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Ipomoea violacea


Ipomoea violacea
Photo Information
Copyright: Luciano Gollini (lousat) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6595 W: 89 N: 15659] (65489)
Genre: Plants
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2011-01-22
Categories: Flowers
Camera: Sony Cybershot DSC HX1
Exposure: f/6.3
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2011-03-03 15:02
Viewed: 4203
Points: 48
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Solanales
Family: Convolvulaceae
Genus: Ipomoea
Species: I. violacea

Ipomoea violacea is a perennial species of Ipomoea (morning glory) that occurs throughout the tropics, growing in coastal regions. It is most commonly called 'Beach Moonflower' or 'Sea Moonflower' as the flowers open at night.The seeds of Ipomoea violacea contain several indole alkaloids with an action similar to—but weaker than—that of LSD, and for this reason have long been used by the natives of Central America for preparing hallucinogenic infusions.
Ipomoea violacea is found in tropical coastal regions of Africa, South and Central Americas, Asia and Polynesia, including the Caribbean, western and southern Mexico, Guatemala, Ghana, Kenya, Seychelles and Tanzania. It grows in the wild at the altitudes up to 100 meters,and is also cultivated in gardens for its seeds.
The flowers of Ipomoea violacea have a trumpet-like shape and various colors, including white, red, purple and blue.The leaves are heart-shaped, with the nearly equal length and width of 8–16 cm. They are attached by a thin, about 10 cm long petiole to a fleshy, hairless stem. Flowers are usually solitary and about 10 cm long. The peduncle is 0.7–7 cm long the pedicels is 1.5–3 cm long. The seed capsule is 2–3 cm long, oval-shaped and is two-celled. It opens up into four valves, releasing four pubescent, elongated, edgy black seeds, about 1 cm long.The seeds have a narrow ridge and 3–6 mm long hair.
The plant requires much light, water and a warm climate. The seeds develop in May and germinate within 6–14 days after sowing; the optimal temperature for germination is 18 °C. The flowering season is from July to October.
The seeds of Ipomoea violacea had been valued as a potent hallucinogen by the Zapotec peoples living in the present-day Oaxaca and Veracruz regions of Mexico. The seeds were called piule by Chinantec and Mazatec people, badoh negro by the Zapotechs and tlililzin by the Aztecs. They were ground and used to make an infusion which had strong hallucinogenic properties. The condition of trance induced by drinking the infusion was used by local shamans to communicate with spirits "for the purpose of divination and diagnosis". The Spanish colonizers of Mexico suppressed this practice, but it was continued in the mountainous regions.
The seeds of Ipomoea violacea contain various ergoline alkaloids, the most active being the amides of D-lysergic acid and D-iso-lysergic acid (ergine and isoergine). These amides are closely related to the lysergic acid diethylamide commonly known as LSD and are about one twentieth the potency of LSD. Other alkaloids present in the seeds include elymoclavine, lysergol, ergometrine and chanoclavine.The alkaloid content varies between the plants; it is typically about 0.05% but can reach 1%. The alkaloids are produced not by the plant itself, but by fungi associated with it, and are transmitted to the plant via its seeds.

IPOMOEA VIOLACEA

L'Ipomea violacea (Ipomoea violacea L.), nota anche come Morning Glory, è una pianta appartenente alla famiglia delle Convolvulaceae, originaria dell'America Latina.
È una pianta a foglie ovali, verdi, e a fiori rotondi (si riconoscono per la tipica forma "a campanella"), di solito blu o porpora. Per questo motivo, è molto diffusa in Europa come pianta ornamentale da appartamento e da giardino.
I semi dell'Ipomea violacea, chiamati tlitliltzin dagli Aztechi, contengono un potente principio attivo dalle proprietà allucinogene, l'ammide dell'acido lisergico (meglio noto come LSA), ragione che ha attribuito alla pianta il nome di "LSD naturale". In effetti il suo principio attivo differisce dall'LSD per appena 2 gruppi etilici, per questo motivo l'LSA può essere facilmente convertito in LSD. Gli effetti allucinogeni dei semi sono intensi e duraturi, anche se più "leggeri" di quelli prodotti dall'LSD.
I danni alla salute sono poco noti, ma sono spesso connessi a stati psicotici. Il dosaggio, pur dipendendo dal contenuto netto di principio attivo (titolazione), si possono ritenere dose psicoattiva l'ingestione di 2-8 semi.
Come per la Salvia divinorum, il peyote, la Rivea corymbosa e l’Argyreia nervosa, l'Ipomea, come riportato già dai primi cronisti spagnoli, è stata originariamente utilizzata nei rituali divinatori e sciamanici dalle popolazioni indigene del Centro e Sud-America. Il suo nome Azteco significa "sacra cosa nera".
Considerata legalmente droga, è stata inserita nella tabella I del TU 309/90 nell'ottobre 2007. Venduta sul mercato clandestino prevalentemente in forma di semi, viene assunta per ingestione.

siggi, manuel75, joska, cirano, maurydv, anel, paolo49, marius-secan, CeltickRanger, maaciejka, pierrefonds, brech, vanda has marked this note useful
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ThreadThread Starter Messages Updated
To anel: ....lousat 1 03-04 14:00
To CeltickRanger: merci...lousat 1 03-04 07:38
To maurydv: .....lousat 1 03-04 02:17
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Critiques [Translate]

Good morning Luciano,
Beauty in simplicity. Lovely colours and excellent exposure on this beautiful flower. Thank you and best wishes for a clicking weekend ahead.
Neels

Another impressive macro Luciano! The composition is excellent, the colours are fantastic and the sharpness is great.
Regards,
Christodoulos

