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Bugle boy

Bugle boy
Photo Information
Copyright: Denis Mark (dmark11) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 195 W: 9 N: 655] (2633)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2011-09-17
Categories: Mammals
Camera: Canon EOS 60D, 100-400 4.5-5.6L, 77mm UV
Exposure: f/8, 1/320 seconds
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2011-10-02 6:16
Viewed: 4613
Points: 42
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
The Wapiti (Cervus elaphus) is the second largest (after the moose), most highly evolved cursorial Old World DEER. It is also known as the American elk. Its name wapiti is Shawnee for "white rump." Genetically it belongs to the Asiatic red deer, which split per-Pleistocene from the European red deer (Cervus elaphus) and is thus only distantly related to the latter.

Distribution and Habitat
Before 1492 wapiti are relatively rare in the fossil record, but rapidly grew in abundance after the demise of North America's human populations from Eurasian diseases and genocide. They reached their maximum geographic range well before 1800. By 1835, however, the wapiti had disappeared from their eastern range (Ontario and Québec) through over hunting. They were re-introduced into Ontario, where they are thriving. They went extinct in Alberta prior to 1913, but were reintroduced from Yellowstone National Park (in the central northwestern United States) by 1917. There are scattered populations east of the Rockies in Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba. They are found along the Rockies in British Columbia as well as on Vancouver Island and a small population introduced to the coast. A small introduced population is also found in Yukon.
Wapiti are social, tending toward life in open terrain. In North America they are found in widely different habitats. In Asia they are confined largely to the sub-alpine, constricted in distribution by other red deer subspecies. Males and females segregate, with females maximizing security from predation and stags maximizing access to forage. Stags are about 10% heavier than hinds.

Reproduction and Development
In rut, stags advertise with loud, clear bugling (the most vocal deer in Canada), and by soaking themselves with urine. Dominant wapiti stags form their respective female harems. The gestation period is relatively long, some 240 days; calves are born in June.

Relationship with Humans
Wapiti are an important game animal today. Although valued for its hide by Native people, the wapiti was not a favourite food animal and played apparently no great role in Aboriginal economics. Wapiti have been semi-domesticated in Siberia and China, where the antlers are used for medicinal purposes. Game-ranched elk have spread chronic wasting disease into western Canada from imports from the United States.

pegos, maaciejka, PaulLees, ana974, maurydv, marius-secan, BREARD, paolo49, Pitoncle, PeakXV, bungbing, tuslaw, anel has marked this note useful
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Critiques [Translate]

  • Great 
  • pegos Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 222 W: 0 N: 356] (1982)
  • [2011-10-02 6:52]

Another composition really splendid, Denis!
Great sharpness, details and light; beautiful colours and great time taken. Very well done!
Thanks for sharing

Hi Denis,
amazing photo. Great point of view. Nice natural colours. This is true nature!
Thanks for shairng,

  • Great 
  • PeterZ Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5137 W: 166 N: 13121] (49139)
  • [2011-10-02 7:38]

Hello Denis,
Fantastic photo of this Wapiti in all aspects. Very beautiful natural surroundngs. Perfect timing.

Ciao Denis, great capture of superb macro, creature, splendid light and wonderful natural colors, very well done my friend, ciao Silvio

Hi Denis, what a delightful image of this ominous looking Elk, fabulous posture and clearly howling for a mate hmmm, good exposure/white balance considering the time of day, nice and sharp with the bonus highlighted eye, great job Peter and very well done,
Best Regards,


Hello Denis!
Do you know what your pic make me think about? These naturalistic paintings of a time when photography had not yet appeared. Do you don´t agree with me? Well, this is a compliment!!! This capture is terrific! I love so much the pastel colors and the autumnal atmosphere.Lovely! Bravo! TFS
Nice week!

Hallo Denis,
another very beautiful image of this marvellous Elk taken from an excellent point of view in a spectacular posture, very good sharpness
Best regards

hello Denis
a beauty of a picture with good details and beautiful colours
thanks greeting lou

Hello Denis,
What a lovely capture.
Exceptional composition with superb natural colors, very good details and sharpness.
First class image....

  • Great 
  • zetu Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 967 W: 26 N: 3888] (16941)
  • [2011-10-02 11:48]

wow! amazing capture and scene
thanks for sharing

  • Great 
  • BREARD Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 106 W: 1 N: 419] (2141)
  • [2011-10-02 22:00]

Bonjour Denis,
J'aimerais faire ce type de rencontre dans nos forêt, mais, bien entendu, ce ne serais pas un Wapiti mais un Cerf.
Belle image

hello Denis
very nice picture
great details lovely pose and beautiful colours
thanks greeting Paolo

Bonjour Denis,
Très belle posture du sujet superbement mise en scène.
A bientôt sur TN pour de nouvelles aventures.

Hello Denis,
Amazing capture! I like especially the details, sharpness, colours and composition. Also great timing. Well done!

  • Great 
  • PeakXV Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 121 W: 0 N: 544] (3135)
  • [2011-10-03 19:48]

Hello Denis,

Perfect timing for this animated composition. The bg scenery is really 'big country' spectacular. I was in Banff in the '90s & they wandering all around town ... couldn't believe my eyes. They sure a beautiful animal & you have captured this professionally. Very well taken!!



Impressive photo of an impressive animal Denis! Very good POV, excellent composition, wonderful BG and good sharpness.

Hi Denis,
Another beautiful picture of this impressive animal, excellent details sharpness, lovely natural setting and beautiful natural colours, a very well captured,
Thanks for sharing and have a nice week,
Best Regards,

  • Great 
  • siggi Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3097 W: 109 N: 12399] (52850)
  • [2011-10-04 11:13]

Hello Denis.
Just a lovely and perfect scene of pure nature. Wonderful picture! Great work.
Best regards Siggi

  • Great 
  • tuslaw Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 2754 W: 282 N: 4931] (19883)
  • [2011-10-04 19:05]

Hello Denis,
What an awesome looking Bull Elk image, and captured in such a majestic pose. Outstanding detail and gorgeous natural coloration. The beautiful scenery compliments the main subject and is a real bonus.
We don't have elk here in Ohio, so this is a special treat just to view.

  • Great 
  • anel Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 3053 W: 3 N: 8715] (40574)
  • [2011-10-08 2:36]

Hello Denis,
You have been in the wild..and met quite impressive creatures! I just wonder if you were in a car or on feet when you took the different shots.
I must say I'm a little bit afraid of these big animals. Once I was just two meters away of a huge stag( he hadn't seen me on a snow-covered slope) and I tell you I think I was more afraid than him.
Very vivid and natural shot.
Have a nice weekend
Kind regards

Hi Denis,
A pity you aren't on the site anymore. Please reconsider your decision and come back to TN. This is a photo with marvellous composition, beautiful eye contact with and pose of the wapiti, plus I also like the choice of background very much. Spectacular and elegant capture. Bravo.
Have a prosperous 2013, best regards, László

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