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White-rumped Shama

White-rumped Shama
Photo Information
Copyright: Peter van Zoest (PeterZ) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5137 W: 166 N: 13121] (49139)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2010-07-29
Categories: Birds
Camera: Nikon D300, AF Nikkor 70-300mm f4-5.6 G, Digital JPEG
Exposure: f/4, 1/60 seconds
Details: (Fill) Flash: Yes
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2010-11-03 8:23
Viewed: 6012
Points: 60
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
The White-rumped Shama (Copsychus malabaricus) is a small passerine bird of the family Muscicapidae. It was formerly classified as a member of the Thrush family, Turdidae, causing it to be commonly known as the White-rumped Shama Thrush or simply Shama Thrush.

They are native to South and Southeast Asia, but have been introduced to Kaua'i, Hawai'i, in early 1931 from Malaysia (by Alexander Isenberger), and to O'ahu in 1940 (by the Hui Manu Society). Their popularity as a cage bird has led to many escaped birds establishing themselves. They have been introduced to Taiwan where they are considered an invasive species, eating native insect species and showing aggression towards native bird species.

In Asia, their habitat is dense undergrowth especially in bamboo forests. In Hawaii, they are common in valley forests or on the ridges of the southern Ko'olaus, and tend to nest in undergrowth or low trees of lowland broadleaf forests.
The nominate race is found in the Western Ghats and parts of southern India while leggei is found in Sri Lanka. Race indicus is found in the northern parts of India. Race albiventris is found in the Andaman Islands, interpositus from southwester China to Myanmar, Thailand and the Mergui Archipelago. Southern China has race minor while mallopercnus is found in the Malay peninsula. Race tricolor is found in the Sumatra, Java, Banka, Belitung and Karimata islands. Race mirabilis from the Sunda Strait, melanurus from northwestern Sumatra, opisthopelus, javanus, omissus, ochroptilus, abbotti, eumesus, suavis (Borneo), nigricauda, stricklandii and barbouri are the other island forms. The last two are sometimes regarded as a separate species, the White-crowned Shama (C. stricklandii).

Physical Characteristics
They typically weigh between 1 and 1.2 ounces and are around 9 to 11 inches in length. Males are glossy black with a chestnut belly and white feathers on the rump and outer tail. Females are more grayish-brown, and are typically shorter than males. Both sexes have a black bill and pink feet. Juveniles have a more grayish or brownish coloration, similar to that of the females, with a blotchy or spotted chest.

The White-rumped Shama is shy and somewhat crepuscular but very territorial. The territories include a male and female during the breeding season with the males defending the territory averaging 0.09 ha in size, but each sex may have different territories when they are not breeding.

The voice of this species is rich and melodious which made them popular as cage birds in South Asia with the tradition continuing in parts of Southeast Asia. It is loud and clear, with a variety of phrases, and often mimics other birds. They also make a 'Tck' call in alarm or when foraging. One of the first recordings of a bird song that was ever made was of this species. This recording was made in 1889 from a captive individual using an Edison wax cylinder by Ludwig Koch in Germany.

They feed on insects in the wild but in captivity feed on boiled and dried legumes with egg yolk and raw meat.

In South Asia, they breed from January to September but mainly in April to June laying a clutch of four or five eggs in a nest placed in the hollow of tree. During courtship, males pursue the female, alight above the female, give a shrill call, and then flick and fan out their tail feathers. It is followed by a rising and falling flight pattern by both sexes. It the male is unsuccessful, the female will threaten the male, gesturing with the mouth open.

The nest is built by the female alone while the male stands guard. The nests are mainly made of roots, leaves, ferns, and stems, and incubation lasts between 12 and 15 days and the nestling period averaged 12.4 days. Both adults feed the young although only the female incubates and broods. The eggs are white to light aqua, with variable shades of brown blotching, and are approximately 0.7 by 0.9 inches.

Source: Wikipedia

siggi, joska, jhm, Dis. Ac., marius-secan, mkurtel, fransswanepoel, jusninasirun, paolo49, nagraj, anemone, Pitoncle, cirano, anel, paninho, Argus, bartove has marked this note useful
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Critiques [Translate]

  • Great 
  • siggi Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3097 W: 109 N: 12399] (52850)
  • [2010-11-03 8:54]

Hello Peter,
excellent shot of this lovely and funny bird, fine POV and DOF,great sharpness and details of the bird, i love his eye-contact with you,
Best regards Siggi

An awesome capture with briliant clarity, great dept of field and lovely composition Peter! Well done I truly believe that this is one of the most impressive image of the White-rumped Shama. Great flash control, great brightness and everything! Bravo!
George Veltchev

  • Great 
  • jhm Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 893 W: 0 N: 507] (1853)
  • [2010-11-03 10:48]

Hallo Peter,

U was in feite de doorslaggevende aangaande het verwijderen van mijn voorgaande foto, niet goed is niet goed.
Dit is in feite mijn tweede jaar dat ik wat macro's gaan maken bent, vroeger deed ik dit helemaal niet. Ik kom er wel met vallen en opstaan, veel kijken en veel bijleren.
Ik heb geen rancunes en ben zelf blij dat mensen mij willen verbeteren, anders leert men niets.
Uw foto is weer een beauty met deze vogel mooi geplaatst.
Prachtwerk opnieuw, bedankt.


