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Orange Tip (Female)-I

Orange Tip (Female)-I
Photo Information
Copyright: yildiz banu pek (star74) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 211 W: 3 N: 598] (2474)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2007-02-17
Categories: Insects
Camera: Nikon D70S, Nikkor 70-300mm f/4~f/5.6G
Exposure: f/11, 1/500 seconds
Details: (Fill) Flash: Yes
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version, Workshop
Theme(s): Beautiful Butterflies [view contributor(s)]
Date Submitted: 2007-02-17 10:00
Viewed: 4947
Points: 50
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Orange Tip (Female)
Kingdom: Animalia

Division: Rhopalocera

Phylum: Arthropoda

Class: Insecta

Order: Lepidoptera

Family: Pieridae

Subfamily: Pierinae

Tribe: Anthocharini

Genus: Anthocharis

Species: A. cardamines

Binomial name
Anthocharis cardamines

So named because of the male's bright orange tips to his forwings. The males are a common sight in spring flying along hedgerows and damp meadows in search of the more reclusive female which lacks the orange and is often mistaken for one of the other 'White' butterflies. The undersides are mottled green and white and create a superb camouflage when settled on flowerheads such as Cow Parsley and Garlic Mustard Alliaria petiolata. The male is able to hide his orange tips by tucking the forwings behind the hindwings at rest. If you look closely at the mottling you will see that the green colour is in fact made up of a mixture of black and yellow scales. It is found across Europe, and eastwards into temperate Asia as far as Japan. The past 30 years has seen a rapid increase in the range of the Orange Tip in the UK particularly in Scotland and Ireland, probably in response to climate change.

The female lays eggs singly on the flowerheads of Cuckooflower Cardimine pratensis and Garlic Mustard and many other species of wild Crucifers. Females are attracted to larger flowers, such as Hesperis matronalis, even though some such species are poor larval hosts. Selection of foodplants is triggered by the presence of mustard oils, which are detected by chemosensory hairs on the fore-legs. Reproductive rate of females appears to be limited by difficulties in finding suitable hosts. As a consequence, the species has evolved to use a wide range of crucifers. The eggs are white to begin with but change to a bright orange after a few days before darkening off just before hatching. Because the larvae feed almost exclusively on the flowers and developing seedpods there is rarely enough food to support more than one larvae per plant. If two larvae meet one will often be eaten by the other to eliminate its competitor. Newly hatched larvae will also eat unhatched eggs for the same reason. To stop eggs from being laid on plants already laid on the female leaves a pheromone to deter future females from laying. There are five larval instars. The green and white caterpillar is attacked by several natural enemies (notably Tachinid flies and Braconid wasps). Pupation occurs in early summer in scrubby vegetation near the foodplant, where they stay to emerge the following spring. Recent research suggests that the emergence of the butterfly may be delayed for as much as two years, thus ensuring the species against unfavourable conditions in a given season.


Necipp, extramundi, Debz, Alex99, RAP, phlr, vanderschelden, izler, coasties, horia, saeedabbasi, dew77, ramthakur, scottevers7, peter_stoeckl, fiyo, volkan has marked this note useful
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ThreadThread Starter Messages Updated
To horia: Hi,star74 1 02-18 05:14
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Critiques [Translate]

Merhaba Yildiz cok tatli bir kelebek cok guzel cikmis ve renkler super selamlar Necip

Lovely capture of this little fellow.
I like how you kept all the details but witht a moody atmosphere.
Great composition and BG. Nice work!

  • Great 
  • Argus Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5038 W: 260 N: 15594] (50626)
  • [2007-02-17 10:46]

Hello Yildiz,
Nice flash capture of this female Orange Tip. This is sharp and well composed with not too dark BG.
We have to wait Two more months before we see our Orange Tips in Sweden.
TFS and best wishes, ivan

  • Great 
  • jmp Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1659 W: 95 N: 2273] (8415)
  • [2007-02-17 11:59]

Hi Yildiz,
Wonderful colours, exposure, focus, pov, bg, pose and composition. I like to see how similar is to Bath White of the same family!
Tfs, José M.

Hi Yildiz,
Wonderful shot. Superb colours and sharpness. The POV and DOF are also great. You have captured a perrfect posture. Kudos.


I am surprised to see how different an orange tip looks in your country compared to what I find in India. Well taken. TFS.

Murali Santhanam

  • Great 
  • Debz Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 505 W: 0 N: 847] (3307)
  • [2007-02-17 13:42]

This is a lovely shot with pretty colours. Details are very sharp and it is a great composition, very good DOF which makes the Butterfly pop out of the background.


  • Great 
  • Alex99 Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 4072 W: 133 N: 7096] (23735)
  • [2007-02-17 13:51]

Hi Yildiz.
What a nice "fluffy" butterfly. Excellent green colour palette, composition and details of the insect and butterfly. BG is very nice too as well as very pleasant to eyes and rather effective soft lighting. My compliments and TFS.

