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Photo Information
Copyright: Luciano Gollini (lousat) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6595 W: 89 N: 15659] (65489)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2009-11-30
Categories: Birds
Exposure: f/4.5, 1/640 seconds
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Theme(s): aquatic birds!, CeltickRanger's favorite Bird photos -6- [view contributor(s)]
Date Submitted: 2010-01-13 2:30
Viewed: 6283
Points: 74
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Ruddy Turnstone.

Class: Aves

Order: Charadriiformes

Family: Scolopacidae

Genus: Arenaria

Species: A. interpres

The Ruddy Turnstone (Arenaria interpres) is a small wading bird, one of two species of turnstone in the genus Arenaria. It is now classified in the sandpiper family Scolopacidae but was formerly sometimes placed in the plover family Charadriidae. It is a highly migratory bird, breeding in northern parts of Eurasia and North America and flying south to winter on coastlines almost worldwide. It is the only species of turnstone in much of its range and is often known simply as Turnstone.
It is a fairly small and stocky bird, 22–24 centimetres (8.7–9.4 in) long with a wingspan of 50–57 centimetres (20–22 in) and a weight of 85-150 grams. The dark, wedge-shaped bill is 2–2.5 centimetres (0.79–0.98 in) long and slightly upturned. The legs are fairly short at 3.5 centimetres (1.4 in) and are bright orange.

At all seasons, the plumage is dominated by a harlequin-like pattern of black and white. Breeding birds have reddish-brown upper parts with black markings. The head is mainly white with black streaks on the crown and a black pattern on the face. The breast is mainly black apart from a white patch on the sides. The rest of the underparts are white. In flight it reveals a white wingbar, white patch near the base of the wing and white lower back, rump and tail with dark bands on the uppertail-coverts and near the tip of the tail. The female is slightly duller than the male and has a browner head with more streaking.

Non-breeding adults are duller than breeding birds and have dark grey-brown upperparts with black mottling and a dark head with little white. Juvenile birds have a pale brown head and pale fringes to the upperpart feathers creating a scaly impression.

Birds of the subspecies morinella are smaller with darker upperparts and less streaking on the crown.

The Ruddy Turnstone has a staccato, rattling call and also a chattering alarm-call which is mainly given during the breeding season.
It breeds in northern latitudes, usually no more than a few kilometres from the sea. The subspecies A. i. morinella occurs in northern Alaska and in Arctic Canada as far east as Baffin Island. A. i. interpres breeds in western Alaska, Ellesmere Island, Greenland, Norway, Denmark, Sweden , Finland, Estonia and northern Russia. It formerly bred on the Baltic coast of Germany and has possibly bred in Scotland and the Faroe Islands.

In the Americas, the species winters on coastlines from Washington and Massachusetts southwards to the southern tip of South America although it is scarce in southern parts of Chile and Argentina and is only an unconfirmed vagrant in the Falkland Islands. In Europe it winters in western regions from Iceland, Norway and Denmark southwards. Only small numbers are found on Mediterranean coasts. In Africa it is common all the way down to South Africa with good numbers on many offshore islands. In Asia it is widespread in the south with birds wintering as far north as southern China and Japan (mainly in the Ryukyu Islands). It occurs south to Tasmania and New Zealand and is present on many Pacific islands. Some non-breeding birds remain year round in many parts of the wintering range, with some of those birds still taking on breeding plumage in the spring and summer.
It can survive in a wide range of habitats and climatic conditions from Arctic to tropical. The typical breeding habitat is open tundra with water nearby. Outside the breeding reason, it is found along coasts, particularly on rocky or stony shores. It is often found on man-made structures such as breakwaters and jetties. It may venture onto open grassy areas near the coast. Small numbers sometimes turn up on inland wetlands, especially during the spring and autumn migrations. Birds are often faithful to particular sites, returning there year after year.

Ruddy Turnstones are fairly long-lived birds with a low annual mortality rate. They are able to breed when two years old. Their average lifespan is 9 years with 19 years and 2 months being the longest recorded.

The Ruddy Turnstone has a varied diet including carrion, eggs and plant material but it feeds mainly on invertebrates. Insects are particularly important in the breeding season. At other times it also takes crustaceans, molluscs and worms. It often flips over stones and other objects to get at prey items hiding underneath; this behaviour is the origin of the name "turnstone". It usually forages in flocks.
It is a monogamous bird and pairs may remain together for more than one breeding season. The nest is a shallow scrape, often with a lining of leaves. It is about 11 centimetres across and 3 centimetres deep. It may be built amongst vegetation or on bare stony or rocky ground. Several pairs may nest close together.

