|Copyright: Jose Conceicao (jconceicao)
|Date Taken: 2008-11-02|
|Camera: Canon 400 D, 18-55 Canon EFS|
|Exposure: f/11, 1/50 seconds|
|Details: Tripod: Yes|
|More Photo Info: [view]|
|Photo Version: Original Version|
|Date Submitted: 2008-11-02 8:11|
|[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note|
I take this photo in Sintra.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:
Lactarius deliciosus, known as the Saffron milk cap, Red pine mushroom is the one of the best known members of the large milk-cap genus Lactarius in the order Russulales. It is found in Europe and North America and has been accidentally introduced to other countries under conifers and can be found growing in pine plantations.
In the Girona area, this type of mushroom is called a pinatell because it is collected near wild pine trees; they are typically harvested in October following the late August rain. Due to its scarcity it commands high prices.
A fresco in the Roman town of Herculaneum appears to depict Lactarius deliciosus and is one of the earliest pieces of art to illustrate a fungus.
When grown in liquid culture, the mycelium of this fungus produces Anofinic acid, chroman-4-one, 3-hydroxyacetylindole, cyclic dipeptides, ergosterol, and a mixture of fatty acids.
This was known to Linnaeus who officially described it in Volume Two of his Species Plantarum in 1753, giving it the name Agaricus deliciosus, the specific epithet deriving from Latin deliciosus meaning "tasty".The Swedish taxonomist allegedly gave the species its epithet after smelling it and presuming it tasted as good as a Mediterranean milk cap highly regarded for its flavor. Dutch mycologist Christian Hendrik Persoon added the varietal epithet lactifluus in 1801, before English mycologist Samuel Frederick Gray placed it in its current genus Lactarius in 1821 in his The Natural Arrangement of British Plants.
It is commonly known as saffron milk-cap, red pine mushroom, or simply pine mushroom in English. Its Catalan name is Rovelló or Rovellons. An alternate North American name is orange latex milky. Both this and Lactarius deterrimus are known as Çam melkisi or Çintar in Turkey.
Rovellons or Lactarius deliciosus
Lactarius deliciosus has a carrot orange cap which is convex to vase shaped, inrolled when young, 4 to 14 cm across, often with darker orange lines in the form of concentric circles. The cap is sticky and viscid when wet, but is often dry. It has crowded decurrent gills and a squat orange stipe which is often hollow, 3 to 8 cm long and 1 to 2 cm thick. This mushroom stains a deep green color when handled. When fresh, the mushroom exudes an orange-red latex or "milk" that does not change color.
This mushroom is often confused with Lactarius rubidus which stains green, has red latex, and is also edible.
nglen, cloud, Hormon_Manyer has marked this note useful
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- [2008-11-02 12:09]
Hi Jose. Firstly you have interesting notes to go with your shot of the fungi. The low pov showss theunderside so well with good detail and natural colours. well done TFS.
- [2008-11-03 1:08]
It's my favorite mushroom which this year often gathered. This one is very taste only need of suitable preparation. On your photo aren't too nice but in natural environment, good sharpness.
- [2008-11-03 10:34]
Yine çok güzel bir mantar karesi sunmuşsun. Detaylar enfes. Yeni karelerde görüşmek dileği ile.
Olá José Luis,
Nice photo, useful note, I like both. What's missed:
- this specie, which belongs to the Dapetes section of Lactarius genus, is only able to live in symbiosis with conifers belonging to Pinus genus
- other very closed and frequent species are Lactarius deterrimus, which grows exclusively under spruce (Picea abies); L. salmonicolor, mycorrhiza with Abies pines; L. sanguifluus and L. semisanguifluus, also under Pinus. Fruitbodies are very similar, there's only a little difference. Each is edible. But it's used to be said deliciosus and deterrimus are the real delicates.
Tfs, best regards, László
PS: I personally do not think Lactarius rubidus would be too similar to this specie. It grows under oaks, never in pine forests, and its milk is watery-alike, not orange / red later turning into green.
- [2008-12-18 16:26]
a very lovely and moment of depiction of the gills of this fungi. Natural shot with the surroundings intact and very sharp.
Excellent lighting pushing this shot into a beautiful one.
I am a big fan of these mushrooms. They are truly delicious! They are quite common here in ontario. Merry christmas.