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Epilobium angustifolium L.


Epilobium angustifolium L.
Photo Information
Copyright: Livio Carroccia (livius) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 300 W: 0 N: 391] (1525)
Genre: Plants
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2008-08-20
Categories: Flowers
Camera: Nikon D50 Digital SLR, Sigma 18-200mm f 3.5-6.3 DC OS Hsm
Exposure: f/6.0, 1/250 seconds
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2008-09-17 6:23
Viewed: 3838
Points: 14
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Nei giorni di pioggerellina e nebbia con una luce non delle migliori bisogna comunque cercare "lo scatto". Questo è uno dei fiori più comuni che ho trovato nel mio viaggio e nonostante il cattivo tempo documentare resta comunque la priorità.

Fireweed or (mainly in Britain) Rosebay Willowherb (Epilobium angustifolium) is a perennial herbaceous plant in the willowherb family Onagraceae.
It is native throughout the temperate Northern Hemisphere.
Some botanists distinguish the species from other willowherbs into either of the genera Chamaenerion or Chamerion, on the basis of its spiral (rather than opposite or whorled) leaf arrangement, but this feature (which occurs also to a greater or lesser extent in some other willowherbs) is not of marked taxonomic significance. Nevertheless, the following synonyms may be found: Chamerion angustifolium (L.) Holub and Chamaenerion angustifolium (L.) Scop.
Description
This herb is often abundant in wet calcareous to slightly acidic soils in open fields, pastures, and particularly burned-over lands; the name Fireweed derives from the species' abundance as a coloniser on burnt sites after forest fires. Its tendency to quickly colonize open areas with little competition, such as sites of forest fires and forest clearings, makes it a clear example of a pioneer species. Plants grow and flower as long as there is open space and plenty of light, as trees and brush grow larger the plants die out, but the seeds remain viable in the soil seed bank for many years, when a new fire or other disturbance occurs that opens up the ground to light again the seeds germinate. Some areas with heavy seed counts in the soil, after burning, can be covered with pure dense stands of this species and when in flower the landscape is turned into fields of color.

The reddish stems of this herbaceous perennial are usually simple, erect, smooth, 0.5-2.5 m (1½-8 feet) high with scattered alternate leaves. The leaves are entire, lanceolate, and pinnately veined. A relative species, Dwarf Fireweed (Epilobium latifolium), grows to 0.3-0.6 m tall.
The radially symmetrical flowers have four magenta to pink petals, 2 to 3 cm in diameter. The styles have four stigmas, which occur in symmetrical terminal racemes.
The reddish-brown linear seed capsule splits from the apex. It bears many minute brown seeds, about 300 to 400 per capsule and 80,000 per plant. The seeds have silky hairs to aid wind dispersal and are very easily spread by the wind, often becoming a weed and a dominant species on disturbed ground. Once established, the plants also spread extensively by underground roots, an individual plant eventually forming a large patch.
The leaves of fireweed are unique in that the leaf veins are circular and do not terminate on the edges of the leaf, but form circular loops and join together inside the outer leaf margins. This feature makes the plants very easy to identify in all stages of growth. When fireweed first emerges in early spring, it can closely resemble several highly toxic members of the lily family, however, it is easily identified by its unique leaf vein structure.
Uses
The young shoots were often collected in the spring by Native American people and mixed with other greens. They are best when young and tender; as the plant matures the leaves become tough and somewhat bitter. The southeast Native Americans use the stems in the stage. They are peeled and eaten raw. When properly prepared soon after picking they are a good source of vitamin C and pro-vitamin A. The Dena'ina add fireweed to their dogs' food. Fireweed is also a medicine of the Upper Inlet Dena'ina, who treat pus-filled boils or cuts by placing a piece of the raw stem on the afflicted area. This is said to draw the pus out of the cut or boil and prevents a cut with pus in it from healing over too quickly.

The root can be roasted after scraping off the outside, but often tastes bitter. To mitigate this, collect the root before the plant flowers and remove the brown thread in the middle.
In Alaska, candies, syrups, jellies, and even ice cream are made from fireweed. Monofloral honey made primarily from fireweed nectar has a distinctive, spiced flavor.
In habitat restoration
Because fireweed can colonize disturbed sites, even following an old oil spill, it is often used to reestablish vegetation. It grows in (and is native to) a variety of temperate to arctic ecosystems. Although it is also grown as an ornamental plant, some may find it too aggressive in that context.
(Wikipedia)









