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Viola × wittrockiana


Viola × wittrockiana
Photo Information
Copyright: Brenda Ailin Segurel (Bass) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 173 W: 0 N: 233] (974)
Genre: Plants
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2008-01-14
Categories: Flowers
Camera: Sony Cybershot DSC-W30
Photo Version: Original Version, Workshop
Date Submitted: 2008-02-27 8:53
Viewed: 7111
Points: 26
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note [Spanish]
I have found this little pansys late in the afternoon, when sun was coming down, so the light is not so good.
Information about pansy was taken from Wikipedia:

Pansy
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Violales
Family: Violaceae
Genus: Viola
Species: V. tricolor
Subspecies: V. t. hortensis
Trinomial name
Viola tricolor hortensis

The pansy or pansy violet is a plant cultivated as a garden flower. Pansies are derived from Viola tricolor also called the Heartsease or 'Johnny Jump Up'. However, many garden varieties are hybrids and are referred to as Viola × wittrockiana but sometimes they are listed under the name Viola tricolor hortensis. The name "pansy" also appears as part of the common name of a number of wildflowers belonging, like the cultivated pansy, to the genus Viola. Some unrelated species, such as the Pansy Monkeyflower, also have "pansy" in their name.

Cultivation, breeding and life cycle: Pansy breeding has produced a wide range of flower colours including yellow, gold, orange, purple, violet, red and even black (dark purple)many with large showy face markings. A large number of bicoloured flowers have also been produced. They are generally very cold hardy plants surviving freezing even during their blooming period. Plants grow well in sunny or partially sunny positions in well draining soils. Pansies are developed from viola species that are normally biennials with a two-year life cycle. The first year plant produce greenery and then bear flowers and seeds their second year of growth and afterwards die like annuals. Because of selective human breeding, most garden pansies bloom the first year, some in as little as nine weeks after sowing.

Most biennials are purchased as packs of young plants from the garden centre and planted directly into the garden soil. Under favourable conditions, pansies and viola can often be grown as perennial plants, but are generally treated as annuals or biennial plants because after a few years of growth the stems become long and scraggly. Plants grow up to nine inches (23 cm) tall, and the flowers are two to three inches (about 6 cm) in diameter, though there are some smaller and larger flowering cultivars available too.

Pansies are winter hardy in zones 4-8. They can survive light freezes and short periods of snow cover, in areas with prolonged snow cover they survive best with a covering of a dry winter mulch. In warmer climates, zones 9-11, pansies can bloom over the winter, and are often planted in the fall. In these climates, pansies have been known to reseed themselves and come back the next year. Pansies are not very heat-tolerant; they are best used as a cool season planting, warm temperatures inhibit blooming and hot muggy air causes rot and death. In colder zones, pansies may not persist without snow cover or protection (mulch) from the extreme cold.

Pansies should be watered thoroughly about once a week, depending on climate and rainfall. To maximize blooming, use plant food about every other week, according to the plant food directions. Regular deadheading can extend the blooming period.

Anatomy: The pansy has two top petals overlapping slightly, two side petals, beards where the three lower petals join the center of the flower, and a single bottom petal with a slight indentation.

Stem rot: Stem rot, also known as pansy sickness, is a soil-borne fungus and a possible hazard with unsterilized animal manure. The plant may collapse without warning in the middle of the season. The foliage will flag and lose color. Flowers will fade and shrivel prematurely. Stem will snap at the soil line if tugged slightly. The plant is probably a total loss unless tufted. To treat stem rot, use Cheshunt or modern Benomyl fungicide prior to planting. Destroy (burn) infected plants.

Leaf spot: Leaf spot (Ramularia deflectens) is a fungal infection. Symptoms include dark spots on leaf margins followed by a white web covering the leaves. It is associated with cool damp springs. To treat, spray with fungicide.

Mildew: Mildew (Oidium) is a fungal infection. Symptoms include violet-gray powder on fringes and underside of leaves. It is caused by stagnant air and can be limited but not necessarily eliminated by spraying (especially leaf undersides).

Cucumber mosaic virus: The cucumber mosaic virus is transmitted by aphids. Pansies with the virus have fine yellow veining on young leaves, stunted growth and anomalous flowers. The virus can lay dormant, affect the entire plant and be passed to next generations and to other species. Prevention is key: purchase healthy plants, use pH-balanced soil which is neither too damp not too dry. The soil should have balanced amounts of nitrogen, phosphate and potash. Eliminate other diseases which may weaken the plant.

