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Fallow deer


Fallow deer
Photo Information
Copyright: Csaba Sztojka (Csabesz68) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 70 W: 0 N: 113] (593)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2013-10-13
Categories: Mammals
Camera: Sony Alpha DSLR A300, Sigma 150-500mm f/5-6.3 APO DG OS HSM
Exposure: f/8, 1/500 seconds
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2013-11-02 5:44
Viewed: 2352
Points: 6
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
The fallow deer (Dama dama) is a ruminant mammal belonging to the family Cervidae. This common species is native to western Eurasia, but has been introduced widely elsewhere.

Description
The male fallow deer is known as a buck, the female is a doe, and the young a fawn. Adult bucks are 140160 cm (5563 in) long with a 8595 cm (3337 in) shoulder height, and typically 60100 kg (130220 lb) in weight; does are 130150 cm (5159 in) long with a 7585 cm (3033 in) shoulder height, and 3050 kg (66110 lb) in weight. The largest bucks may measure 190 cm (75 in) long and weigh 150 kg (330 lb).[3] Fawns are born in spring at about 30 cm (12 in) and weigh around 4.5 kg (9.9 lb). The life span is around 1216 years.
The species has great variations in the colour of their coats, with four main variants, "common", "menil", melanistic and leucistic a genuine colour variety, not albinistic.[4] The white is the lightest coloured, almost white; common and menil are darker, and melanistic is very dark, sometimes even black (easily confused with the sika deer).
Common: Chestnut coat with white mottles that are most pronounced in summer with a much darker, unspotted coat in the winter. Light-coloured area around the tail, edged with black. Tail is light with a black stripe.
Menil: Spots more distinct than common in summer and no black around the rump patch or on the tail. In winter, spots still clear on a darker brown coat.
Melanistic (black): All year black shading to greyish-brown. No light-coloured tail patch or spots.
Leucistic (white, but not albino): Fawns cream-coloured, adults become pure white, especially in winter. Dark eyes and nose, no spots.[5]
Most herds consist of the common coat variation, yet it is not rare to see animals of the menil coat variation. The Melanistic variation is rarer and white very much rarer still.
Only bucks have antlers, which are broad and shovel-shaped (palmate) from three years. In the first two years the antler is a single spike. They are grazing animals; their preferred habitat is mixed woodland and open grassland. During the rut bucks will spread out and females move between them, at this time of year fallow deer are relatively ungrouped compared to the rest of the year when they try to stay together in groups of up to 150.
Agile and fast in case of danger, fallow deer can run up to a maximum speed of 30 mph (48 km/h)[6] over short distances (being naturally less muscular than other cervids such as roe deer, they are not as fast). Fallow deer can also make jumps up to 1.75 metres high and up to 5 metres in length.
The fallow deer is a Eurasian deer[7] that was a native to most of Europe during the last Interglacial. In the Holocene, the distribution was restricted to the Middle East and possibly also parts of the Mediterranean region, while further southeast in western Asia was the home of the Persian fallow deer, that is bigger and has larger antlers. In the Levant, fallow deer were an important source of meat in the Palaeolithic Kebaran-culture (1700010000 BC), as is shown by animal bones from sites in northern Israel, but the numbers decreased in the following epi-Palaeolithic Natufian culture (100008500 BC), perhaps because of increased aridity and the decrease of wooded areas.

Hotelcalifornia, marius-secan has marked this note useful
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Critiques [Translate]

Hello Csaba,
Beautiful capture.I like light.Nice sharpness and beautiful tone.Good work.
Thanks for sharing,
Regards and have a nice time,
Srikumar

O imagine rara si greu de realizat la noi....Nu am reusit niciodata sa ma apropii la mai putin de cateva sute de metrii de aceasta specie......Numai bine!
Marius.

  • Great 
  • iti Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 577 W: 0 N: 650] (7939)
  • [2014-01-23 9:50]

Hi Csaba,
Too bad te branches before him. But nice photo of this
beautiful the fallow deer. Your gallery is very nice.
Regards Jiri.

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