Nomenclatura binomiale Epilobium angustifolium

Divisione:Magnoliophyta
Classe: Magnoliopsida
Ordine: Myrtales
Famiglia:Onagraceae
Genere: Epilobium
Specie: E. angustifolium


Il camenèrio (Epilobium angustifolium L.) è una pianta erbacea della famiglia delle Onagraceae diffusa nelle zone temperate dell’emisfero boreale.
Ha un rizoma molto ramificato e un fusto eretto alto fino ad 1.50 m.
Ha foglie lanceolate che ricordano l'oleandro,l’infiorescenza ha forma piramidale e i fiori sono di colore fucsia. I frutti sono a capsula deiscente in quattro sezioni, contenenti i semi.
Il camenèrio cresce in zone rocciose ed è una delle prime piante a fiorire dopo un incendio o un bombardamento. Fiorisce nella seconda metà di luglio, motivo per cui è spesso chiamato fiore di sant’Anna.

Descrizione: pianta erbacea perenne. Il fusto, alto fino a 180 cm., è eretto, semplice o talvolta ramificato in alto.
Foglie: variamente inserite sul fusto, sono in parte verticillate, in parte opposte e, in alto, alterne; di forma lanceolata, sono acuminate alla base ed all'apice.
Fiori: racemo semplice o a volte ramificato. Corolla formata da 4 petali di cui i 2 superiori sono più grandi degli inferiori. Color rosso porporino, talvolta molto chiaro. Un cenno meritano i frutti con i semi forniti di un vistoso pappo di setole bianche (visibile dalla tarda estate).
Habitat: regione submontana e montana. Frequente nei boschi, nei luoghi freschi e ghiaiosi, nelle radure e nelle scarpate.
Principio Attivo: il p.a. si trova nelle radici e nei fiori. Le prime si raccolgono in primavera o in autunno con la pianta a riposo, mentre i fiori si raccolgono ad inizio fioritura, in luglio-agosto, recidendoli senza il picciolo.
Proprietà: Il sensibile contenuto in tannini e mucillaggini della radice conferisce proprietà astringenti ed antinfiammatorie utili soprattutto per uso interno per le irritazioni intestinali (coliti, enteriti e diarree) e per la tosse.
Uso esterno: tradizionalmente impiegato come astringente generico, per alleviare le irritazioni delle mucose della bocca e della gola, le infiammazioni delle emorroidi e le ustioni leggere.

oanaotilia, Silvio2006, Pitoncle, anel, uleko, oscarromulus, maurydv, boreocypriensis has marked this note useful
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Discussions
ThreadThread Starter Messages Updated
To uleko: epilobiumlivius 1 09-19 09:27
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Critiques [Translate]

Hello Livio
What I like in this picture? The water drops, even on the stamins. They give some fresh air ...
Oana

Ciao Livio, forse non sarà una top dal punto di vista tecnico ma è una composizione di gran fascino, ottima per me la mssa afuoco sulle gocce, belissimo l'accostamento dei colori, a me piace molto, bravo, ciao Silvio

  • Great 
  • anel Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 3053 W: 3 N: 8715] (40574)
  • [2008-09-19 5:36]

Bonjour Livio,
Très belle image d'Epilobium augustifolium! Les couleurs sont particulièrement fines, l'ensemble très harmonieux. Cette fleur est très présente devant chez moi, d'ailleurs pas trop loin de la Bettmeralp,où tu as pris ta photo. Très décoratives, les gouttes de pluie..
Un grand merci
Anne

  • Great 
  • uleko Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3396 W: 172 N: 3310] (10940)
  • [2008-09-19 9:03]
  • [+]

Hello Livio,
This is a lovely late-summer flower here that always makes me feel a bit nostalgic! Excelent capture showing it after the rain and against a fine soft background. Lovely colours and well composed.
TFS and regards, Ulla

Livio,
P.E.R.F.E.C.T. image.
Loved your highly EDUCATIVE notes.
Friendly greetings from Canada,
Mario.

Ciao Livio,
forse il cattivo tempo non ti ha permesso di ampliare la DOF, ma la messa a fuoco selettiva è perfetta e le tonalità dei colori senza luce diretta sono bellissime, ottima definizione nella parte a fuoco e bello il dettaglio della goccia che funziona da lente, molto bello anche lo sfondo di un bel verde omogeneo. Ottime le note.
Grazie e complimenti.
Maurizio

Hi MF Livio,

Good use of selective focus and very shallow DOF to have only the small forward portion of this beuty sharp. I like the dew and BG too that adds so artistic way to your post MF!
TFS and have a nice night!
Cheers,

Bayram

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