|[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note|
|Conistra rubiginea / Dotted Chestnut / Gevlekte winteruil / Rost-Wintereule oder Waldbuschflur-Wintereule / L'Orrhodie tigrée.|
Dotted Chestnut Conistra rubiginea
([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775)
Wingspan 30-35 mm.
It inhabits woodland and heathland, flying in October and November, after which it hibernates and appears again in early spring.
The eggs are laid in spring. They are deposited in trees and when young the caterpillars do live in trees only. Older larvae however may drop to the ground to complete their development on low growing plants such as Dandelion. Accept when present on Apple trees the larvae are rarely ever seen in the wild. The caterpillar of the Dotted Chestnut is very hairy, unusual for members of this genus. It is blackish brown with a faint black dorsal line and black, cross-shaped markings on the back. The head is always black. It may grow to be 38 to 44mm long.
The Dotted Chestnut is a typical winter moth. It appears in September and October. On warmer winter days it may fly about, even in January. In colder winters it remains in hibernation from November to March. It is attracted to light, but more to sugar. In autumn it is not uncommon in gardens, for it visits the flowers of Ivy. In spring it is seen on catkins. It prefers light forests with lots of undergrow, like forests on heath.
Perigrapha munda / Twin-spotted Quaker / Dubbelstipvoorjaarsuil / Zweifleck-Kätzcheneule / L'Orthosie picotée ou la Proprette.
Perigrapha(Orthosia)munda([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775):
Wingspan 38-44 mm.
A variable species, with forewings ranging from pale buff to reddish-brown. The blackish twin spots are usually obvious, but in some forms, including ab. immaculata, these are reduced to barely discernible rufous marks, or obsolete.
It is widely distributed in woodland habitats in England and Wales, but local in Ireland and Scotland.
Flying in March and April, like several related species, it can be found feeding on sallow blossom at night.
The caterpillars feed in early summer on various trees, including oak (Quercus), aspen (Populus tremulata) and sallow (Salix).
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