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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:
Amanita muscaria, commonly known as the fly agaric or fly Amanita is a poisonous and psychoactive basidiomycete fungus, one of many in the genus Amanita. Native throughout the temperate and boreal regions of the Northern Hemisphere, Amanita muscaria has been unintentionally conveyed to many countries in the Southern Hemisphere, generally as a symbiont with pine plantations, and is now a true cosmopolitan species. It associates with various deciduous and coniferous trees. The quintessential toadstool, it is a large imposing white-gilled, white-spotted, usually deep red mushroom, one of the most recognizable and widely encountered in popular culture.
Though generally considered poisonous, Amanita muscaria is otherwise famed for its hallucinogenic properties with its main psychoactive constituent being the compound muscimol. Used as an intoxicant by the Koryaks of the Kamchatka Krai of eastern Siberia, the mushroom has had a religious significance in Siberian culture and possibly also in ancient Scandinavian culture. The American banker and amateur ethnomycologist R. Gordon Wasson proposed the fly agaric was in fact the Soma talked about in the ancient Rig Veda texts of India; although this theory has been refuted by anthropologists, it gained common credence when first published in 1968.
The common name in English is thought to have been derived from its European use as an insecticide, sprinkled in milk. The fly-killing agent is now known to be ibotenic acid. Another compound isolated from the fungus is 1,3-diolein which is an insect attractor. An alternative derivation proposes that the term fly- refers not to insects as such but rather the delirium resulting from consumption of the fungus. This is based on the medieval belief that flies could enter a person's head and cause mental illness.
This photo is taken in north of Portugal - Montalegre
izler, Dis. Ac., LordPotty has marked this note useful
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- [2008-10-30 0:56]
Topraktan henüz yeni günışığına kavuşmuş olan buv mantarı çok güzel sunmuşsun. Üzerindeki taze toprak parçaları ve renkleri ile çok hoş görünüyor.
- [2008-11-01 1:58]
very good sharp and detail
- [2008-11-01 13:56]
good capture of this poisonous fungi
i like colours, sharpness and informative note
Good capture of these Amanita that I have been so many times on TN.
Beautiful colours, pov and good of sharpness.
- [2008-11-02 2:15]
Nice macro , very interesting lighting effect on the little mushroom.
Best regards Siggi
The exposure and focus in this shot are reasonably good,and your notes are informative.
I think it would have been worth doing a bit of 'gardening',clearing a few of the foreground pine needles away.
A less centered composition would give the subject more impact,unless it was cropped tightly on all around,but I usually save shots like that for a perfect symmetrical specimen.
Ciao Jose, an other lovely fungi with splendid colors, good details and great sharpness, very well done, ciao Silvio