Hola Yildiz.
Una preciosa foto,con bellos colores.Saludos.

  • Great 
  • RAP Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 2524 W: 345 N: 2373] (7405)
  • [2007-02-17 15:57]

Excelente captura Yildiz con intensos colores, gran foco y agudeza realzados por el perfecto trasfondo de la escena, contrastante y difuso.
Me gusta el punto de vista captado y encuadre con la flor bien abajo dentro de la escena.
Por qué usaste flash en este caso con una velocidad de 1/500?.
Hermosa entrega... TFS.
Selamlar... Ricardo

Excellent capture Yildiz with intense colors, great focus and sharpness enhanced by the perfect background of the scene, contrasting and diffuse.
I like the captured point of view and framing with the flower very low inside the scene.
Why did you use flash in this case with a speed of 1/500?.
Beautiful post... TFS.
Selamlar... Ricardo

Never saw thisspecies.
Well photographed...
TFS Yildiz

Hi Yildiz

A lovely shot with nice light. Good POV, clear and sharp. Nice work. :-)

Hi Yildiz

Another beautiful butterfly macro here from you!
The hairs on its body and head are wonderfully visible and the colors and patterns are terrific!
The DOF is also great - blurring out the BG very nicely and the side POV is excellent.
Perhaps just a very bit underexposed, but still a charming composition. (i added a WS about this...hope you don't mind :) )

Bravo and TFS

Hi yildiz ,
very nice image with excellent details.
great focus and nice colours.
BG is great.
well composed.
excellent work.
thanks and regrads

Hello Yildiz,
This is a very furry little friend! I think he is so beautiful! I like those great details, exposure composition and beautiful colors. This is a good use of flash too with excellent BG. Well done! Thanks,

  • Great 
  • dew77 Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 4432 W: 248 N: 4028] (13270)
  • [2007-02-18 8:57]

Merhaba Yildiz,
Yine bu yılın mahsulü olan güzel bir kelebek makrosu.Işık,detaylar,arka plan ve kadraj mükemmel.Selamlar,ellerine sağlık!

Thanks for dropping by and leaving your coment on my recent picture, Yildiz.
In addition to the soft corner I have developed now for all Nikon users, this is a wonderful capture of this butterfly :-).
Great POV, sharp focus rich colours and lovely composition.

Hi Yildiz,
WOW that is an awesome shot! Excellent frame filling composition. Great fill flash exposure has the colors and detail looking superb.
Well done!

  • Great 
  • fiyo Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 1053 W: 5 N: 3475] (15161)
  • [2007-02-19 11:50]

Merhaba Yıldız hanım,
Çok güzel bir düzenleme ve netlik. Tür olarak da çok hoşuma gitti. Ellerinize sağlık, selamlar..

  • Great 
  • izler Gold Star Critiquer [C: 1387 W: 3 N: 9] (44)
  • [2007-02-19 12:22]

selam star
bizim oralarda demek bu da varmis. oldukca da guzel ve ilginc bir kelebek. kompozisyonu, bakis acisi, derinlik hissi, renkleri ve detaylari basarili olmus
eline saglik

  • Great 
  • volkan Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor [C: 497 W: 10 N: 4] (2425)
  • [2007-02-19 15:03]

Vay vay vay bu güzelliği yakaladın ve bana söylemedin ha?.Bu türü Adana'da ilk defa sayende görmüş oluyoruz.Lakin havaların bizim buralarda yazı aratmaması konusunda çok şanslıyız.Nikon D70s'ye çabuk alıştın.Flash kullanımın çok iyi bir seçim.
Tebrikler ,-)

Hello Yildiz,
nicely composed close-up of the female orange tip in beautiful, well shaping soft light. Good to see the furry coat of that butterfly of spring, and the mixture of yellow and black scales of the patterns that perfectly mix into the distant impression of green.
With thanks, and best regards,

  • Great 
  • Maite Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 998 W: 65 N: 1270] (5199)
  • [2007-02-25 5:44]

Hello Yildiz
Wonderful picture!! Excellent sharpness, lighting, DOF, colors, and composition!!
Nevertheless I must say that this butterfly is not Antocharis cardamines, but Euchloe ausonia. They are very similar and it is easy to mix them up.
A gorgeous job anyway.
My compliments and thank you very much for sharing.
Best regards

  • Great 
  • wuta Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 855 W: 2 N: 617] (2142)
  • [2007-04-11 13:08]

Hello Yildiz , Fantastic picture from the orange tip , good sharpnes details colours pof and dof ar very good and framing ,tfs Greetings Teunie .

Renkler,kadraj ve renkler hepsi harika

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