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Hill Myna

Hill Myna
Photo Information
Copyright: Peter van Zoest (PeterZ) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5136 W: 166 N: 13121] (49139)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2013-04-08
Categories: Birds
Camera: Nikon D90, AF Nikkor 70-300mm f4-5.6 G
Exposure: f/5.6, 1/320 seconds
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2013-07-02 7:30
Viewed: 3114
Points: 44
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
The Common Hill Myna (Gracula religiosa), sometimes spelled "mynah" and formerly simply known as hill myna, is the myna bird most commonly seen in aviculture, where it is often simply referred to by the latter two names. It is a member of the starling family (Sturnidae), resident in hill regions of South Asia and Southeast Asia.

This is a stocky jet-black myna, with bright orange-yellow patches of naked skin and fleshy wattles on the side of its head and nape. At about 29 cm length, it is somewhat larger than the common myna (Acridotheres tristis).
It is overall green-glossed black plumage, purple-tinged on the head and neck. Its large, white wing patches are obvious in flight, but mostly covered when the bird is sitting. The bill and strong legs are bright yellow, and there are yellow wattles on the nape and under the eye. These differ conspicuously in shape from the naked eye-patch of the common myna and bank myna (A. ginginianus), and more subtly vary between the different hill mynas from South Asia: in the common hill myna, they extend from the eye to the nape, where they join, while the Sri Lanka Hill Myna has a single wattle across the nape and extending a bit towards the eyes. In the Southern Hill Myna, the wattles are separate and curve towards the top of the head. The Nias and Enggano hill mynas differ in details of the facial wattles, and size, particularly that of the bill.

Sexes are similar; juveniles have a duller bill.

The Common Hill Myna is often detected by its loud, shrill, descending whistles followed by other calls. It is most vocal at dawn and dusk, when it is found in small groups in forest clearings high in the canopy.
Both sexes can produce an extraordinarily wide range of loud calls – whistles, wails, screeches, and gurgles, sometimes melodious and often very human-like in quality. Each individual has a repertoire of three to 13 such call types, which may be shared with some near neighbours of the same sex, being learned when young. Dialects change rapidly with distance, such that birds living more than 15 km apart have no call-types in common with one another.

Distribution and ecology
This myna is a resident breeder from Kumaon division in India (80° E longitude) east through Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan and Arunachal Pradesh, the lower Himalayas, terai and foothills up to 2000 m ASL. Its range continues east through Southeast Asia northeastwards to southern China, and via Thailand southeastwards across northern Indonesia to Palawan in the Philippines. It is virtually extinct in Bangladesh due to habitat destruction and overexploitation for the pet trade. A feral population on Christmas Island has likewise disappeared. Introduced populations exist in Puerto Rico, Hawaii and perhaps in the mainland USA and possibly elsewhere; feral birds require at least a warm subtropical climate to persist.

This myna is almost entirely arboreal, moving in large, noisy groups of half a dozen or so, in tree-tops at the edge of the forest. It hops sideways along the branch, unlike the characteristic jaunty walk of other mynas. Like most starlings, the hill myna is fairly omnivorous, eating fruit, nectar and insects.

They build a nest in a hole in a tree. The usual clutch is two or three eggs.

This species is widely distributed and locally common, and if adult stocks are safeguarded, it is able to multiply quickly. On a worldwide scale, the IUCN thus considers the common hill myna a Species of Least Concern.

Source: Parts of Wikipedia.

This photo is taken in bird park Avifauna

CeltickRanger, ramthakur, Hotelcalifornia, maaciejka, Miss_Piggy, anel, pierrefonds, marius-secan, Hormon_Manyer, Alex99, oscarromulus has marked this note useful
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Critiques [Translate]

Hello Petter,
Another impressive capture,taken from a nice PoV,excellent details and a lovely pose.
Best regards,

Hello Peter

You have shot the photo of this Hill Myna at
the best time of its pose with the beak open
certainly singing or launching his cry,
fine POV, beautiful light, great focus,
sharpness, and details, great details of
its dark colored plumage, TFS


hallo Peter
super opname met veel scherpte en goed licht
mooie kleuren en hij staat er goed op
bedankt weer
gr lou

My first view of this species, Peter.
Excellent image of the bird in a calling pose.
Thanks for sharing this prize shot.

