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Yellowhammer


Yellowhammer
Photo Information
Copyright: Pekka Valo (pekkavalo1) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 423 W: 54 N: 2120] (6789)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2008-06-17
Categories: Birds
Camera: Canon EOS 1D Mark III, Canon EF 400mm f4.0 DO IS USM, RAW ISO 800, Canon EF 1.4x Extender II
Exposure: f/7.1, 1/400 seconds
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2008-10-08 1:29
Viewed: 7198
Points: 12
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
A male Yellowhammer at RSPB Pulborough Brooks nature reserve.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:

The Yellowhammer, Emberiza citrinella, is a passerine bird in the bunting family Emberizidae, which breeds across Europe and much of Asia. The Yellowhammer was introduced to New Zealand in 1862 and is now common and widespread there. It is probably more abundant in New Zealand now than in Europe where it is in serious decline, (in the UK the species fell by 54% between 1970 and 2003). In Europe and Asia most birds are resident, but some far northern birds migrate south in winter. It is common in all sorts of open areas with some scrub or trees and form small flocks in winter.

The Yellowhammer is a robust 15.5-17 cm long bird, with a thick seed-eater's bill. The male has a bright yellow head, yellow underparts, and a heavily streaked brown back. The female is much duller, and more streaked below. The familiar, if somewhat monotonous, song of the cock is often described as A little bit of bread and no cheese.

It has been claimed by Carl Czerny that the Yellowhammer's song was the inspiration for the "fate" motif of the Symphony No. 5 by Ludwig van Beethoven.

Its natural diet consists of insects when feeding young, and otherwise seeds. The nest is on the ground. 3-6 eggs are laid, which show the hair-like markings characteristic of those of buntings.

Habitat
It is most commonly found on lowland arable and mixed farmland, probably due to the greater availability of seeds. It nests in hedges, patches of scrub, and ditches, especially if these have a wide grass margin next to them, and a cereal crop next to the margin. Hedges of up to two meters tall are preferred, and they will not nest until it is in full leaf, building the nest next to the hedge if it is built before this. In winter, the flocks feed at good seed sites, such as newly-sown fields and over-wintered stubbles.

Diet
Seeds of: Cereal, grasses (eg Meadow Grass, Fescue, Ryegrass), Common Nettle, dock, knotgrass Polygonum aviculare, Fat Hen Chenopodium album, Common Chickweed Stellaria media, Mouse-ear Cerastium, Bramble, Vetches, Clover, Forget-me-not, Dandelion, Knapweed, Sow-thistle Cicerbita, Yarrow, Plantains Plantago

Invertebrates - mainly, but not exclusively - taken through the breeding season: Springtails, mayflies, grasshopper, cockroach, earwigs, bugs Hemiptera,lacewings, caddis flies, sawflies, spiders, woodlice, millipedes, caterpillars, flies, beetles, earthworms, snails

They are more able to feed on the slower-moving invertebrates.

siggi, uleko, jconceicao, nglen has marked this note useful
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Critiques [Translate]

  • Great 
  • siggi Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3097 W: 109 N: 12399] (52850)
  • [2008-10-08 2:32]

Hello Pekka,
Wonderful capture.POV,sharpness,clear details,Bg and composition are Very good.
TFS.Siggi

  • Great 
  • uleko Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3396 W: 172 N: 3310] (10940)
  • [2008-10-08 3:25]

Hej Pekka,
I miss a sparkle in the eye, otherwise this is a lovely capture!! I like your composition showing sharp details and fine natural colours. To me this is a 'spring bird' somehow as we then hear their typical song everywhere.
TFS and best wishes, Ulla

Hello Pekka,

Fantastic capture.
Beautiful colours with excellent detail.
Composition and light are very good.

Pekka, this is an outstanding shot. You did a great job capturing it.

Check out my website:
Bill Houghton Photography

  • Great 
  • nglen Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 2883 W: 30 N: 9683] (36145)
  • [2008-10-08 12:47]

Hi Pekka. This is a bird i have not seen for a long time we use to get a lot in Dorset but now very few. You have captured this one with fine detail and bright colours. With a good POV. well done TFS.
Nick..

  • Great 
  • joey Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1739 W: 224 N: 6872] (24909)
  • [2008-10-09 13:13]

Hi Pekka,
a superb shot of this Yellowhammer.
The amount of detail here is excellent!
Great lighting.
Superb composition.

Very well done!
Joe

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