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Photo Information
Copyright: Bayram Gocmen (boreocypriensis) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6774 W: 207 N: 2989] (9571)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2010-05-30
Categories: Reptiles
Camera: Nikon D-80, AF-S VR Micro-Nikkor 105mm f/2.8G IF-ED, @ ISO 400, SIGMA 62MM EX DG MC UV Filter
Exposure: f/8, 1/400 seconds
Photo Version: Original Version, Workshop
Theme(s): Turkish Herpetofauna [view contributor(s)]
Date Submitted: 2010-06-17 11:14
Viewed: 4785
Favorites: 1 [view]
Points: 92
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Coronella austriaca (Smooth Snake) [in Turk. Avusturya Yılanı] (Female)

Here you can see a female smooth snake portrait from lateral POV and a WS while resting on a rock

Dear my heartfelt friends, as you may known the tomorrow will be my last day in Izmir, since I’ll start a long-term (approx. 45 days) trip, including SW Anatolia, my homeland Cyprus and then Syria and Jordan. In this way, we (I and Cathy) will firstly go to SW Anatolia and Cyprus. After this i will continue to make some additional herpetological studies in Syria and Jordan as well as SE Anatolia. Therefore, I’ll not available in TN, actively. During this time, I wish you a nice time, good luck and all the best…


©Bayram GÖÇMEN, All Rights Reserved.


Smooth Snake is a harmless, non-venomous species of snake, which rarely grows larger than 80 cm (average length isabout 50 cm). It has smooth, unkeeled body scales, and hence, as a result of the smooth scales, the body and head have a shiny appearance. The head is relatively small and flat and only little distinct from the neck. Pupils are rounded. The body is relatively stout and ends with a moderately long tail that tapers to a point.

Some scalation (pholidotic) characteristics as follows: The rostral plate is visible from above, and its tip invades the suture between the internasal plates, which may even become completely separated by it as an exception; 19 (in rare instances 17 or 21) dorsal scale rows around midbody; one large preocular; two postocuIars; no suboculars; seven supralabials; 150-200 ventrals (males 150-182, females 170-200); 40-70 pairs of subcaudals; the anal plate is usually divided as is in other whip snakes (family Colubridae).

The basic coloration of this snake can vary from beige brown to medium gray, with females showing a tendency toward gray and males toward brown in many places. Very dark and black specimens are occasionally found but albinistic animals are extremely rare. The body is usually patterned with small dark spots that are arranged in pairs. These spots may occasionally be fused across or longitudinally, which, in the latter case, gives the impression of a striped pattern. These markings are most intense in the anterior part of the body, fading gradually toward the tail. Specimens with no body pattern are occasionally found. The small, ovoid head that is little distinct from the body and always appears a little darker than the body. Besides a dark stripe that runs from the nostril via the eye to the neck, there is a typical horseshoe- or U-shaped marking on the nape of the neck. The latter marking is in most cases open posteriorly, in contrast to the situation in the Southern Smooth Snake (Coronella girondica). The venter is usually uniform brown or gray, often reddish brown in juveniles, and patterned with fine dark spots only in rare exceptional individuals. Females appear distinctly more muscular and stouter than males; they also grow larger than these.

Copulation can often last for several hours and is preceded by a rather brief courtship. It consists of testing the female by means of tongue-flicking, crawling over her, and often ends with the male placing a holding bite on the female's neck. Small males occasionally position this bite on the mouth of the female if the latter is much larger than the former. Copulation may, however, also take place without any of this, and it would appear that a holding bite is most often used if the female shows herself more or less unwilling to mate. Depending on their physical condition, females may engage in reproduction every year, or only every second or third year. Common Smooth Snakes are ovoviviparous, giving birth to 2 to 16 young. Juveniles become sexually mature in their third or fourth year of life, with males often turning to reproduction-related activity before females of the same age.

It is distributed almost throughout Europe (except Ireland, northern UK, the northern parts of Scandinavia, large portions in the center and south of the Iberian Peninsula, and on many islands of the Mediterranean), Turkey (N, W and C), Caucasus and the northernmost parts of Iran. The snake inhabits open, sun-exposed, dry habitats with low vegetation that nevertheless provides good cover. Although occasionally found near bodies of water, it is rarely encountered in outright moist or wet situations. It is slow moving, calm and rarely biting species. It feeds mainly on lizards, may also prey on small rodents, chicks and snakes.

