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Photo Information
Copyright: erkan tokyurek (ekoline) Silver Star Critiquer/Silver Note Writer [C: 19 W: 0 N: 13] (176)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2009-07-04
Categories: Insects
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2010-01-03 14:11
Viewed: 3426
Points: 12
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Papilionidae
Genus: Parnassius
Species: P. apollo

Binomial name: Parnassius apollo (Linnaeus, 1758).

The Apollo or Mountain Apollo (Parnassius apollo), is a butterfly of the Papilionidae family. It is found on mountains in Europe usually above 1000m up to 2000m, preferring flowery meadows and mountain pastures. This species is of interest to entomologists due to the variety of subspecies, often only restricted to a specific valley in the alps. Related species can be found all over the world. The caterpillar's favorite food plant is Stonecrop (Sedum).

In Finland, Apollo was one of the first species of insects declared endangered. The Apollo population in Finland and Sweden decreased drastically during the 1950's. The reason for this is not known, but it is commonly thought to be because of a disease. In Sweden it is since restricted to areas that have limestone in the ground, suggesting that the decrease could hypothetically be related to acid rain.

The Apollo also known as the "great eye" is on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals, in Appendix II in CITES and is mentioned in annex IV of Habitats Directive. It is protected in other states: the Principality of Liechtenstein, Czech Republic (as critically threatened species in Czech code, Decree for implementation, No. 395/1992 Sb. (and No. 175/2006 Sb.)), Poland.

One of the loveliest species of butterfly in the Alps, it is white with two red, black-edged "eye marks" on its wings. The Small Appollo (Parnassius phoebus) is found in the high mountains while the Clouded Apollo (Parnassius mnemosyne) lives in the valleys. The Apollo caterpillar lives on woodlark Spur and rock plants and is a velvety blue-black with small orange spots.

This photo was taken in Uludag, about 1600 meter altitude.


whoru, ramthakur, horias, jlinaresp has marked this note useful
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Critiques [Translate]

  • Great 
  • whoru (107)
  • [2010-01-03 14:42]

Çok güzel bir kelebek, çok başarılı bir fotoğraf, tebrikler, selamlar.

birkaç kez görsem de fotoğraflayamadığım türlerden biri. aynı zamanda en güzel kelebeklerden biri. çok güzel görüntülemişsiniz, Erkan Bey. elinize sağlık. siyah fonda güzel pozlanmış nefis bir kare.

Hi Erkan,
Apollo butterfly is a beautiful creature and you have shot it well. The completely dark BG makes it a very attractive composition.

  • Great 
  • Aramok Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 896 W: 101 N: 1501] (5166)
  • [2010-01-03 22:59]

Hi Erkan

I like ths photo especially with the dark background, I sometimes photo butterflies myself, but feel that the depth of field is not great enought but not knowing what camera you are on using makes it difficult to know if is possible to you to have increased it and had the entire butterfly in focus.

TFS and Happy New Year

  • Great 
  • horias Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 837 W: 58 N: 2084] (11033)
  • [2010-01-04 1:26]

Wonderful apollo!
Great sharp details, lovely colors.

Hi Erkan,

Very rare specie, good shot, brillant vertical cut and composition, Good flash ligth handled.


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