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Buffalo treehopper

Buffalo treehopper
Photo Information
Copyright: Luciano Gollini (lousat) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6554 W: 89 N: 15640] (65419)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2014-08-12
Categories: Insects
Camera: Sony Cybershot DSC HX200V
Exposure: f/4, 1/1250 seconds
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version, Workshop
Theme(s): Treehoppers [view contributor(s)]
Date Submitted: 2014-08-19 3:28
Viewed: 1682
Points: 32
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
See the WS too,dedicate to Ramthakur.

Class: Insecta
Order: Hemiptera
Family: Membracida
Genus: Stictocephala
Species:S. bisonia

The buffalo treehopper (Stictocephala bisonia) is a species of treehopper native to North America. It is also sometimes classified as Ceresa bisonia.
Buffalo treehoppers are a bright green color and have a somewhat triangular shape that helps camouflage them so as to resemble thorns or a twiggy protuberance.It gets its name from the vague resemblance of its profile to that of an American bison.They grow to 6 to 8 millimeters (0.24 to 0.31 in) long and have transparent wings.
S. bisonia mates during the summer months.Males attract females with a song that, unlike similar songs used by cicada and crickets, are outside the sonic range audible to humans.Females lay eggs from July to October using a blade-like ovipositor.Up to a dozen eggs are laid in each slit made by the female.
Nymphs emerge from the eggs the following May or June.The nymphs, which resemble wingless adults, but have a more spiny appearance, descend from the trees where they hatched to feed on grasses, weeds, and other nonwoody plants.
They molt several times in the following month and a half until they have reached adulthood.Then they return to the trees to continue their life cycle.
Both adult and immature buffalo treehoppers feed upon sap using specialized mouthparts suited for this purpose.Black locust, clover, elm, goldenrod, and willow are among their favorite food sources.It is also an occasional pest of fruit trees and is harmful to young orchard trees, especially apple trees.It has become an invasive species in some parts of Europe.


La cicadella bufalo (Stictocephala bisonia Kopp e Yonke, 1977) è un insetto rincote della famiglia Membracidae originario del Nord America. Il nome deriva dalla sua forma che ricorda un bisonte americano, data dal pronoto triangolare con la parte basale espansa verso il capo. Le sue punture di nutrizione possono causare danni alla vite, gravi soprattutto sulle piantine in vivaio.
È stata a lungo indicata con il nome di Ceresa bubalus, membracide diffuso nell'America centrale ma mai giunto in Europa. L'equivoco è stato chiarito a seguito di una revisione sistematica nel 1977.
L'adulto misura 8-10 mm di lunghezza ed è di colore verde – ocraceo. Sul pronoto sono presenti due processi appuntiti sui lati ed una aguzza prominenza carenata centrale volta all'indietro. Le ninfe sono simili agli adulti, di colore verde ma sono sprovviste di ali.
È un insetto di origine nordamericana, ormai diffusa in tutta l'Europa meridionale. In Italia è diffuso specialmente nelle regioni settentrionali.
Stictocephala bisonia sverna come uovo nei tessuti corticali dei rametti della vite e di altre piante arboree ed arbustive (fruttiferi, biancospino, salice, pioppo, frassino, noce). In primavera, verso aprile–maggio, le neanidi si lasciano cadere al suolo e migrano verso le foglie di piante spontanee (in particolare fabacee come medica e trifoglio) dove si nutrono succhiando la linfa floematica e dove compiono molte mute. La maturità viene raggiunta in 6-8 settimane circa; verso il mese di luglio compaiono quindi gli adulti che si spostano sulla vite ed esercitano l'attività trofica sui tralci, sul picciolo delle foglie e sul rachide del grappolo. I maschi attraggono le femmine producendo un suono non udibile dagli esseri umani. Verso la fine dell'estate e fino all'autunno le femmine praticano delle incisioni sulla corteccia della vite o delle altre piante ospiti tramite il robusto ovopositore e depongono 6-12 uova; ogni femmina può deporre da 100 a 200 uova complessivamente. Le incisioni, lunghe 3-4 mm sono generalmente disposte a coppie parallele rispetto all'asse del rametto. La cicadella bufalo compie una sola generazione annua.

