famiglia Nymphalidae, diffuso in America settentrionale e centrale.
La colorazione di base è marrone, con tonalità che possono andare dal rosso-brunastro fino al grigio carico; la specie si contraddistingue infatti per una rilevante variabilità nella forma e nella colorazione delle macchie delle ali.
Nella pagina superiore dell'ala anteriore è presente , in prossimità del tornus, una vistosa macchia ocellata scura, bordata di marrone, con una lieve campitura azzurra al centro. Si può inoltre notare, anche se non sempre è chiaramente visibile, una seconda macchia ocellata più piccola, sita in posizione subapicale, di colorazione affine alla precedente. La biologia evolutiva attribuisce alla forma di tali macchie la probabile funzione di spaventare o distrarre i predatori, soprattutto gli uccelli giovani, imitando per esempio il capo di un gufo o una civetta.In prossimità del terzo prossimale del margine costale, si possono osservare due piccole bande trasversali arancioni, bordate di nero, mentre un'ampia fascia chiara corre diagonalmente dal terzo distale della costa fino a circa metà del termen.La pagina inferiore riprende grosso modo i motivi di quella superiore, seppure con tonalità lievemente meno vivaci.

NikosR, Hotelcalifornia, lovenature, iti, CeltickRanger has marked this note useful
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Discussions
ThreadThread Starter Messages Updated
To Silvio2006: ButterfliesPeterZ 1 02-24 10:27
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Critiques [Translate]

hallo Luciano
very nice picture with beautiful colours
good sharpness to
thanks gr lou

  • Great 
  • PeterZ Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5137 W: 166 N: 13121] (49139)
  • [2016-02-23 11:32]

Hello Luciano,
Fine macro of this butterfly in excellent sharpness, DOF and beautiful natural colours. Nice vertical framing.
Regards,
Peter

Ciao Luciano

Very interesting post and very useful info,the image is as usual excellent with very goof DOF and excellent clarity. I like the POV.

Rgds

Nikos

Ciao Luciano, me ne potevi riportare qualcuna da Cuba, gran macro di questa fantastiva farfalla, rassomiglia un po' alla nostra Lasiommata megera, ma in versione extrs lusso, qualità al solito al top, bravissimo, ciao Silvio

Hello Luciano,
I didn't know that this "Common Buckeye" received such prestigious honor in US!
Well captured in difficult situation. Well color and frame. Like the way you framed vertically.
Thanks for sharing,
Best wishes,
Srikumar

Hello Luciano
Another pretty butterfly! Excellent detail and bright colours create a very pretty portrait. It always amazes me on how butterfly can have such different patterns in their wings. Excellent and informative notes.
TFS Janice

  • Great 
  • KOMSIS Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 820 W: 0 N: 2419] (10674)
  • [2016-02-27 7:06]

Ciao Luciano,
Beautiful butterfly ..
Lovely capture of this butterfly with good focus, sharpness and colors.
Have a nice weekend,
Seyfi

Hello Luciano,
Thanks for visiting my gallery...Excellent capture of a nice specie. Perfect focus, details and clarity. It is a high quality image.
Thanks for sharing.
Marius.

  • Great 
  • iti Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 577 W: 0 N: 650] (7939)
  • [2016-02-28 4:26]

Hi Luciano,
Another fantastic macro with nice composition and in amazing colors.
Excellent sharpness.
Regards Jiri.

Hello Luciano

Great macro with wonderful light, fine POV and DOF,
great focus, sharpness, details, and contrast, TFS

Asbed

Hello Luciano,
Outstanding sharpness, impressive DOF and good composition. A pleasure to view. Interesting that you could use such a high shutter speed at quite a wide lens opening and obtain such good DOF at focal length of 12 mm. Well done.
Neels

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