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Plain Tiger

Plain Tiger
Photo Information
Copyright: Pam Russell (coasties) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3749 W: 483 N: 8155] (28054)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2006-06-04
Categories: Insects
Camera: Canon EOS 20D, Canon EF 100-400mm L IS USM, Digital RAW 200, Hoya UV 77mm
Details: (Fill) Flash: Yes
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2006-06-06 3:34
Viewed: 3683
Points: 50
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Danaus chrysippus

Common Name: African Monarch, Plain Tiger

Description: Wingspan 60-80 mm. The sexes are similar. The male can be identified by the scent patch on the second vein of the hind wing. On the upper side, it appears as a large black patch towards the center of the wing, and on the underside, as a white centered black patch.

There are three different forms of the Plain Tiger, of which the commonest is shown here. The other two forms are rare. Form dorippus lacks the white apical spots on the forewing. In form alcippoides, the upper side of the hind wing is suffused with a large white area. The latter form is exceptionally rare in Sri Lanka, and has been recorded on only a few occasions.

Similar species: Female Danaid Eggfly - The wing margins are serrated and the upper side of the hind wing carries a single black spot. A remarkably good mimic of the Plain Tiger and has forms that correspond to form Dorippus and Alcippoides, which are just as rare.

Status, distribution and habitat: A common butterfly of the arid, dry and intermediate zones, less commonly encountered in the wet zone. Its habitats include fallow land, coastal dunes, scrub jungle, neglected coconut lands and farmsteads. In fact, anywhere in which its principal larval food plant, Calotropis gigantea, grows. It is seen all year round but never in large numbers.

Habits: It has a characteristic slow meandering flight and moves forward with a few wing beats followed by a spell of gliding. Although it flies at all heights, it is commonly encountered within a few feet above ground. Unlike the other Danaids in the island which fly in dappled shade, the Plain Tiger is an insect of the blazing sun and prefers to stay around large open fields, even during the hottest time of the day when others have retired to the shady thickets. It visits flowers regularly for nectar. The male is not particularly fond of visiting mud puddles or wet soil. As evening approaches, it often congregates with other Danaids to roost under the canopy of large trees.

This is an unpalatable poisonous species, avoided both by birds and lizards. The chemical substances that deter the predators are mostly assimilated by the larva and then passed on to the adult through the pupa.

The above obtained from http://www.srilankaninsects.net/butterflies/Danaidae/PlainTiger/PlainTiger.htm


Camera: Canon 20D
Time of day: 2:31 p.m.
Date: 4th June 2006
Weather conditions: Inside Tropical Butterfly House
Lens: Canon 100-400mm L IS
Filter: Hoya 77mm UV
Shutter Speed: 1/60
F-Stop: F/5.6
Focal Length: 400mm
ISO: 200
External Flash: Canon 580EX Speedlite
Support: Hand Held
Original file type: Digital Raw

soccer, dew77, aido, timonejoon, TAZ, scottevers7, firelord, marhowie, ramthakur, ellis49, wallhalla15, hekcik, jchemas, Dando, cecilia, pilonm, thistle, phlr has marked this note useful
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Critiques [Translate]


A wonderfully composed pic that displays great DOF, POV and BG. The pic is sharp and detailed and overall, I can say that it is great work. TFS,

  • Great 
  • dew77 Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 4432 W: 248 N: 4028] (13270)
  • [2006-06-06 3:58]

Hello Pam,
Wonderful butterfly close up.POV,colors,details and composition are perfect.TFS..:-)

Belle composition, avec un beau cadrage et une netteté parfaite

Amitiés !

  • Great 
  • aido Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor [C: 1044 W: 156 N: 1218] (4046)
  • [2006-06-06 5:44]

Hi Pam,
Lovely shot, excellent detail, great POV to frame against the split background like that. Good colours, DOF and great exposure. A fine piece of work.

Hi Pam

briliant, i like it. nice shot with perfect DOF.
well done


The 20D has done an excellent job here.
This is so clear and sharp, just beautiful.
Saw these guys in Thialand, a huge flock in an open area in one of the national parks we went to, stunning.
Superb image.

Hi Pam,
An excellent shot on this Plain Tiger Butterfly. The composition and framing on this look superb. Nicely isolated. Spot on fill flash exposure has rendered beautiful subtle colors and sharp detail. Topped off with a perfect OOF backround.

  • Great 
  • TAZ Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 2241 W: 47 N: 3167] (10926)
  • [2006-06-06 7:20]

What a smart Monarch that you have very well captured ! Perfect DOF for a soft BG and a good contrast of the butterfly. Colors, exposure and sharpness are great. The complementary note is also :-)
Congratulations Pam and thanks for sharing.

Hi Pam,
Interesting comp. & split frame..
Very nice color, exposure, DOF, and sharpness...
Well done!

I have deep affection for this species since it is the only one I ever saw and shot here in the desert :-)
Great image!

Hi Pam,
this is a great close-up with simply but lovely colours.
The composition and POV are vert nice.
The details and sharpness are great.
Excellent work.

Great macro Pam.
Colorfull with very good sharpness and very good details. Very good job.
Well done.

  • Great 
  • emmari Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 105 W: 0 N: 387] (3105)
  • [2006-06-06 16:18]

Very relevant composition! Sharpness and colors are very good. it's a great job.

Hi Pam,

My humble apologies, no time for critique now, will come back to rectify.


Great butterfly take Pam.
Incredible colors and details.
Excellent POV and BG.
Great frame.

  • Great 
  • EOSF1 Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1393 W: 119 N: 5267] (23955)
  • [2006-06-06 23:14]

Absolutely gorgeous shot Pam, perfect in every way ! Congrats and thanks.


  • Great 
  • Dando Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor [C: 637 W: 32 N: 792] (3084)
  • [2006-06-07 5:04]

Hi Pam,

Great shot, excellent exposure and colours. Also good POV which makes it a well composed shot. Also good use of the flah. Well done and TFS.


Perfect! Love this, Pam.

Stunning indeed, Lovely detail and composition. Really stands out.
Well taken...

  • Great 
  • pilonm Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 588 W: 90 N: 975] (3321)
  • [2006-06-07 15:09]

Hello Pam,

Fantastic picture of this little butterfly! Look at the wings design: Wow!!! POV, dof, nice bg, exposition and details cannot be better!!! Very well done!!! and TFS,


Very beautiful capture! The exposure is dynamite Pam. Both colors and details look great. Well done. :)

Hello Pam,
Lovely shot! I like the vertical framing a lot. The lighting and details are perfect. Picture has lovely colours too!

Hello Pam!
Plain but impressive shot of this plain tiger! Beautiful butterfly captured beautifully! Correct pov, great focusing and sharpness on the tiger. Great bg also! Especially I like the vertical framing a lot! Congratulations and thank you!

Absolutely fantastic capture, very sharp nice BG. Well exposed for black and white. Do not normally like fancy borders but this one compliments the butterfly well.Good job.

  • Great 
  • phlr Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1237 W: 130 N: 882] (2821)
  • [2006-06-10 12:50]

Very good photo of this Nymphalidae Pam!
Very beautiful colours!
Very good DOF and details!
Good POV and BG!
5* and TFS!

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