Three subspecies are recognized in its distribution area as follows:
• the nominate form, C. a. austriaca
• C. a. acutirostris. It is distributed in the western parts of the Iberian Peninsula and, differs from the nominate form in having a differentiated head scalation (slender, tapering pileus) and a larger number of nuchal scales.
• C. a. fitzingeri. It is restricted to southern Italy and Sicily and it is thought of as smaller, having a distinctly reduced spotted pattern and very often a strongly arched rostral plate that pushes deeply between the internasals and often separates them entirely.

1. Göçmen, B. (Unpub. results). The results of herpetological trips.
2. Budak, A. & Göçmen, B. (2005). Herpetology. Ege Üniversitesi Fen Fakültesi Kitaplar Serisi, No. 194, Ege Üniversitesi Basimevi, Bornova-Izmir, 226 pp. [2nd Edition, 2008].
3. Kreiner, G. (2007). The Snakes of Europe.Edition Chinaira, Frankfurt am Main, Germany, 317 pp.

Argus, CatherineD, maurydv, Mamagolo2, CeltickRanger, cypturk, bahadir, anemone, omereser, yasemin, Noisette, caspian, nkasot, Csabesz68, rockisland, smitha, sandpiper2, siggi, montivipera, yolandefernoux, meyerd, marius-secan, marhowie, goldyrs, Dis. Ac., haraprasan, jusninasirun has marked this note useful
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ThreadThread Starter Messages Updated
To Csabesz68: Thanksboreocypriensis 1 06-17 23:24
To nkasot: Teşekkürlerboreocypriensis 1 06-17 21:52
To ramthakur: Thanksboreocypriensis 1 06-17 21:43
To achimmircea: thanksboreocypriensis 1 06-17 16:24
To cypturk: Teşekkürboreocypriensis 1 06-17 16:23
To bahadir: Sağol Bahaboreocypriensis 1 06-17 16:22
To caspian: İyi gecelerboreocypriensis 1 06-17 16:18
To anemone: sağolboreocypriensis 1 06-17 16:11
To yasemin: Sağolboreocypriensis 1 06-17 16:10
To Noisette: Thanksboreocypriensis 1 06-17 16:09
To omereser: Selamboreocypriensis 1 06-17 16:08
To wishnugaruda: Thanksboreocypriensis 1 06-17 16:07
To PeterZ: Thanksboreocypriensis 1 06-17 16:04
To tiborsos: Thanksboreocypriensis 1 06-17 11:41
To Belgerdy: Thaksboreocypriensis 1 06-17 11:40
To CatherineD: Sana da:)boreocypriensis 1 06-17 11:31
To Argus: Thanksboreocypriensis 1 06-17 11:23
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Critiques [Translate]

  • Great 
  • Argus Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5038 W: 260 N: 15594] (50626)
  • [2010-06-17 11:18]
  • [2] [+]

Merhaba Bayram,
A fine portrait of a female Smooth Snake set in a classic composition to show the head with superb sharpness and colours from a nice lateral POV.
I wish you and Cathy a successful trip to the Middle East and I hope you come back with lots of interesting pics!
All the best my friend,

Hello dear neighbour!
From tomorrow, not only on TN...:) What a beautiful lady with so nice eyes and assorted make-up. She has a funny mouth. Great portrait MF! See you tomorrow for our great trip. İyi geceler ve tatli rüyalar!

Enjoy your trip, looking forward to seeing the results....like this one, great portrait of this snake!


have a nice long-term trip in those so herp-rich regions... and nice capture, tfs

Hallo MF Bayram,
a superb portrait of the Smooth Snake, outstanding sharpness and fantastic eye contact, i wish you and Cathy an interesting trip and happy holidays too.
Best regards

  • Great 
  • PeterZ Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5137 W: 166 N: 13121] (49139)
  • [2010-06-17 12:11]
  • [+]

Hello Bayram,
A wonderful photo to say goodbye for a while. Excellent quality. Have a great time.

Hello Bayram,
Stunning photo. Have a great time. Will be missing yiu.

hello Bayram

another 2 great shots, with fine POVs, superbly focused
great sharpness and details, 2 National Geographic quality
images Bayram, enjoy your trip and come back us with other
wonderful nature (bird/animal/insect/reptile) photos, TFS


Dayi muhtesem portre. Eline saglik. Sana iyi tatiller ve gezmeler. Kendine iyi bak.