Superb color reproduction and even more, the enlargement and the good use of flash allows us to see an incredible range of colors and fine detail Luciano! Off balanced composition create wonderful artistic impression. I love that simple elegant shot indeed! Bravo!
Regards,
George Veltchev

  • Great 
  • Argus Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5038 W: 260 N: 15594] (50626)
  • [2011-03-03 23:16]

Hello Luciano,
A simple photo but well done, with fine colour nuances on this Ipomoea flower, the use of flash providing a great BG and a shine to the flower in a pleasing composition.
Thanks and kind regards,
Ivan

  • Great 
  • siggi Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3097 W: 109 N: 12399] (52850)
  • [2011-03-03 23:48]

Hello Luciano.
This is a great shot of this lovely flower. The colors are natural, the focus is very good overall. You've captured this one in its prime.Best regards Siggi

Ciao Luciano,
Qui il colore è il grande protagonista e la composizione è veramente bella.
Dettagli e nitidezza "Allucinoggggeni"!!!!
:-)
Grazie per la condivisione
Manuel

  • Great 
  • joska Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 806 W: 0 N: 4092] (22535)
  • [2011-03-04 0:28]

Hi Luciano,
Splendid lights and colors on this photo of this beautiful Flower, TFS!

  • Great 
  • cirano Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 997 W: 0 N: 944] (13609)
  • [2011-03-04 1:26]

Good morning Luciano,
Very nice macro of this flower in great details.Nice colors and fine sharpness.TFS.
Have a nice Friday!..
Dûrzan

Ciao Luciano,
eccellente nitidezza e ottima scelta compositiva, ottima anche l'esposizione con flash, anche se a mio parere paga un'eccessiva brillantezza sia per la luce artificiale che per uno sharp molto spinto, splendida macro
Grazie e complimenti
Buona giornata
Ciao Maurizio

wonderful photo Luciano, I think the light make a great job!
TFS Nasos

  • Great 
  • foozi Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 2791 W: 0 N: 6696] (25839)
  • [2011-03-04 2:54]

Hello Luciano,
exciting full view that attract the yes very much. The shiny petals are so lively and the inner details are amazing. I like the colour contrast and the smoothness of your composition.

Regards,
Foozi

Hello Luciano !
So you like the simples flowers ! I also like flowers; they are quite simple and easy to photograph.The results is always beauty and tender
as you show us in your pic here.Fantastic colors and details.A very artistic pic.Great job!TFS
Have a lovely day!
aNa

  • Great 
  • anel Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 3053 W: 3 N: 8715] (40574)
  • [2011-03-04 4:28]
  • [+]

Bonjour Luciano,
Tu as réussi avec cette image de capter la finesse de la coloration de l'Ipomoea, ce qui n'est pas chose facile. Il semble que tes essais avec une grande vitesse d'obturation et l'usage du flash donnent vraiment de bons résultats. Utiles-tu le flash à 100% ou as-tu réduit son intensité? Magnifiques aussi les reflets sur les pétales.
Bon après-midi
Amitiés
Anne

Ciao Luciano. Favolosa! Riuniti in un unico scatto tutti i requisiti pr una macro d'eccezione. Sharp e dettaglio eccellenti con una resa fantastica dei colori contro l'ormai famoso, e vincente, sfondo che ti contraddistigue.

Roberto

Ciao Luciano, molto bella la realizzazione di questo fiore. Perfetti i dettagli e lo sharpness generale dell'immagine. Ottimo lo sfondo nero che esalta il soggetto principale. Un saluto, Paolo

Ciao Luciano, ti stai dando alla raccolta dei fiorellini e con gran successo, magnifiche le sfumature di colore di questo fiorellino, è incredibile che così bello possa essere anche così dannoso, macro di qualità sopraffina, meglio di così non si può, bravissimo, ciao Silvio

Hello Luciano,
What a lovely capture. Impressive macro with outstanding details and clarity. Excellent contrast and good focus.
Thanks for sharing!
Marius.

salut Luciano

une belle image de Nature Morte, belle lumière du Flash pour
mettre en évidence le sujet et assombrir l'arrière-plan,
excellent focus netteté et détails, TFS

Asbed

hello Luciano
great sharpness and very nice light
the colours are beautiful
thanks greeting lou

Hi Luciano,
Amazing colours. Perfect sharpness. I like your composition. Suitable background.
Thanks for sharing,
have a nice weekend
Maciek

  • Great 
  • PeterZ Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5137 W: 166 N: 13121] (49139)
  • [2011-03-04 12:35]

Hello Luciano,
Another impressive photo of a simple flower in great sharpness, details and natural flash colours. Excellent composition and dark contrasting BG.
Regards,
Peter

Bonsoir Luciano,

La prise de vue permet de voir les détails et les couleurs de la fleur liseron. La fleur est bien cadré. la lumière de l'après-midi fait ressortir les couleurs. Bonne soirée.

Pierre

  • Great 
  • fiyo Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 1053 W: 5 N: 3475] (15161)
  • [2011-03-05 0:13]

Hello Luciano,
Colors, textures and details are wonderful.
BG was a very nice dark color. Congratulations, regards.

la luce , i colori e i dattagli sul fiore sono molto belli pero' lo sfondo scuro svantaggia la foto secondo me,

un saluto, tino

  • Great 
  • vanda Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 338 W: 25 N: 754] (3673)
  • [2011-03-07 7:15]

Ciao Luciano!
Carinissimo questo fiore...assomiglia alla petunia, ma i suoi petali devono essere più delicati e la tua luce li fa sembrare ricoperti di paillettes: bellissimo. Eccellente lo sfondo scuro e la presentazione.
Complimenti.
ciao e buona settimana! Vanda

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