|Copyright: Andreas Paradisis (Nature-cy)
|Date Taken: 2011-06-26|
|Exposure: f/5.6, 1/500 seconds|
|More Photo Info: [view]|
|Photo Version: Original Version|
|Date Submitted: 2011-07-03 3:37|
|[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note|
Scientific name: Epipactis veratrifolia
Common Name (English):Eastern Marsh Helleborine
An erect or pendent rhizomatous plant, producing groups of villous* aerial stems 20-120 (150) cm tall. Cauline leaves 3-10, sheathing, lanceolate, pointed, stiff, keeled, erect or spreading, 8-25 cm long, 1,2-5 cm wide, larger around the centre of the stem. Upper leaves bract-like. Lower bracts far longer than flowers. Infloresence lax, up to 60 cm long. Flowers cross-pollinated, 4-40, large, pendant to horizontal, near bell-shaped. Sepals and petals greenish to crimson-brown and callous* on outer surface, green, more or less broadly bordered purplish-brown on inner face, keeled, near spreading, lanceolate, 9-21 mm long and 4-10 mm wide, lateral sepals asymmetric, hypochile* 7-12 mm long, whitish to greenish outside, reddish inside, concave, wedge shaped (when spread), with two narrow lobes at base, floor* dark red, granular, nectariferous. Epichile* flexible, 9-11 mm long, narrowly triangular, concave, yellowish to reddish in centre, with two pale (sometimes white), erect triangular lateral lobes at base, central lobe elongated to a pointed white tip, anther greenish.
Habitat: On fully saturated, rocky slopes with perpetually trickling water, which deposits large amounts of calcium. In sunny-shady places along rivers and springs, or at the sides of small mountain streams and wetlands, on wet slopes consisting of extremely calcareous substrate. It favours steep slopes to overhanging rocks, where it forms large clusters by vegetative propagation. Its specialization has limited its habitats.
Altitude: 100-1800 m.
Flowering: (March)April- late July (August).
*Villous = Pubescent with long and soft hairs that are not interwoven.
*Callous = Hardened and thickened.
*Hypochile = The basal part of the lip in the Epipactis (Helleborine) genus which has nectar.
*Floor = The base of the hypochile.
*Epichile = The terminal lobe of the labellum in the Epipactis (Helleborine) genus.
1. Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East (Pierre Delforge-2006)
2. The orchids of Cyprus “Die Orchideen von Zypern” (C.A.J. Kreutz-2004)
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