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Black Capped Chickadee


Black Capped Chickadee
Photo Information
Copyright: Denis Mark (dmark11) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 195 W: 9 N: 655] (2633)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2010-10-17
Categories: Birds
Exposure: f/5.6, 1/250 seconds
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2010-10-25 19:43
Viewed: 2927
Points: 10
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
(Poecile atricapillus)

I was putting off posting this because there is a few Chickdee pictures around, but I thought what the heck. A rather abundant, and trutsting species. They are a year round resident of Canada.

Cheers
Denis.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Black-capped Chickadee

Species: P. atricapillus

Binomial name
Poecile atricapillus
(Linnaeus, 1766)
Synonyms
Parus atricapillus

The Black-capped Chickadee (Poecile atricapillus) is a small, common songbird, a passerine bird in the tit family Paridae. It is the state bird of both Maine and Massachusetts, and the provincial bird of New Brunswick in Canada.



Description
The Black-capped Chickadee has a black cap and bib with white sides to the face. Its underparts are white with rusty brown on the flanks and its back is gray. It has a short dark bill, short wings and a long tail. Males are larger. The tail is normally primarily slate-gray but has been observed in central New Jersey in 2008 to be completely white and seemingly longer and more prominent than the normal gray tail. At least one other such white tail has been observed as a documented change occurring in one individual (banded) bird. [1]
Distribution and habitat
The breeding habitat of the Black-capped Chickadee is mixed or deciduous woods in Canada, Alaska and the northern United States. The Black-capped and Carolina chickadees are extremely similar visually, but distinguishable by subtle differences. They were formerly thought to be easily distinguished by call, but the two species often learn each others vocalizations where their ranges overlap. A bird located near the zone of overlap that sings both songs, or sings "odd-sounding" songs, cannot be positively identified in the field[1]. Their point of overlap is a narrow band that runs along the east-central United States.

Behavior
They are permanent residents, but sometimes move south within their range in winter. On cold winter nights, these birds reduce their body temperature by up to 10-12 °C to conserve energy.

During the fall migration and winter, chickadees often flock together. Many other species of birds – including titmice, nuthatches, and warblers – can often be found foraging in these flocks. Mixed flocks stay together because the chickadees call out whenever they find a good source of food. This calling-out forms cohesion for the group, allowing the other birds to find food more efficiently. When flocking, Black-capped Chickadees soon establish a rigid social hierarchy.

In sparsely populated rural or forested areas, chickadees are often less wary than in urban settings. They may be observed exhibiting a sense of curiosity about the unfamiliar human activity within their habitat.

Vocalization
The vocalizations of the Black-capped Chickadees are highly complex (Ficken et al., 1978). 13 distinct types of vocalizations have been classified, many of which are complex and can communicate different types of information. Chickadees' complex vocalizations are likely an evolutionary adaptation to their habitat: they live and feed in dense vegetation, and even when the flock is close together, individual birds tend to be out of each others' visual range

Pitoncle, CatherineD has marked this note useful
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To FunkyMunky: chickadeedmark11 1 10-26 21:55
To heimann2: chickadeedmark11 1 10-26 21:51
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Critiques [Translate]

Hi Denis,
Nice image, great composition, lights, colors, OK sharpness on and around the bird's head. DoF isn't the most satisfying, probably due to the relatively big aperture (f/5.6). Probably smaller (f/10 or so) would work better. Otherwise (if we discount the total lack of note) a good image.
Tfs, best regards, László

Hi Denis,
even if these birds are very common in your country - a nice picture is always pleasant to look at. Good composition and colours. Seems as if the bird is thinking about something or about the fotographer!
TFS
Pierre

This bird looks so tiny! Very well captured, nice and sharp, you have the glint bin the eye and the blurred background, well done!

Bonjour Denis,
Agréable publication valorisant bien le sujet sous un bon angle de prise de vue et une excellente profondeur de champ.
A bientôt sur TN pour de nouvelles aventures.
Gérard

Hi Denis,
Very cute capture of this Black-capped Chickadee. Excellent management of light, beautiful blurred background and sharp details. Very tiny beak and nice eye contact. Well done! Cheers,
Catherine

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