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Honey fungus

Honey fungus
Photo Information
Copyright: Jose Conceicao (jconceicao) Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 369 W: 18 N: 842] (3174)
Genre: Fungi
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2010-11-07
Categories: Fungi
Camera: Canon 400 D, 18-55 Canon EFS, Hama UV 58 mm
Exposure: f/16, 1/6 seconds
Details: Tripod: Yes
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2010-11-11 11:53
Viewed: 3432
Points: 24
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
I take this photo in moutain of Sintra.

Armillaria gallica

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:

Armillaria gallica (synonymous with A. bulbosa and A. lutea) is a species of honey mushroom in the Physalacriaceae family of the Agaricales order. The species is a common and ecologically important wood-decay fungus that can live as a saprobe, or as an opportunistic parasite in weakened tree hosts to cause root or butt rot. It has a widespread distribution, being found in temperate regions of Asia, North America, and Europe, and forms fruit bodies singly or in groups in soil or rotting wood. The fungus has been inadvertently introduced to South Africa. Armillaria gallica has had a confusing taxonomy, due in part to historical difficulties encountered in distinguishing between similar Armillaria species. The fungus received international attention in the early 1990s when an individual colony living in a Michigan forest was reported to cover an area of 15 hectares (37 acres), weigh at least 9,500 kilograms (21,000 lb), and be 1,500 years old. This individual is popularly known as the "humungous fungus", and is a tourist attraction and inspiration for an annual mushroom-themed festival in Crystal Falls.
Armillaria gallica is a largely subterranean fungus, and it produces fruit bodies that are up to about 10 cm (3.9 in) in diameter, yellow-brown, and covered with small scales. On the underside of the caps are gills that are white to creamy or pale orange. The stem may be up to 10 cm (3.9 in) long, with a white cobwebby ring that divides the color of the stem into pale orange to brown above, and lighter-colored below. The fungus can develop an extensive system of underground root-like structures, called rhizomorphs, that help it to efficiently decompose dead wood in temperate broadleaf and mixed forests. It has been the subject of considerable scientific research due to its importance as a plant pathogen, its ability to bioluminesce, its unusual life cycle, and its ability to form large and long-lived colonies.

Miss_Piggy, Dis. Ac., matatur, livius, siggi, paolo49, Pitoncle, Noisette has marked this note useful
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ThreadThread Starter Messages Updated
To Hormon_Manyer: Armillaria gallica/Armillaria melleajconceicao 1 11-11 12:29
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Critiques [Translate]

Olá José Luis,
Nice shot from great angle. Beautiful details (I especially like the gill structure and the rings), although you should use a bit bigger aperture (f/8 or so) to blur the background a bit more by my opinion. Otherwise an effective image, although probably showing Armillaria gallica Marxm. & Romagn., not Armillaria mellea (Vahl) P. Kumm., mostly if they were growing on the ground and not on wood (at least from your photo I think the fungi were growing on the ground).
Best regards, László

Ciao Jose. Good POV in difficult light's conditions. Intrigant environment.


hello Jose
very nice composition with good sharpness and details
nice colours and good BG
greeting lou

  • Great 
  • lousat Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6595 W: 89 N: 15659] (65489)
  • [2010-11-11 13:54]

Hi Jose,i like a lot this low point of view and the perfect sharpness and focus,excellent composition and natural colors too.Thanks for share,have a nice day,LUCIANO.

Hallo Jose
Hallo Roberto
Excellent shot with a great composition. The colours and detail are lovely and displays beautifully. The sharpness of the image as a whole is good and is seen with great clarity. I like the bed of dried bits of branches on the surface, scattered around this pretty mushroom. Thanks for sharing. Best regards.

Hello Jose,

I am agree with Laszlo this are not Mellea but gallica.
Good of sharpness and low pov.
fine colours.


A fine grouping of mushrooms among forest litter Jose, captured perfectly from a very low POV in fine focus and exposure. TFS indeed!

Ola Josč
ben gestiti i colori delicati e la luce che li quasi accarezza mettendone in risalto tutta la particolaritŕ e bellezza.

  • Great 
  • siggi Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3097 W: 109 N: 12399] (52850)
  • [2010-11-12 6:14]

Hello Jose.
What a wonderful group of fungis that you have well captured ! Composition, colors, light, POV, details and sharpness are very good ! Congratulations and thanks for sharing.Best regards Siggi

Hello Jose, very beautiful imagine of fungi , details, light and sharpness perfect, interesting subject. A nice picture. Regards, Paolo

Bonjour Jose,
Bonne valorisation du sujet sous une bonne profondeur de champ.
A bientôt sur TN pour de nouvelles aventures.

Hello Jose
fine image of this mushrooms taken in a nice natural environment, i love the low POV, the colors of the fungus and the wonderful composition
Have a great sunday

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