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Photo Information
Copyright: David White (dkaved) Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 259 W: 17 N: 431] (2114)
Genre: Landscapes
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2006-03-11
Categories: Trees
Camera: Nikon D70S, Nikkor 18-70mm f3.5-4.5G (kit lens)
Exposure: f/11, 1/500 seconds
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Theme(s): Winter Landscapes [view contributor(s)]
Date Submitted: 2006-05-12 13:08
Viewed: 7828
Points: 34
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Finnish Forest Management
The important principles of Finnish forest management are sustainability and closeness to nature.

Sustainable forestry combines three objectives. The ecological tolerance of nature must not be weakened; in other words, the environment may only be altered to the extent that nature is able to recover its former condition after the change. The social and cultural values of forests may not be weakened, either. Thirdly, forestry must be financially profitable to all partners involved.

Forest management that is close to nature means that natural processes are emulated in forestry. Thus, the cyclical processes of nature are altered as little as possible, while still maintaining the financial profitability and social sustainability of forest management.

During the 20th century the management of Finland's commercial forests adopted the system of periodic cover silviculture. This means that silviculture is organised into rotation periods. A rotation period begins when a new forest stand is established and ends after several decades, when most of the trees are harvested before regeneration of new forest stand. During the rotation period, the forest is tended by, for instance, thinnings, which means that small trees and trees with little economic value are removed. This leaves more space for the remaining, more viable trees.

Forest destruction is prohibited by law
The destruction of forests was prohibited in Finland by the very first Forest Act in 1886. Currently this prohibition means that within five years of the rotation period has ended a new forest must be established to replace the one felled. It also is prohibited to start fellings for regeneration until the timber is sufficiently stout. The regulations for nature management must also be observed.

The method of setting up a new forest depends on the type of habitat. In general, seedlings are planted on productive lands, since they are capable of competing for space with grasses. On poor, grassless lands, seeds may be sown. These two methods of establishing a forest are called silviculture. A forest may also be established through natural regeneration. This means that a sufficient number of large trees are retained to provide seeds for a new stand. The retained trees are felled after the seedling stand has been established.

The average annual felling area in Finland is a generous two percent of the forest area. About half of this consists of thinnings while the rest is made for regeneration. Out of all trees growing in Finland, four fifths are the result of natural regeneration.

jmp, Dando, lovenature, jcoowanitwong, coasties, dew77, captainsgirl, pablominto, Robespierre has marked this note useful
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ThreadThread Starter Messages Updated
To Aramok: Thanksdkaved 1 05-12 15:12
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Critiques [Translate]

  • Great 
  • ele Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Silver Note Writer [C: 93 W: 15 N: 15] (382)
  • [2006-05-12 13:12]

wuonderfull is fantastic landscapes are perfect the colours and pov compliment.

Was the view or the cold Breathtaking ?
Very nice capture - I love the way you present both the ice covered trees and the hills in the background that give a good idea of the kind of place you took this image from.
TFS - Shir

  • Great 
  • jmp Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1659 W: 95 N: 2273] (8415)
  • [2006-05-12 13:24]

Hi David,
Good title and better note. I love your country and landscape like this are a good reason.
JosÚ M.
PS. Though I have to buy special clothes :)

I love the foreground and background separation in ths picture. the snow forms in the forground are great, but the snow seems a little blue...



  • Great 
  • osse Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 955 W: 0 N: 89] (7805)
  • [2006-05-12 15:33]

Hi David
Good landscape shot. Good colours, sharpnes DOF, note and POV.
Well done


  • Great 
  • Dando Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor [C: 637 W: 32 N: 792] (3084)
  • [2006-05-12 18:45]

Hi David, truly a breathtaking shot. Great view and the snow on the trees has formed some impressive sculptures. Well compopsed and TFS.

Wow! This is breathtaking. What a beautiful view. Your photo has good exposure and composition.

I've heard when trees are covered in snow like this, they are called Snow Ghosts. Janice

Hi David,
You are giving me a cold feeling :-) It looks like the more north you go the snow seems to be getting blue. I love the snow/ice sculputures in the f/g and the sharpness of the b/g, so an excellent DOF.

Hi David,
I love this ice covered panoramic view of forest. More interesting with your useful note. This is truly outstanding picture. TFS

Hi David

This is a spectacular shot. I like the background as it gives very good perspective. Thanks.

  • Great 
  • valy67 Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1727 W: 59 N: 3060] (9219)
  • [2006-05-13 10:41]

Yes, this picture is really breathtaking... Very nice presentation, with snow-covered trees in the fore ground and landscape in BG. Details and colors are wonderful. Thanks for sharing !

  • Great 
  • dew77 Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 4432 W: 248 N: 4028] (13270)
  • [2006-05-13 15:16]

Hello David!
Excellent landscape.3D effecct,POV,large DOF,framing,details and composition are wonderful.

You picked the perfect title..wow it is breathtaking..from the trees covered with deep snow to that awesome view ...great shot, love the vastness of it..amazing.. TFS

Thanks for your comment on Hello Sun

Hello David,
A beautiful snowy scenery!
Lovely to look at, not so pleasant to live with... hehehehe!
Good foregroud interest giving depth to the scenery, fine texture in the snow...
Well composed Christmas card!
Pablo -

Hi David,
I like this picture very much.
You captured a very fine moment here, a great landscape in perfect winter atmosphere. It breathes an atmosphere like in a fairy -tale.
Regards, Ruud

indeed breathtaking, TFS Ori

Hellow David,
You are quite corrct and the notes to the point, well carried over.An outsatnding landscape image with brilliant depth and good exposure control.

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