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Dactylorhiza iberica

Dactylorhiza iberica
Photo Information
Copyright: Catherine Dijon (CatherineD) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 861 W: 57 N: 4006] (14097)
Genre: Plants
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2010-06-22
Categories: Flowers
Camera: Canon EOS 40 D, Canon EF 100 mm F2.8 Macro USM
Exposure: f/8, 1/160 seconds
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2010-07-09 11:02
Viewed: 3897
Points: 38
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note [French]
Near a mountain spring where we rested, we found this pretty Orchid among other flowers, butterflies… and a couple of lizards in courtship. A dreamy place, indeed!

Dactylorhiza iberica (M.Bieb ex Willd.) Soó
Family: Orchidaceae
Common names: Crimean orchid [En], Dactylorhiza d'Ibérie [Fr], Krim Knabenkraut [De]

It is a distinctive isolated species, with lax spikes of small pink flowers, perianth segments forming a hood, and the normally 3-lobed labellum dotted with purple marks.

The plant is 20-40(60) cm high. The tubers are cylindrical-fusiform, sometimes separated into 2 or 3 lobes. Axillary buds may produce stolons. There are 2-3 linear-lanceolate, obtuse, erect leaves in the lower part of stem and 1-2 linear, acuminate and significantly smaller leaves located above. Inflorescence is narrow, cylindrical, often lax and 8-20 cm long. Bracts are narrow, lanceolate, acuminate; the lower almost equal to the flowers; the upper shorter. Flowers range from pale to deep lilac, with darker purple-pink speckles on the labellum. Outer perianth segments are 0.5-0.9 cm long, 0.2-0.3 com wide, narrowly ovate, acuminate, with three veins; the middle segment is slightly shorter and concave; two inner perianth segments are narrow linear-lanceolate, acuminate, with two veins. Labellum is obovate, 0.8-1.1 cm long, with tiny papillae above, and wide, have ridges along the edges; the middle one looks like a small, acuminate denticle. The spur is cylindrical, obtuse, bent, and shorter than the ovary. Ovary is cylindrical, slightly bent, tortile and glabrous.
The intensity of flower colour, shape and decoration of labellum are very variable.

The species is distributed in Eastern Greece, Turkey, Cyprus, Syria, Lebanon, Palestine, Northern and Western Iran, the Crimea and the Caucasus (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Ukraine and Russia).

This plant requires light and moisture soil. It grows usually in open areas, more rarely in shady places, on alkaline damp to swampy soils. It occurs sporadically in waterlogged meadows, along the banks of mountain streams and rivers, sometimes forming large aggregations.
It can be seen from 600 to 2 500 meters. It flowers during May-July.

The name Dactylorhiza is derived from Greek words δάκτυλος "daktylos" (finger) and ρίζα "rhiza" (root), referring to the palmately two- to five-lobed tubers of this genus.
The species was found first in Georgia and described in the 18th century by the famous botanist, M. Bieberstein. The name of the species originates from Iberia, the ancient name of Georgia.

European Orchids
Delforge P., 2005. Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East.
Vakhrameeva M.G., Tatarenko I.V., Varlygina T.I., Torosyan G.K., Zagulskii M.N., 2008. Orchids of Russia and adjacent countries, A.R.G. Gantner Verlag, Liechtenstein.

nikosrio, caspian, maurydv, serp2000, Ishi, anel, rommel, cirano, oanaotilia, juanit, boreocypriensis, Michau has marked this note useful
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Critiques [Translate]

Hello Catherine,
excellent capture, beautifull colors and great BG,
have a nice weekend,

Merhaba Bayram hocamızın değerli arkadaşı Cathy,
What a fascinating orchids! One of the biological treasures of Turkey.
Thank you.

Hi Catherine,

great capture specially liked the pov and colors of the flower. Congrats !


nice orchid portrait, TFS Ori

  • Great 
  • lousat Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6595 W: 89 N: 15659] (65489)
  • [2010-07-09 12:49]

Un reportage vraiment complet depuis ton voyage turc,pas seulement papillons mais aussi tes fleurs preferres,les orchidees sauvages,et l'espece d'aujourd'hui est sans doute magnfique,on peut voir grace a la parfaite nettete' les magnifiques dessins dans les petits fleurs.Excellent lumeiere et composition aussi.Mes compliments et bon fin de semaine,Luciano

Ciao Catherine, beautiful flower on a lovely blurry BG, excellent sharpness and splendid natural colors, very well done my friend, have a good weeek end, ciao Silvio

Hi Catherine,

You have displayed a rare beauty of our country so great.
Handle all the details of this rare orchid notes with a good shot and have been introduced.
Thanks for sharing.

Best Regards,

Ciao Catherine,
une magnifique image en macro avec de teintes couleurs éclatantes, superbe netteté, parfaite mise à point et gestion de la lumière, très jolie composition.
Merci e t félicitations
Bonne nuit

Privet, Catherine,
Excellent shot and interesting note. Good work.
Nice colours and fine frame!

  • Great 
  • Ishi Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 298 W: 21 N: 1943] (13387)
  • [2010-07-09 23:30]

Shalom Catherine,

This is a truly beautiful Dactylorhiza species. Excellent capture. Thanks for putting the effort into your very detailed notes/

Here we have only D. romana, and that is one single location in the north...

Enjoy your trip!


  • Great 
  • foozi Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 2791 W: 0 N: 6696] (25839)
  • [2010-07-10 1:35]

Hello Catherine,
a very lively plant with attractive flowers. the sharpness is excellent helped by the blurry background. this makes the view so lovely and pleasant. the patterns are well seen and the sharpness is good.
A very nice composition with neat contrast.


  • Great 
  • anel Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 3053 W: 3 N: 8715] (40574)
  • [2010-07-10 2:37]

Bonjour Catherine,
Tu es de retour avec de magnifiques images. Celle-ci me plaît particulièrement par ses teintes si subtiles captées parfaitement par ton objectif. Une présentation verticale judicieuse aussi. Excellent travail de photographe.
Meilleures pensées

Hi Catherine

Looks like you had a lot of fun with Bayram. great shot of this prety orchid. Excellent sharpness and DOF, great details. Good OOF background.


  • Great 
  • cirano Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 997 W: 0 N: 944] (13609)
  • [2010-07-11 14:39]

Slav Catherîne,
Very good macro,nice colors and excellent composition.Very beautiful flower.TFS.
best regards,

Bonjour Catherine,
Such a beautiful flower you have captured so well! Depth of field so gross that all the triplet in focus! At the same time colours are wonderful and real. Composition is same quality and enjoy to look at. There is only one negative point as for me, i didn't meet this flower in my country yet, you have taken this here in Turkey :-)

Congrats and thanks for sharing,


A very delicate orchid with strong pinkish colors, and with perfect sharpness. Amazing details, perfect bg. Overall, a characteristic image for you!

  • Great 
  • juanit Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 58 W: 5 N: 270] (1522)
  • [2010-07-13 13:11]

Hello Catherine

Lovely capture showing nice colours and detail.
Nice POV against the soft blurred background.
Anita & Mike

Haha:) although i also captured this beauty thanks to your eagle eyes:) i envy you with this shot dear. You know i am very jelaous:) like you. we had so many good times to remember in future with this trip!
Take care and have a nice sunday dear!


interesting shape of labellum in this Dactylorhiza species, regards,

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