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Ophrys antiochiana

Ophrys antiochiana
Photo Information
Copyright: Dietrich Meyer (meyerd) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 585 W: 64 N: 2238] (7531)
Genre: Plants
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2011-04-21
Categories: Flowers
Camera: Panasonic Lumix G2, Panasonic Four/Third 14-45
Exposure: f/6.3, 1/400 seconds
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2011-06-05 3:43
Viewed: 4871
Points: 10
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
From my Syrian travels:

I found this orchid (Orchidaceae; Ophrys antiochiana (=O. reinholdii ssp. antiochiana) H. Baumann& R. Lorenz) at the site of a Byzantine dead city, Khrab al Shams, which is not far from the well known Qal'at Sam'an which is not far from Antiochia (=Hatay, Antakya). The ground was karstic, 530 m a.s.l. and all natural vegetation is subject to centuries of pasturing (goats, sheep). The orchid species belongs to the group that evolves rapidly and as a result provides a countless number of species, races and hybrids all through the mediterranean area. You may know that Ophrys specialize in attracting males of a given species of hymenopterans. But the flowers are cheaters, they lure the males by odour and a female-like body shape, providing no reward. The specificity of the process assures that pollen from a given Ophrys species is only brought to a flower of the same species. This assures safe pollination but also results in genetic isolation.

ID: The genus is easily told by the insect-like appearance. However for the species I cannot not be sure. Ophrys species vary a lot. O. antiochiana is considered a subspecies of O. reinholdii and has a distribution range from Southern Turkey including Antiochia to Syria.

For ID, I had the remark of a TN friend Yiannis Christofides (thanks, Yiannis) who doubted that it was O. transhyrcana as I had stated before. I relied on two internet sites , "Flora of Israel online" provided by the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, http://flora.huji.ac.il and the University of Basel/ Switzerland site, orchid.unibas.ch. The book written by our TN-friend Ori Fragman ("The Flowers of the Eastern Mediterranean") is not yet available to me.

juanit, Miss_Piggy has marked this note useful
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To yiannis: Ophrys antiochianameyerd 1 06-13 04:36
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Critiques [Translate]

hello Dietrich
great shot of this beauty ophrys
with great details and beautiful colours
thanks greeting lou

Hello Dietrich

Nice capture with great sharpness and detail.
This is one we have not seen.
Anita & Mike

A superb macro shot, very good sharpness, splendid bright colours, a very harmonious composition

Hallo Dietrich
It must have been an awesome sight to have seen a field filled with these orchids and many other species. Wow, the photographic opportunities must have been endless, not only for the flowers but also for the insects that it attracts. This orchid has a very unusual shape and the colours are rich and vibrant. It is beautiful. Thanks for sharing. Best regards.

Nice photo of the orchid. However I think the orchid is Ophrys antiochiana. regards yiannis

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