Chatlanghush (Pistacia atlantica)
|[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note|
|Chatlanghush (Pistacia atlantica var.mutica) in Sorkhe-hesar national park, near Tehran:|
A principal species in top of regional botany,which is certainly in danger.
(In back you can see dusty & smoky Tehran!)
Realy this is one of two important mt. trees in Sorkhe-hesar mount (The other is "Ta" or -celtis caucasica-). In fact these are small trees or maybe big shrubs.
But it is citable that it can reach 100 cm in diagonal and about 400 years old! (see page on: www.persiangarden.ir/Indexb.asp?ID=565&IDD=648&IDDD=624&Langu=FA)
Chatlanghush is a kind of wild pistachio(Baneh) but its seed is smaller than domestic one(P. vera). Also it has edible use in some part of Iran like Kerman. Baneh has also industrial usages, now.
The other subspecies of "Pistacia atlantica" in Iran:
1. "P.a.cabulica" from Kerman,Fars & Baluchistan.
2. "P.a.kurdica" from Kurdistan to Baluchistan along Zagros mt.
About Baneh forests:
The pure Baneh forest is rare because their saplings are very vulnerable and require high protection against impacts & rodents tooth (specially Indian porcupine). In helthy nature there is a close relation beetween Pistachio & Almond shrubs. Almond communities protect Pista saplings against many dangers within initial years.
In nature the mature ones have many key roles in ecosystem survival. Providing home for birds, insects and some mamals is simplest one!
Nowadays this composite semi-arid forests are restricted & the number of young trees is reduced in them. There is no future!
Really we dont know What will happen tomorrow!
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Bonne composition ...
Thank you for the beautiful pic and interesting note. The pic is great since one can see the arid habitat as well. By the way the peanuts that are mentioned in the bible (butum) are the nuts of this tree. all the best, Ori