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Couple de Zerynthia polyxena

Couple de Zerynthia polyxena
Photo Information
Copyright: Seyfi Karaman (KOMSIS) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 820 W: 0 N: 2419] (10674)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2010-04-23
Categories: Insects
Exposure: f/10.0, 1/320 seconds
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version, Workshop
Date Submitted: 2016-04-08 5:36
Viewed: 2044
Points: 16
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Zerynthia polyxena , (Denis&Schiffermüller, 1775)
The Southern Festoon

Turkish Name: Güneyli Fisto Kelebeği

Distribution in Turkey: Usually in the north, the Black Sea and the Marmara coast were observed. Mainly wet meadows near woodland and open woodland with heavy undergrowth.

Distribution in the world: Southern France over Italy and eastwards to Slovakia, Austria, Greece covering all the Balkan peninsula , Turkey . Ukraine, Kazakhstan and the Southern Urals.

Living Area: Mostly it is below around 1000 meters. Sunny slopes of and foothills. Mainly wet meadows near woodland and open woodland with heavy undergrowth; sometimes near cultivated areas.

Flight time: During the year, one generation develops. Mid-March to late April in low-lying areas ; Late May June at higher altitudes.

Food Plants of the caterpillar: Caterpillars, Aristolochia sp-(Birthwort) plants are fed up with.

Description-Notes: Type locality : Wien. While flying butterflies, but this type is very similar to other white butterflies flying more irregular. On the edges of the hindwings they have a series of blue and red warning spots to deter potential predators. The basic color of the wings is yellow. Extremely wavy black submarginal lines on both wings give a strongly scalloped look. Broad black bars extend across the width of forewing cell. Note the two red bars within forewing cell.> The body is dark brown and bears red patches on the sides of the abdomen. The females have slightly longer wings, usually lighter colored than males.

Wingspan: 50-60 mm long.

The origin of the name: In Greek mythology, Polyxena (Greek: Πολυξένη) was the youngest daughter of King Priam of Trojan and his queen, Hecuba. A Trojan story. Achilles, Polyxena married ..

Endangerment : Endangered.
Endangerment factors: Zerynthia polyxena is more and more endangered due to the loss of mesophilic, extensively managed open land and edges (intensification, overbuilding, bush encroachment, afforestation) and the few remaining wetlands, especially in the peripheral.

Similar Species:
• Spanish Festoon - Zerynthia rumina, (Linnaeus, 1758)
• Italian Festoon- Zerynthia cassandra, (Geyer, [1828])
• Eastern Festoon - Zerynthia cerisyi,(Godart, 1824)
• Cretan Festoon – Zerynthia cretica,(Rebel, 1904)
• Caucasian Festoon – Zerynthia caucasica,(Lederer, 1864)


1. Baytas A., 2007. A field guide to the butterflies of Turkey, NTV Yayinlari, Istanbul.18 pp.
2. Lepidoptera Caucasi : >>http://www.babochki-kavkaza.ru/index.php/papilionidae/227-zerynthia-polyxena/277-zerynthia-polyxena.html
3. EuroButterflies »Matt Rowling : >> http://www.eurobutterflies.com/sp/polyxena.php
4. Butterflies Watching & Photography Society in Turkey :>> http://www.adamerkelebek.org/GozlemFoto.asp?Durum=7&FamilyaId=2&CinsId=11&TurID=26
5. Lepiforum.de :>> http://www.lepiforum.de/lepiwiki.pl?Zerynthia_Polyxena
6. Wolfgang Wagner:>> http://www.pyrgus.de/Zerynthia_polyxena_en.html
7. UK Butterflies:>>http://www.ukbutterflies.co.uk/species.php?species=polyxena
8. Anonymous Butterflies of Turkey :>> http://www.trakel.org/kelebekler/[email protected]&tur=G%C3%BCneyli%20Fisto
9. Moths and Butterflies of Europe: >>http://www.leps.it/indexjs.htm?SpeciesPages/ZerynPolyx.htm


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Critiques [Translate]

  • Great 
  • PeterZ Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5137 W: 166 N: 13121] (49139)
  • [2016-04-08 6:23]

Hello Seyfi,
very beautiful picture of these mating butterflies. Splendid colors in superb sharpness and details. Nice to see the hanging pose. A beauty!
Have a good weekend,

Hello Seyfi,
Nice to see theses Southern Festoon couple. Very good details and color. I like BG and eye level POV too.
Thanks for sharing with informative NOTE,
Regards and have a nice WE,

  • Great 
  • lousat Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6595 W: 89 N: 15659] (65489)
  • [2016-04-08 9:53]

Hi Seyfi,i'm very jealous of your pic,this is absolutely fantastic! A very lucky meeting with this specie that i never seen live,a mating moment taken with impressive sharpness everywhere,2 points are not enough.Have a nice weekend and thanks,Luciano

Hello Seyfi

Beautiful photo of these lovers in action, with fine POV,
great focus, sharpness, details, and contrast, TFS


Hello Seyfi, amazing markings!!
Two very beautiful butterflies with markings so intricate that they seem almost unbelievable. I would love to see these gems some day in the wild. Tac sharp focus and composed in an attractive manner. Photographing them in a mating pose is an added bonus. To me the white balance seems just a bit off, but I could be mistaken as you know what you saw.

hallo Seyfi
very nice picture with beautiful colours and good details
thanks gr lou

Hello Seyfi,
a very clear and well detailed capture of a couple of Z. polyxena in copula, showing their amazingly bizarre shapes and patterns just perfectly. Congratulations!
With best regards,

Ciao Seyfi, great macro of fantastic maiting couple, wonderful colors, fine details and splendid sharpness, very well done, my friend, ciao Silvio

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