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Papilio alexanor

Papilio alexanor
Photo Information
Copyright: Seyfi Karaman (KOMSIS) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 820 W: 0 N: 2419] (10674)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2019-06-16
Categories: Insects
Camera: Nikon D850, Sigma 150mm f/2.8 APO MACRO EX DG OS, HOYA HD UV 72 mm
Exposure: f/8, 1/1000 seconds
Photo Version: Original Version, Workshop
Date Submitted: 2019-09-27 7:34
Viewed: 472
Points: 14
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Altitude : 2140 meters
Papilio alexanor, (Esper,1800)

Common Name: The Southern Swallowtail / Baluchi Yellow Swallowtail

Turkish Name: Kaplan Kırlangıçkuyruk Kelebeği

Distribution in Turkey: This butterfly has a rare and local distribution in all regions except Thrace and the Western Black Sea.

Distribution in the world: The distribution is now split up like islands in Europe: Provence and a few spots in the adjacent NW-Italy, Southern Italy (northern Sicily and Aspromonte), Croatia, the southern Balkan Peninsula. Furthermore, Papilio alexanor occurs across Asia Minor and Israel to Pakistan, Afghanistan and Kazakhstan.

Living Area: It inhabits open mountain steppe slopes up to 2500 metres. Hot dry flowery mountain slopes.

Flight time: For a year one generation is developing. Late May-early July in coastal Mediterranean, June-July in the interior July to late August in northeast.

Food Plants of the caterpillar: Caterpillars feed mainlly Fennels (Ferula sp) in parsley family (Apiaceae)

Description-Notes: Typical area, "Mice en Provence" [Nice, France]. It is a very large and extremely beautiful butterfly. A bright yellow with black stripes and a long tail, blackish hindwing postmodeia n band has continuous blue filling. Yellow forewing basal area, conspicuous black siscodial bar on hindwing and a continius yellow submarginal band on forewing distinguish it from other swallowtails.

Front Wing Lenght: 70-80 mm long.

Origin of name: Mythological-Alexanor (Ancient Greek: εξάλεξάνωρ) was the son of Machaon and his grandfather, the grandson of the Greek god Asclepius, who built a temple at the Titan summit in the Sicyon region.

Endangerment factors : Papilio alexanor is threatened at the sometimes overgrazing, tourism and in some places also through intensification (vineyards, etc.).

Similar Species:
• Scarce Swallowtail – Iphiclides podalirius (Linnaeus, 1758)


1. Baytas A., 2007. A field guide to the butterflies of Turkey, NTV Yayinlari, Istanbul.22 pp.
2. Lepidoptera Caucasi: http://www.babochki-kavkaza.ru/index.php/papilionidae/228-papilio-alexanor/278-papilio-alexanor.html
3. Butterflies Watching & Photography Society in Turkey :
4.Anonymous Butterflies of Turkey:
http://www.trakel.org/kelebekler/[email protected]&tur=Kaplan%20K%C4%B1rlang%C4%B1%C3%A7kuyruk
5. Moths and Butterflies of Europe: https://www.leps.it/indexjs.htm?SpeciesPages/PapilAlex.htm
6. Wolfgang Wagner: http://www.pyrgus.de/Papilio_alexanor_en.html


pierrefonds, Hormon_Manyer, mamcg has marked this note useful
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Critiques [Translate]

  • Great 
  • lousat Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6595 W: 89 N: 15659] (65489)
  • [2019-09-27 13:02]

Waaw!!! A species that lives in small areas of Italy too but that i never seen. Fantastic capture as usual,a fresh one with all the 2 tails and bright colors too,wonderful shot!! have a nice evening and thanks,Luciano

Hi Seyfi,

The subject is well framed. The point of view is showing the details of the Alexanor butterfly. The light is enhancing the beauty of the colors. Have a nice day.


Hi Seyfi bey,
Good to see you and your extraordinary photos on TN again. Please come more regularly... Fantastic shot of a butterfly, which is a closed relative of our well-known swallowtail, but belongs to a different species. Sharpness is breathtaking, and together with the classical composition they immediately bring home the bacon. ☺ Absolutely the photo of the day for me! Bravo!
Kind regards from Ireland, László

Ciao Seyfi, great macro of fantastic butterfly, wonderful colors, splendid sharpness and fine details, very well done, my friend, ciao Silvio

  • Great 
  • mamcg Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 333 W: 13 N: 91] (9843)
  • [2019-09-29 8:14]

My eyes scroll left right that compare both wings and it is well balanced in every thing and may say a superb shot, TFS.

Excellent butterfly and excellent capture.

  • Great 
  • periko Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 70 W: 2 N: 145] (1487)
  • [2019-10-05 17:20]

Hi Seyfi
Beautiful colors and shape. Perfect exposure, sharpness and dof.

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