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Late Yellow-Wort


Late Yellow-Wort
Photo Information
Copyright: philippe hornus (amanengone) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 188 W: 54 N: 412] (2113)
Genre: Plants
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2009-06-15
Categories: Flowers
Camera: Olympus E 30, ZUIKO DIGITAL ED 50 mm 1:2.0, Sandisk Ultra II 8GB
Exposure: f/8, 1/50 seconds
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2009-07-14 10:20
Viewed: 3591
Points: 10
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note [French]
The flower:

Blackstonia acuminata , W.D.J.Koch & Ziz – 1753 (= Chlora serotina, Koch)

English : Late Yellow-Wort
German : Herbstbitterling, Spätblühender Bitterling, Später Bitterling
Spanish : :
Italian : Centauro acuminato
Greek :
French : Blackstonie acuminée, Chlore acuminée, Chlore tardive

Division : Magnoliophyta
Class : Magnoliopsida
Sub-Classe : Asteridae
Order : Gentianales
Family : Gentianaceae
Sub-family : Gentianeae
Tribe :
Genus : Blackstonia
Species : Blackstonia acuminata (= Chlora serotina)

Phyllogenetic classification:

Clade Lamiideae, Order gentianales, Family gentianaceae

Protection status:

Included in the national inventory of natural heritage. Taxon unprotected in France, seems to be on a red list in Switzerland.

Origin and location:

France (Basses-Pyrénées, Charente-Inférieure, Hérault, Gard, Ardèche, Var, Drôme, Isère, Haute Savoie) ; Alsace, Corse ; Europe centrale et méridionale ; Asie mineure.

Ecology:

Sandy places, wet, calcareous, silty or clayey. Plante pioneered the banks of old rivers and gravel pits and, frequently, periodically wet areas (as was the case for the sample).

Description générale:

It is a herbaceous annual or biennial high of thirty to fifty centimeters, sometimes more.

The root is a taproot.

The stem is more or less flexible, slightly woody. It does not have hair. It is green, glaucous.

The leaves are simple, opposite and partially fused at their insertion point on the stem, as shown in the photograph.


The inflorescences are Cymes dichotomous closed, not compact, low-branching. The flowers are carried by relatively elongated peduncles.

The flowers are bright yellow. The calyx consists of six to ten divisions, the sepals often long and narrow may be beyond the corolla. The calyx is persistent. The petals constituting the corolla are coalescent on all or part of their length. The corolla looks like a wheel, with a short tube, globose, six to ten lobes circumvented in the button. It has eight stamens, inserted on the corolla tube, protruding with anthers straight. The stamens are inserted facing to the sepals (and thus between the divisions of the corolla). The ovaries are free, placed at the bottom of the calyx and the corolla. The style is quite short, non persistent, with a bifid stigma. The fruit is a capsule oval.

Pollination is entomophilous or autogamous. Sex is hermaphrodite, protandre. The fruit is a capsule. The spread of seeds is provided by gravity, near the mother plants.

Uses and characteristics

Like most plants of this family, it has fébriguges and tonic properties. The seeds are supposed to contain a neighbor of the poison strychnine

Sources :

1._ Botanique – Encyclopédie de la Pléiade
2._ Guinochet – Notions fondamentales de botanique générale
3._ Bonnier – Grande Flore Illustrée – Tome 4 page 758 – Illustration planche 405, numéro 1911.
4._ Bonnier et De Layens – Flore complète portative de la France, de la Suisse et de la Belgique. Page 253 – Version numérisée : http://bibdigital.rjb.csic.es/spa/Libro.php?Libro=2890

5._ Coste – Flore descriptive et illustrée de la France, de la Corse et des contrées limitrophes - Page 556 , tome 2, taxon 2493. - Version numérisée : http://www.tela-botanica.org/page:flore_de_coste

Internet

Institutions

http://www.scib.gc.ca/pls/itisca/next?v_tsn=29962&taxa=&p_format=&p_ifx=scib&p_lang=fr
http://plants.usda.gov/index.html
http://inpn.mnhn.fr/isb/index.jsp
http://inpn.mnhn.fr/isb/servlet/ISBServlet?action=Espece&typeAction=10&pageReturn=ficheEspeceProtection.jsp&numero_taxon=86084
http://tolweb.org/Gentianales/20724
http://www.iucnredlist.org/

University and Research

http://www.tela-botanica.org/
http://www.tela-botanica.org/eflore/BDNFF/4.02/nn/9873
http://sophy.u-3mrs.fr/sophy.htm
http://sophy.u-3mrs.fr/photohtm/FI216.HTM
http://www.crsf.ch/documents/download/f/blac_acum_f.pdf

Documents

http://garrigue-gourmande.fr/index.php?list=rech&option=com_content&task=view&id=901&quoi=chlora+&filtre=rech&cherche=Cherche
http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blackstonia_perfoliata
http://www.krissnature.net/
http://erick.dronnet.free.fr/belles_fleurs_de_france/blackstonia_perfoliata.htm
http://www.guenther-blaich.de/pflseite.php?par=Blackstonia+acuminata&fm=pflfamla&abs=pflfmgen

The camera:

Camera : Olympus E-30
Objectif : Zuiko macro 50mm
Apperture : f/8
Speed : 1/50
Type : Priority apperture
Measures : Central pondered
Conditions : Sunny weather
Time : 08h49 TU
Sensibility equiv. : ISO – 200

The picture:

Initial size : 4032 x 3024 px
File type : Raw ,orf
Resolution : 314ppp x 314 ppp
Profondeur : 24
Color system : sRGB
Final size : 800 x 600 jpg
Image post processing in Olympus Studio and Corel Photo Paint

horias, jconceicao, Noisette has marked this note useful
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Discussions
ThreadThread Starter Messages Updated
To Pitoncle: Merciamanengone 1 07-29 13:14
To Noisette: Merciamanengone 1 07-16 14:37
To jconceicao: Thank'samanengone 1 07-14 14:36
To horias: Thank'samanengone 1 07-14 13:48
To Belgerdy: Thank'samanengone 1 07-14 13:47
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Critiques [Translate]

  • Great 
  • horias Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 837 W: 58 N: 2084] (11033)
  • [2009-07-14 11:45]
  • [+]

Hi Philippe,
Lovely capture your flowers, great sharp and the colors is beautiful. Congratulation!
Horia

well focussed and well composed shot.

Hello Philippe,

Splendid photo of this beautiful flowers.
Natural colours with great definition.
Good composition.

bonjour Philippe
Magnifique image de ces centaurées jaunes, très belles composition avec des splendides couleurs, j'adore le jaune éclatant sur fonds vert foncé, le tout superbement détaillé et très bonne note
Passe une bonne nuit
Jacqueline

Bonjour Philippe,
Très belle publication avec cette image bien composée dans un cadrage serré, et sous une bonne lumière, permettant d'apprécier la finesse des détails grâce à une très bonne opposition sur l'arrière plan.
A bientôt sur TN pour de nouvelles aventures.
Gérard

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