A single clutch of two to five eggs is laid with four being most common. The eggs measure about 41 millimetres by 29 and weigh around 17.9 grams. They are smooth, slightly glossy and oval to pear-shaped. They are variable in colour but are commonly pale green-brown with dark brown markings, densest at the larger end. Incubation begins when the first egg is laid and lasts for about 22–24 days. The female is mainly responsible for incubating the eggs but the male may help towards the end.
The young birds are precocial and are able to leave the nest soon after hatching. They are buff above with dark grey markings and are white below. They are able to feed themselves but are protected by the parents, particularly the male. They fledge after 19–21 days.

Il voltapietre (Arenaria interpres, Linnaeus 1758) è un uccello facente parte della famiglia scolopacidae.Il nome deriva per la sua capacità di voltare velocemente le pietre per mangiarne gli insetti annidati sotto.

Jamesp, cirano, Miss_Piggy, anel, sranjan, maurydv, CeltickRanger, goatman04, marianas, nasokoun, horias, Dis. Ac., siggi, nglen, jlinaresp, boreocypriensis, jaycee, Luis52, eng55, Ishi, anemone, Noisette, flashpoint has marked this note useful
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ThreadThread Starter Messages Updated
To anemone: thanks!!!lousat 1 01-14 14:11
To Noisette: ...lousat 1 01-14 14:08
To maurydv: boh..lousat 1 01-13 08:15
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Critiques [Translate]

  • Great 
  • Jamesp Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 1369 W: 9 N: 6334] (18906)
  • [2010-01-13 2:33]

Hi Luciano

An excellent composition - great colours, pose and detail. Well seen and captured.


  • Great 
  • cirano Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 997 W: 0 N: 944] (13609)
  • [2010-01-13 3:14]

Slav Lûcîano,
This is very nice composition from great POV with excellent sharpness and colours.Fine details.TFS.
Best regards,

Hallo Luciano
The Ruddy Turnstone is a beautiful bird with lovely features and you have captured it well, bringing all these details out to its best. I especially refer to the lovely detailed feathers, as the colours are alive and stand out well in the image, particularly of the bird in the front.
I like the natural sunlight and surrounding in which you have captured these two. The light brings out the colours beautifully and adds a twinkle in the eyes of both these little wading birds. It is a great image, captured without pretence and presented in a most favourable manner. Thanks for sharing. Best regards.

  • Great 
  • zetu Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 967 W: 26 N: 3888] (16941)
  • [2010-01-13 3:53]

Hello Luciano
Thanks for sharing these beautiful birds, not too common in my country.

  • Great 
  • anel Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 3053 W: 3 N: 8715] (40574)
  • [2010-01-13 4:56]

Bonjour Luciano,
Encore une image pleine de vie et de lumière. J'aime beaucoup l'attitude de ces deux oiseaux, dont le premier observe certainement le photographe. Très belle image de ces oiseaux d'Amérique centrale au magnifique plumage.
La notice est un peu longue...
Bon après-midi

Hello Luciano,
Great shot with an excellent details, sharpness & POV for the couple, Ruddy Turnstones. Very well done MF. TFS

  • Great 
  • nagraj Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1618 W: 106 N: 3208] (15166)
  • [2010-01-13 5:07]

Beautiful lighting and great colors, fine image. tfs.

Ciao Luciano. Impossibile tenerli a fuoco entrambi. Il primo è strepitoso per nitidezza. Composizione simpatica. Ottima luce.


Ciao Luciano, bella coppia alla guardo te e vedo mio figlio, considerato che con gli uccelli sei un po' come me te la sei cavato mica male, composizione piacevole,, bravo, ciao Silvio

  • Great 
  • PeterZ Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5137 W: 166 N: 13121] (49139)
  • [2010-01-13 6:01]

Hello Luciano,
Excellent photo of these Ruddy Turnstones. Great sharpness, details, POV and composition. Beautiful natural colours. Very nice pose of the bird in front.

Ciao Luciano,
hai deciso di cimentarti su questo campo o hai approfittato solo di un'occasione favorevole come questa, che difficilmente si può presentare in Italia, dal momento che con una focale di solo 70 mm (non so se vale molto di più con il tuo sensore) riesci a fare un primo piano, che io mi devo scordare e che non ho mai fatto con il 300 mm; magnifici colori e ottima nitidezza e splendida composizione per questi giovani Voltapietre domenicani.
Grazie e complimenti
Buona serata
Ciao Maurizio

salut Luciano

je suis content de voir des photos d'oiseaux de toi,
tu devrais en faire plus souvent, c'est une très jolie
photo de ces Tournepierres que tu nous présente,
excellent POV, DOF, superbe focus netteté et détails,
une très belle luminosité, les catch-light à l'oeil
rendent la photo encore plus belle, TFS


Ah Luciano...a very nice capture with beautiful natural colors, sharpness & pose. very nicely taken & presented. TFS & best wishes!