Hello Mr.Peter,
Beautiful colorful bird.Nice sharp focus with splendid color.Very good POV.Well captured.Like it.
Thanks for sharing,
Kind regards,

Hello Petter,
照的很清晰 羽毛的顏色紋理都很清楚
照的很棒 謝謝分享

  • Great 
  • siggi Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3097 W: 109 N: 12399] (52850)
  • [2013-07-02 9:59]

Hello Peter,
great shot with perfect sharpness and so many details.Colors are great and the bird even glimmers in nice colors.The background is perfect.
Regards Siggi

  • Great 
  • iti Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 577 W: 0 N: 650] (7939)
  • [2013-07-02 12:11]

Hi Peter,
Pose and compo are just perfect. Nice colours
and sharpness details. Perfect shot.
Regards Jiri.

Ciao Peter, great capture of lovely cbird in nice pose on fantastic lighting BG, splendid sharpness, wonderful colors and fine details, very well done, my friend, ciao Silvio

Hi Peter,
excellent presentation of this bird. Very good low point of view. Nice natural colours. Interesting low point of view.
Have a nice day,

Beautiful photo Peter! Nice pose, very good composition, fantastic colours and very good sharpness.

  • Ishi Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 298 W: 21 N: 1943] (13387)
  • [2013-07-03 0:18]

Gi Pete,

Excellent capture in the middle of the bird's cry. I like the POV and colors, including the blurred background.



Bom dia Peter
I have to visit this park my Friend...
Amazing bird and excellent capture.Great close,wonderful colours and contrasting clean BG.Excellent sharpness.Thank You.
Have a good day!
Best regards

Hallo Peter
Perfect timing to capture this wonderful Common Hill Myna in this fantastic singing pose. I love the the opened beak, the shining eye and the gorgeous black and colours, but most of all the almost white paws. Details and composition are great. Thanks for sharing. Best regards.

  • Great 
  • anel Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 3053 W: 3 N: 8715] (40574)
  • [2013-07-03 5:11]

Hello Peter,
Another bird from your bird-park, a bird we see mostly from our Indian and Asian members. Very vivid shot again, fine sharpness and well chosen decentred composition. Well doen.
Kind regards

Hello Peter,
Woo...What a great moment you have captured.
Excellent composition and timing.Love this Hill Myna and it's color.Excellent work.
Thanks for sharing.


Ciao Peter. Great POV wonderful colours. Good details MF.


Hi Peter,

The branch is framing well the bird. The point of view is showing the détails and colours of the Common Hill Myna. The good luminosity is enhancing the beauty of the colours. Have a nice day.


Hello Peter.
Singing Common Hill Myna.
good PoV.
perfect colour and sharpness.
I like the composition also.
best wishes,

Hello Peter,
Thanks for visiting my gallery....I was very busy in the last days and I have no time for TN....The images you post are superb. This nice photo. Perfect details as usual and excellent focus. Your images with Great Spotted Woodpecker and the Black Stork are superb.
Thanks for sharing!

Hi Peter,
Excellent timing, just when the bird opens his beak. Composition's perfect, PoV is nice, exposure's proper and you managed to mish-mash the background the best way meanwhile details on the plumage are pin sharp. Absolutely superb job. Hats off of you!
Best regards, László

  • Great 
  • Alex99 Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 4072 W: 133 N: 7096] (23735)
  • [2013-07-08 8:54]

Hi Peter.
Lovely bird, superb reproduction of its black feathers as well as other attractive colourful details. However, the second key point of the shot is amazing bokeh. Perfect picture/ TFS and warm greetings.

What a lovely, lovely image!!!
I used to own one.
A GREAT WHISTLER and a sharp imitator of human speech too.
Was away because "georgy porgy" upset me by insulting our friend Ingrid. Have forgiven his shortfall and I suppose Ingrid has too.
After all TREK NATURE was, partially, created for FRIENDS TO LOVE FRIENDS.
This is, indeed, a great site.
Am happy to be back.

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