  • Great 
  • joska Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 806 W: 0 N: 4092] (22535)
  • [2010-11-03 10:48]

Hi Peter,
Splendid photo of this very nice colored Bird, TFS!

Hallo Peter,

volgens mij de shamalijster?
Ook een vogel die ik heb gehouden.
Mooie opname met goede scherpte, en pov.
Uitstekende detailering met prachtige natuurlijke kleuren met glans.


Hello Peter,
Fantastic capture with superb details, colours and focus.
Lovely composition with great clarity.

Hello Peter,
Lovely capture with a very good focus, sharpness, colors, details and composition. regards,

Ciao Peter. Wonderful colours and impressive fouces eye. very good light.


  • Great 
  • lousat Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6507 W: 89 N: 15620] (65341)
  • [2010-11-03 12:19]

Hi Peter,how is brilliant this pic and in particular the plums!Very well done,excellent composition and quality of sharpness,beautiful colors too.Thanks for share,have a nice day,Luciano

hallo Peter
super mooie vogel met veel details en super mooie kleuren
goed licht en hij zit leuk op het stokje zo voor je
groetjes lou

  • Great 
  • roges Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 957 W: 0 N: 1329] (6264)
  • [2010-11-03 12:27]

Hallo Peter,
Wat vast te leggen! uitstekende Georganiseerd, mijn complimenten.
Helderheid en kleur grafieken.
Ik heb nog nooit zo'n soort.
Een mooie avond,

Hello Peter,
Lovely shot of this bird with nice composition, fine details, lovely colours and BG. Well done!

  • Great 
  • fiyo Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 1053 W: 5 N: 3475] (15161)
  • [2010-11-03 15:06]

Merhaba Peter,
Renkleriyle çok alımlı bir kuşmuş.
Kuyruğunun uzunluğu özel bir kadrajı gerektirmiş :)
Çok güzel bir fotoğraf olmuş.
Tebrik ederim,saygılarımla..

Now this is really sharp with superb detail and colors. Flash very well used and the pose works well. Good composition. Well done Peter.


Hi Peter,

What a beauty and its flawless presentation here. Really awesome post with great detail, fine pose and composition.
TFS and have a nice day!


Beautiful shot, I like the diagonal line, good sharpness and nice colours and feather detail

Hi Peter. This is such a dream of a shot. Excellent sharpness on the subject and the lenswork is beautiful making it floats on the frame. Great shot. Thanks for sharing and best wishes - Jusni

  • Great 
  • foozi Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 2791 W: 0 N: 6696] (25839)
  • [2010-11-04 1:46]

Hello Peter,
very pretty bird well captured in its elegance. The long tails and it shiny plumage is so well presented. You composed it so lively with the background so soft and smooth.
Very well executed shot of a pretty nature.


Hello Peter,
another beautiful image of bird, details, light and sharpness perfect. A nice picture. Regards, Paolo

  • Great 
  • nagraj Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1618 W: 106 N: 3208] (15166)
  • [2010-11-04 4:19]

Lovely bird famous for its song, well captured with interesting pose. tfs.

Hi Peter. Lovely and excellent shot of this bird.
Thanks for sharing and best regards.

Bonjour Peter,
Très belle publication valorisant bien le sujet dans une très belle attitude et permettant d'apprécier la finesse des détails et la délicatesse des couleurs.
A bientôt sur TN pour de nouvelles aventures.

Ciao Peter, lovely bird with fantastic colors, beautiful blurry BG, fine details and splendid sharpness, very well done my friend, ciao Silvio

Hola Peter

Un pajaro de colores muy bellos, y con esa cola larga preciosa, parece un ave del paraiso. Realmente una imagen muy bella y POV excelente.

Un saludo de Antonio

  • Great 
  • cirano Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 997 W: 0 N: 944] (13609)
  • [2010-11-04 14:55]

Hello Peter,
A very good photo of this very beautiful bird in great colors sharpness and excellent details.TFS.

  • Great 
  • anel Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 3053 W: 3 N: 8715] (40574)
  • [2010-11-05 5:08]

Hello Peter,
It would been spctacular if we had trushes like that around. This Shama is really a most beautiful bird and it must be very interesting to see them fly around. Your picture is well composed, sharpness is excellent and the colors natural.
I wouldn't hold this bird in a cage..
Kind regards

Bonjour Peter!

Très bel oiseau! Cadrage parfait! bon usage du flash qui a bien mis en valeur les plumes! Bravo!


  • Great 
  • Argus Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5038 W: 260 N: 15594] (50626)
  • [2010-11-14 9:23]

Hello Peter,
A fine capture of this Asian species taken from a great POV in a great pose with optimum use of flash to give excellent sharpness, anatural BG and colours. This is one that I missed in Goa.
Good note too.
Thanks and best regards,

his is a great photo. Natural beautiful and amazing colours. Superb sharpness and composition.

your birds collections is simply amazing,

have agood time,

ciao tino

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