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meadow brown


meadow brown
Photo Information
Copyright: Jacqueline Schnepp (Noisette) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 1714 W: 4 N: 2351] (7821)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2015-06-16
Categories: Insects
Exposure: f/5.6, 1/2000 seconds
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2015-09-07 17:56
Viewed: 1860
Points: 30
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Meadow brown
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


The meadow brown (Maniola jurtina) is a butterfly found in the Palearctic ecozone. Its range includes Europe south of 62 N, Russia eastwards to the Urals, Asia Minor, Iraq, Iran, North Africa, and the Canary Islands. The larvae feed on grasses.


Description
There is marked sexual dimorphism in this species. Males are less colorful, with smaller eyespots and much reduced orange areas on the upper forewings. They are also much more active and range far about, while females fly less and often may not away from the area where they grew up.
A variable number of smaller eyespots are usually found on the hindwing undersides. These may number up to 12 per individual butterfly, with up to 6 on each wing, but sometimes none. The factors that govern polymorphism in this trait are not resolved, although a number of theories have been proposed (Stevens 2005). On the other hand, the evolutionary significance of the upperwing eyespots is more obvious: The more active males have a markedly more cryptic upperside pattern, whereas the females have more opportunity to present their eyespots in a sudden display of colors and patterns that presumably startle predators so the butterfly has a better chance of escaping. Some specimens are bi-pupilled.

Food plants
Recorded larval foodplants include rough meadow grass Poa trivialis, smooth meadow grass Poa pratensis, Festuca spp., bents Agrostis spp., and cock's-foot Dactylis glomerata, false brome Brachypodium sylvaticum, downy oat-grass and Helictotrichon pubescens. Less specific records of Poa, Bromus, Festuca, Milium, Brachypodium, Lolium, Avena, Alopecurus, Anthoxanthum.
Adults are nectar- feeding on a wide spectrum of plants including Centaurea , Cirsium, Leontodon, Erica, Rubus, Heracleum, Eupatorium, (sensu lato) Origanum, Senecio, Scabiosa, Succisa, Ligustrum, Filipendula....

Flight time
The meadow brown is univoltine and adults emerge over a long period (spring, summer, autumn). Some individuals have a short larval development time and produce late adults. This is genetically controlled.


Habitat
Because of the vast distribution habitats are hard to define but broadly are forest edge, forest-steppe and meadow steppe habitats up to 2,000 m above sea level, cultivated lands (meadow, forest plantations, parks, orchards).

ramthakur, oldferret, marius-secan, Hotelcalifornia, tuslaw, KOMSIS, CeltickRanger has marked this note useful
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Critiques [Translate]

Hi Jacqueline, that is a nice photo of the brown butterfly with good colour and sharp details.Here where I live we too have these butterflies,however I do not see them very often and as such only have a few photos of them.Thanks for sharing this image with us.

Bob

Superb image with great focus, colours and details on the wide open wings of this pretty butterfly, Jacqueline.
You had good light at your disposal which you used well.
Thanks.
Ram

  • Great 
  • PeterZ Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5137 W: 166 N: 13121] (49139)
  • [2015-09-08 2:34]

Hello Jacqueline,
Very nice presentation of this Meadow Brown in good sharpness, details en DOF. Beautiful contrasting colours against the greenish background.
Regards,
Peter

Hi Jacqueline,

A very nice shot of the meadow brown with full open wings, (I always seem to get them side on). Good focus, dof and natural colours. A nice shot.
Thanks for sharing, regards Bill

Hello Jacqueline,
Excellent capture of a very nice specie wide spread in my country.
The open wings are lovely. Nice colors.
Marius.

Hello Jacqueline,

Beautiful butterfly...well captured. Well POV with nice light. Good sharpness...
Thanks for sharing,
Regards,
Srikumar

  • Great 
  • lousat Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6595 W: 89 N: 15659] (65489)
  • [2015-09-08 9:09]

Salut Jacqueline.L'espece la plus commune chez moi,il y en a centaines et centaines dans mes champs..mais c'est toujours pas facile la capturer si bien avec les ailes ouvertes.Nettete' parfaicte et couleurs tres naturelles.Bonne..nuit et merci,Luciano

hallo Jacqueline
very nice picture with good sharpness and beautiful naturel colours
thanks gr lou

Ciao Jacqueline, great macro of lovely Meadow brown with fantastic open wings, wonderful colors, fine details and splendid sharpness, very well done, my friend, ciao Silvio

  • Great 
  • tuslaw Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 2754 W: 282 N: 4931] (19883)
  • [2015-09-08 18:50]

Hello Jacqueline,
An attractive specimen showing outstanding detail. I really like the way the wings are back lighted, clearly showing every tiny vein. Two tiny and very cute eye spots with a velvet texture to the light chocolate colored wings. The illuminated whitish fringe around the lower edges of it's wings is an added bonus. Great presentation!!
Ron

  • Great 
  • siggi Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3097 W: 109 N: 12399] (52850)
  • [2015-09-09 9:04]

Hello Jacqueline,
Very impressive capture! The butterfly is well presented,very sharp, and well composedpicture.Beautiful colors.Regards Sigi

  • Great 
  • mishe Gold Star Critiquer [C: 110 W: 0 N: 3] (1076)
  • [2015-09-12 8:00]

Bonjour Jacqueline.
Natural colors and sharpness are excellent.
Merci bien for sharing.
With best wishes,Miche.

  • Great 
  • KOMSIS Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 820 W: 0 N: 2419] (10674)
  • [2015-09-12 8:20]

Bonjour Jacqueline,
A nice capture of this beautiful butterfly ..
Good sharp details and a nice composition.
Have a nice weekend,
Seyfi

Hi Jacqueline,
A nice shot in natural setting. Sharp focus and control of bright sunlight is perfect. Thanks. JC

Bonjour Jacqueline

Un joli macro de ce papillon, excellent POV montrant ses patterns
et sa belles tonalités de couleurs, belle lumière douce, joli contraste, TFS

Asbed

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