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Polygonia c-album

Polygonia c-album
Photo Information
Copyright: Luciano Gollini (lousat) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6595 W: 89 N: 15659] (65489)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2017-09-27
Categories: Insects
Camera: Sony Cybershot DSC HX200V
Exposure: f/4, 1/1000 seconds
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2017-10-21 15:15
Viewed: 802
Points: 14
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Nymphalidae
Genus: Polygonia
Species: P. c-album

The Comma (Polygonia c-album) is a species of butterfly, common in the United Kingdom and with a distribution across Europe and temperate Asia to Japan and south to Morocco. Similar species are found in the United States and Canada. It has a white marking on its underwings resembling a comma. The wings have a distinctive ragged edge, apparently a cryptic form as the butterfly resembles a fallen leaf. The caterpillars are also cryptic, resembling a bird dropping.
In the 19th century the British population of comma butterflies crashed, and by 1920 there were only two sightings. The cause for this decline is unknown, and from about 1930 the population recovered and it is now one of the more familiar butterflies in Southern England, and is now resident in Scotland and in North Wales.
The caterpillars will feed up on hops, and they will also eat stinging nettle or elm or currant leaves, and in other parts of its distribution (e.g. in Sweden) also sallow and birch leaves.
The species survives the winter in the adult stage, and adults are of two forms. The form that overwinters before reproducing has dark undersides of the wings, whereas the form that develops directly to sexual maturation has lighter colured wing undersides. Both forms can arise from eggs laid by the same female, depending mainly on the photoperiods experienced by the larvae, but also with an influence of host plants, temperature and sex of individuals.


La vanessa c-bianco deve il suo nome al curioso disegno a forma di c nella pagina inferiore delle ali. E' caratterizzata da un colore fulvo a macchie più scure. Vive in ambienti con fiori ai margini dei boschi e dei giardini

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To Silvio2006: ...lousat 1 10-22 07:07
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Critiques [Translate]

A different view from you this time, Luc. This time the butterfly looks like its ready for takeoff from its landing zone! Interesting note as well.

Ciao Luciano, malridotta come normale in questo periodo, ma gran POV e fantastica luce, dettagli e nitidezza ok, bravissimo, ciao Silvio

Hello Luciano,
Beautiful BG!
Well captured this 'Comma' butterfly. Good details and I like its big eyes. Credit goes to you mainly for capturing it in its world; I mean low ground level POV is perfect here.
Thanks for showing,

Hello Luciano,
Very good details and focus and a interesting POV. This seems to be an old specimen,

Hi Luciano,
Spectacular frontal PoV, probably taken from a ditch. :-) Very sweet lights, you again used the flash with sense, and the golden color tones are fantastic as sharpness itself (fantastic details). Composition's breathtaking, DoF is marvellous - abssolutely the photo of the day for me. Bravo!
Kind regards from Ireland, László

  • Great 
  • tuslaw Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 2754 W: 282 N: 4931] (19883)
  • [2017-10-23 19:23]

Hello Luciano,
Nice shot of this Comma from an unusual low POV. The focus is sharp displaying excellent detail and the overall composition is quite attractive. I like the way the wings are backlighted. Lovely natural color tones.

Bonjour Luciano,

La roche aide au cadrage du papillon. La prise de vue permet de voir les détails du papillon Robert-le-Diable. L'insecte semble regarder le photographe. La lumière fait ressortir les couleurs. Bonne journée.


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