anel, Hotelcalifornia, marius-secan, CeltickRanger, cobra112, oscarromulus, kobala has marked this note useful
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ThreadThread Starter Messages Updated
To PeterZ: ...lousat 1 08-19 13:06
To ramthakur: ....lousat 1 08-19 08:42
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Critiques [Translate]

Ciao Luciano,

A difficult image but you done a good work. Clear details are visible. I like to see such small creatures :)


  • Great 
  • anel Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 3053 W: 3 N: 8715] (40574)
  • [2014-08-19 4:25]

Bonjour Luciano,
Ces petites bêtes il faut d'abord les voir..et ensuite il ne doivent pas disparaître avant de pouvoir faire la photo. Excellente photo montrant bien leur parfait camouflage dans la végétation. Note intéressante aussi.

Can't make out the features of your subject, my friend.
Wish you had chosen a different perspective.

  • Great 
  • hsn6a Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 160 W: 0 N: 435] (8640)
  • [2014-08-19 8:15]

Hello Luciano,
interesing bug,great capture species,thanks..

hallo Luciano
super good sharpness and great details to see
i like this picture
the light and colours are beautiful
thanks greeting lou

Hi Luciano. Very good focus and glossy subject. I like how you left lots of black space above it for effect. Your flash did wonders for this. TFS Trevor

Ciao Luciano,Very interesting image of this Buffalo Treehopper, what intrigues me most is the camouflage attributes of this tiny insect, you have done remarkably well to capture this little guy, again you are showing off your photographic skills here my good friend, well done,

I do not share the comments or sentiments of the no pointer above...,

Best Regards,


Hello Luciano-In our yard I have seen almost such species and they very tiny and jumped a lot.Don't know exactly what they are.But this Buffalo Treehopper is really an amazing species.Looks like almost Buffalo when it stand straight.Well captured with natural colour and sharpness.Wings are also visible.Thanks for sharing such beautiful composition.Regards-Srikumar

  • Great 
  • PeterZ Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5137 W: 166 N: 13121] (49139)
  • [2014-08-19 11:45]
  • [+]

Hello Luciano,
For me it's not very clear how to look at this Buffalo Treehopper, but I'm not an expert. What I see is sharp detailed macro in beautiful colours and a fine composition.

Hello Luciano,
What a strange looking insect....The green colors are great. Excellent focus as usual. A perfect catch.

  • Great 
  • john1 Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 122 W: 0 N: 439] (3410)
  • [2014-08-19 14:13]

Bonsoir Luciano,

Une variété bien connue en amérique du nord, mais ici en Europe pas évident.
Il est aussi nommé Bison , jolie couleurs et magnifique détails.
Le B/G est superbe et partage bien la composition.
Merci pour le partage.
John vantighem

Hello Luciano

The camouflage of this insect with its environment it is great,
excellent photo with very fine lateral POV, great focus, sharpness, details, TFS


Ciao Luciano, gran belle macro di questa creaturina piccola piccola, dettagli strepitosi e splendida nitidezza, brsvissimo, ciao Silvio

Hi Luciano!
A very nice shot of this interesting looking insect; great use of camera's flash to highlight it. Workshop version is really helpful in knowing this little insect. Pleasant shades of green all around and very good details on its delicate wings. Thanks for sharing,
Best Regards,

Srrano ospite in galleria figlio dell'altrattanto strana estate che sta passando. Super dettaglio bei colori.


In your W/S you have clearly marked the boundaries of this species.
It was clever of you to do so!!!
Most kind regards from Mario in Canada.

Very interesting, good photo and helped me to learn about this insect. I also liked the detailed note. The transparent wings seem to reflecting the light. The reflections in the stem (or branch) could have been reduced which would have given more emphasis on the insect.

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