Bayram hocam. Söyleyecek söz yok:) Muhteşem.
İyi gezmeler hocam. Özleyeceğiz sizi. Saygılar.

Hocam iyi yolculuklar ve iyi tatiller. Güzel bir hoşçakal karesi oldu:)
Emeğinize sağlık. Selam ve saygılarımla.

Hello Bayram,
Have a nice and succesfull long-term trip!
Wonderful image taken with great details, lovely colors, excellent DOF and POV. Well done!

Hi Bayram,
this shot is so beautiful - and also makes me a little sad that we don't "talk" to each other for a longer time now. I wish you a fantastic time, I'm with you in my thoughts. It will be a perfect trip, I wish you many wonderful experiences - and make a lot of shots for us here on TN ;-) Take care my friend ...
Sabine - wishnugaruda

Yandan da gayet alımlı görünüyor. Bu türü Elaphe'ler gibi uzun boylu zannediyordum. Evet Akdeniz'den kayıt yokmuş Baran'ın doçentlik tezinden (Türkiye Yılanlarının Taks. rev. ve coğ. dağılışları) baktım. Afyon'a en yakın lokalite Türkmen Dağı'nda Sabuncupınar Köyü imiş (Kütahya-Eskişehir arası). Karelerinizi özleyeceğiz. Herpeto-tatilinizin verimli geçmesi dileğiyle.

Bayram sana da Cathy e de iyi yolculuklar..iyi gezmeler. sicaklar bastirmistir orda. bol bol su icmeyi ihmal etme. arabani da dikkatli sur.. hersey gonlunuzce olsun. Iyi yolcukluklar... kazasiz belasiz...
Iyi geceler..

Merhaba Bayram
beautiful portrait of this Snake, i love the diagonal composition, the very sharp details on his head and the superb green Bg
the whole image is splendid
Good luck for your trip and your studies
Have a good night

Hi Bayram,

great capture! I love your reptile pictures.


Merhaba Bayram hocam,

Bir önceki kareniz gibi bu da harika bir çalışma olmuş.
Uzun geziniz şimdiden hayırlı olsun. Sizi ve karelerinizi özlayeceğiz üstadım.
Gittiğiniz bölgeler herpetolojik incelemeler için çok zengin.Umarım mükemmel çekimler yaparsınız.

Saygı,sevgi ve selamlarımla

Spare me the snakes, Prof!! (Only joking).
Wish you a very successful outing to the neighbouring states and countries, my friend!
Best regards.

Bayram hocam süper ötesi bir portre olmuş. Emeklerinize ve elinize sağlık. Size iyi yolculuklar ve bol herptilli gexmeler dilerim. Umarım Kıbrıs'a gelince görüşebiliriz. Saygılarımla,

Hello Bayram!
Exceptional portrait! Great POV, beautiful green DOV, adequate diagonal composition, fine on-eye focus, crispy sharp, eye contact... everything... Great capture!
Enjoy your trip! Take care! Have an excellent time!

Hi Bayaram,

This is a supreme composition. Though non poisonous, this looks dangerous to me :) Very nicely captured!


  • Great 
  • cirano Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 997 W: 0 N: 944] (13609)
  • [2010-06-18 0:36]

Her açıdan verimli,dolu dolu güzel bir tatil olmasını diliyorum.:)
Bi slavên germ,

  • Great 
  • foozi Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 2791 W: 0 N: 6696] (25839)
  • [2010-06-18 0:56]

Merhaba MF Prof. Bayram,
such a stunning capture again. you have given the clarity and sharpness at its best, and add element of suspense by giving the head jutting out and the eye contact so true.
Details and features well documented.
Well shown capture of this scaly and slippery creature.


  • Great 
  • hansh Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 277 W: 1 N: 741] (2762)
  • [2010-06-18 1:11]

Hello Bayram MF.

Have a very nice day at your trip and with your studies.
Great capture of this one.
Gr. Hans

ps i'm i while out of running because serious troubles with my back, wich makes that it is difficult to walk and to make pictures.