Pests
slugs and snails: To ward off slugs and snails, lay sharp, gritty sand or top-dress soil with chipped bark. Clean area of leaves and foreign matter, etc. Beer in little bowls buried to the rims in the flower beds will also keep them at bay.

Aphids: To combat aphids, which spread the cucumber mosaic virius, spray with diluted soft soap (2 ounces per gallon).

Name origin and significance: The name pansy is derived from the French word pensée meaning "thought", and was so named because the flower resembles a human face; in August it nods forward as if deep in thought. Because of this the pansy has long been a symbol of Freethought[1] and has been used in the literature of the American Secular Union. Humanists use it too, as the pansy's current appearance was developed from the Heartsease by two centuries of intentional crossbreeding of wild plant hybrids. The Freedom From Religion Foundation (FFRF) uses the pansy symbol extensively in its lapel pins and literature.

The word "pansy" has indicated an effeminate male since Elizabethan times and its usage as a disparaging term for a man or boy who is effeminate (as well as for an avowedly homosexual man) is still used. (There is a queercore musical band called Pansy Division, drawing on this association.) The word "ponce" (which has now come to mean a pimp) and the adjective "poncey" (effeminate) also derive from "pansy".

from:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pansy

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Critiques [Translate]

Preciosas flores y gran aproximación, porque son unas florecillas pequeñas.
Buen comentario y genial presentación.
Un cordial saludo, JL.

Hola Brenda,
Como esta usted, Brenda? Y la familia?
Tengo el gusto de conocer a Ud!
Mi espanol no es muy bueno!
very well captured of the flora in a good displayed of light and shadows here!
perfect sharpness, vivid colour and details in the shot
well done and a good informative notes
muchas gracias
Saludos
Tony

Hola Brenda, tus flores son una preciosidad, vaya colores! bonito encuadre, gracias por tu comentario!! Un saludo. Carme.

  • Great 
  • SkyF Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 2234 W: 188 N: 1912] (8073)
  • [2008-02-27 10:34]
  • [+]

Hello Brenda,
you right, not the perfect light but all in all a wonderful composition.
I like the POV and the DOF very much.
Nice detail int the flower and you presented it well.
TFS..Sky

  • Great 
  • lousat Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6595 W: 89 N: 15659] (65489)
  • [2008-02-27 10:49]
  • [+]

Hi Brenda,excellent quality of colours and sharpenss but very interestinf note first,thanks for share your excellent work,have a nice day,Luciano

Hola Brenda: Una bonita imagen de estas flores, bien hecha en todo, color, definición, fondo y punto de vista. Junto con el extendo documento que acompañas, es un excelente trabajo el tuyo. Te felicito.

Para mi, neófito en la materia, esto eran solo unos simples pensamientos, sin más, tu me ha ayudado a saber más. Gracias.

Un cordial saludo

Josep.

Hola Brenda,
que especies son las parentales del h´brido, es que no coincide con la información que das
Saludos cordiales.

Hola BrendA! Thank you for comment on my misty forest, Im glad u like it! I love those flowers, similar appear in Poland during spring period. I love them :-)
hav a nice weekend!

Hola Brenda,
Una linda clase de violeta, común es verla en algunaos jardines. el acercamiento es muy bueno al igual que la muy completa nota
Saludos
Hernán

Hello Brenda,

You have right, not the perfect light but all in all a wonderful composition makes this photo wonderful. Compo and POV are good. Despite the bad light still a good shot. A good informative notes. Thanks for that. Have a nice day and TFS BOB

I make also photos of this flower in the wild in the dunes in Holland. And they are lovely. See this link:http://www.treknature.com/viewphotos.php?l=3&p=133956

Hi Brenda,
Such pretty flowers basking in the morning sun...great close up and I like the dof flowers in the background. nice shot. TFS
Donna:o)

Hi Brenda,
Beautiful composition on these Pansy flowers.
Thanks for sharing.
- Nirmal

The slight under-exposure due to low light can be corrected to some extent. Please see my WorkShop version and comment.

Hello Brenda,
Thanks your connmet.
Actually very pretyy picture. Colors and design on the flower are perfect. Other details are great. TFS.

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