Wonderful pairs of bird!
Very sharp details and lovely colors!

hello Luciano,
Halikokilistis (the one that rolls gravel),I have observed this in Greece, it is passing in spring, useless your travel in America, you can comes Greece (he he), my friend it's a very beautiful scene and fine photo, the colors and the details are very well attributed!
keep photographing! TFS

  • Great 
  • horias Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 837 W: 58 N: 2084] (11033)
  • [2010-01-13 10:45]

Great pairs of wonderful bird!
Details are perfect, colors are lovely!

Hi Luciano,

an good pov on this 2 birds with good pov, details and dof.

Fine colours.


  • Great 
  • joska Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 806 W: 0 N: 4092] (22535)
  • [2010-01-13 11:40]

Excellent portrait of this Birds, very good presentation!

  • Great 
  • siggi Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3097 W: 109 N: 12399] (52850)
  • [2010-01-13 12:02]

Hello Luciano,
An impressive capture of this beautifully birds from nice and unusual POV with excellent neat details and wonderful composition!
Best regards Siggi

hello Luciano
super shot of this 2 beauty,s
great details and very nice sunlight
great sharpness and beautiful colours
greeting lou

  • Great 
  • nglen Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 2883 W: 30 N: 9683] (36145)
  • [2010-01-13 12:28]

Hi Luciano. Firstly thanks for the intersting notes to go with this fine picture of the two Ruddy Turnstone . Which you have taken in a fine pose with good feather detail and natural colours. well taken TFs.

Ciao Lucioano,
In particolare vorrei lasciare più spazio sulla parte superiore l'uccello del fondo. Ma il resto, il quadro è bello, molto buono l'approccio e una luce davvero invidiabile. Eccellente nota allegata, contributo molto buono TN.
Saluti e grazie per la condivisione.

Hi Luciano...
Great couple with excellent details and lights...
Very good picture and well framed...Nice composition..

Ciao amico Luciano,

Stunning capture of this lovely pair from excellent POV with flawless details, great DOF and delightful composition.
Thanks for sharing this impressive shot MF.
Have a nice night!


  • Great 
  • jaycee Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 2454 W: 10 N: 8044] (25460)
  • [2010-01-13 15:13]

Hi Luciano,

This pair of Ruddy Turnstones seem to be checking on the traffic. Lovely poses on the rocks showing off these handsome birds. Wonderful colors and details of the faces and feathers. I like the composition - it is out of the ordinary.


Ciao Caro Luciano, adesso sono sul TrekNature, grazie a te. Bellissime questi uccelli. La nitidezza del'immagino e superbe, come il gestione della luce. Bravo!

  • Great 
  • Luis52 Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 1175 W: 8 N: 4240] (15809)
  • [2010-01-13 17:35]

Hola Luciano.
Una hermosa foto de este elegante par de aves. La iluminacion y nitidez son de alto nivel, y la pose exelente para lograr esta imagen.
Saludos Luciano.

  • Great 
  • eng55 Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1256 W: 42 N: 1976] (5892)
  • [2010-01-13 22:49]

Ciao Luciano,
Excellent capture of this pair.POV,sharpness,clarity,details and composition are wonderful.Have a nice day!
Thanks for posting..

  • Great 
  • Ishi Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 298 W: 21 N: 1943] (13387)
  • [2010-01-13 23:25]

Shalom Luciano,

This is s beautiful "study in brown". The details of the plumage in the beautiful light are very pleasing.

Well done!


Hello my friend,
A great picture with nice background.. very well done..
Best regards

Preciosa composición Luciano, con unas aves muy bien situadas y unos fieles colores. La luz al límite, pero la belleza del resto la disimula jeje.
Un abrazo: Josep Ignasi.

bonjour Luciano
ces deux oiseaux sont très beaux et très bien capturé avec d'excellent details, leur plumage est de la couleurs que les rochers où ils sont posés, la lumière est superbe
passe une bone nuit, mon ami

ciao Luciano
Turnstones present in Turchia, but I have never captured them although I have seen most of Turkish birds. You are lucky to see it and captured double too. focus, POV, composition and eyes contact very nice. thanks for sharing this beauty. best wishes my friend. have a nice weekend

Hi Luciano.

This is an amazing shot. You have captured both of them with such fine details. Beautiful lighting exposing the plumage pretty well.

Thanks for sharing and best regards.

dopo il trio di Lisa,eccomi a commentare questo duo di voltapietre ripresi in ottima luce
e pregevoli dettagli del piumaggio....e bravo Lucianone davvero un bel ritratto ....

ciao sERGIO

  • Great 
  • Aleks Silver Star Critiquer [C: 31 W: 0 N: 14] (14)
  • [2010-09-17 6:11]

Hi Luciano

I see you are in the front page with this photo. You deserve it, fabulous tones and sharpness.



Dear Luciano,
Excellent shot here.. Love the composition and the nice colors.. Superb image quality too.. Very well done..
Best wishes from India..
Warm regards,

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