Bayram hocam gerçekten bu yakın seriniz muhteşem olmnuş.
Bu kadar yakından görmeyi bırakın, fotoğraf bile adrenalin salgıladı bende :)
Elinize, emeğinize sağlık

Hello Bayram,
Your absence will be most gravely felt in TN. :)
Nevertheless I am happy that u will be able to make occassional visits with your new pictures of new species from new places. Best wishes for a joyous and fruitful trip.
As usual you have delighted us with a remarkable picture perfect in all aspects. :)
Thanks for the share and do keep in touch,

Hi Bayram

First I hope you and Cathy have a great time, sound like a fantastic journey.

Great shot of this snake. Excellent sharpness and POV.

Have fun

  • Great 
  • siggi Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3097 W: 109 N: 12399] (52850)
  • [2010-06-18 2:10]

Hello MF Bayram,
I wish you a nice time on your journey.
It is a beautiful snake and you captured it very well 'cause your photo is very sharp, very good BG with splendid colours showing the structure very well.Well composed too.
Best regards Siggi

Ciao amico Bayram, have a good trip and best wishes for your activity, may be we meet again on TN on the end of august, thanks for this fantastic portrait of beautiful snail, good natural colors, wonderful blurry BG, splendid sharpness and fine details, very well done my friend, ciao Silvio

Hello Bayram,

Superbe composition sur cet écrin vert avec un joli oeil qui nous dit aurevoir.
Désolée de ne pas être passée plus tôt pour vous saluer,
Vous allez manquer pendant longtemps, Bon voyage à vous et à Cathy, bonheur à vous. Souvenirs et amitiés sincères.

Bayram hocam muhteşem kelimesi bille az gelir bu kareye:) Elinize sağlık. Bol sürüngenli tatil ve araziler dilerim. İmrendim. Keşke ben de gelebilseydim:(
Saygılar hocam.

  • Great 
  • meyerd Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 585 W: 64 N: 2238] (7531)
  • [2010-06-18 11:50]

Hi Bayram,
farewell, have a good trip, and come back to TN to tell us about your finds!
Best regards

Hello Bayram,
Exceptional capture with outstanding focus and clarity.
Lovely details and excellent composition.

perfect sharpness (as usual), greetigns Ori

Hello Bayram,

I'm sad to hear of your departure. You've contributed mightily here, and will be missed by many. Your departing photo is a fine one, as would be expected from you.

Thank you for your support and friendship!

Your friend,

Teşekkürler hocam...

Hello Bayram,

This is a great portret of this beautiful snake, it looks like it was redy to its meal,also great colors and fine details.Thanks for sharing.

Have a wonderful day,

Hocam harika bir fotoğraf olmuş yine herzamanki gibi,
45 gün çok uzun bir süre sizi çok özlicez.
Dilerim çalışmanız çok verimli geçer.

I've been away from the site for the most part Bayram.
Profile says you're leaving back in in April, but this is June?
I too left a bit angry, but it was admittedly a mistake.
Sometimes we all need to step back and take that long look..

Brings to mind that old Beatle song "Hello Goodbye" ;)
You remember, it goes like this:

"You say yes, I say no.
You say stop and I say go go go, oh no.
You say goodbye and I say hello
Hello hello
I don’t know why you say goodbye, I say hello"
Great shot BTW :)

  • Great 
  • krall Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Note Writer [C: 190 W: 0 N: 47] (1286)
  • [2010-07-08 5:15]

Çok iyi Bayram ağbi. .

I feel bad that you're not here right now, Big Bro, but I do hope you're achieving what you set out to do.
I'm still at a loss, I saw so much suffering that my sister went through, and am still stunned by her death.
This is a lovely shot, the head is in perfect focus!
PS: Thanks for your kind words in my previous post, and come back soon, Big Bro!

Hello Bayram,

a great close up from this snake with good pov and bg.
Fine colours.
About a week i go for 3 weeks on holylyday.


Hellow Bayram,
A great diagonal perspective of this smooth snake with nice clarity and good sharp focus clearly showing the eye and mouth and the scale shapes.Have a pleasant Sunday.

Selam My Dear friend,
A nice captured portrait of this beautiful smooth snake. Very well composed with sharp details. Thanks a lot for sharing.

To get a good focus like this on a snake is amazing my friend Bayram You have uploaded many great pictures and some well written notes for us in TN. Happy New Year to you and your love ones and may 2011 brings you good health, prosperity and many great photos. Kind regards - Jusni

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