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Jaguar


Jaguar
Photo Information
Copyright: Peter van Zoest (PeterZ) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5137 W: 166 N: 13121] (49139)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2013-09-21
Categories: Mammals
Camera: Nikon D90, Sigma 135-400mm f/4.5-5.6 APO, Digital RAW
Exposure: f/4.8, 1/400 seconds
Details: Tripod: Yes
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2013-09-28 5:52
Viewed: 2854
Favorites: 2 [view]
Points: 58
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Last Saturday we took a boat trip on the rivers in the Pantanal with the aim to find the jaguar. We start at 7:00 in the morning. Beautiful to see so many birds, caimans, capybaras, giant otters and new tropical otters in and around the water. At 11:00 we saw a jaguar, but this was largely behind the bushes. The heat was intense and we got a heavy thunderstorm, but to our surprise at 16:30 there was a large male walking along the banks of the river. We could made a lot of photos of this impressive animal. What a thrill. After about 10 minutes he disappeared into the forest. An experience I will never forget.

The jaguar (Panthera onca) is a big cat, a feline in the Panthera genus, and is the only Panthera species found in the Americas. The jaguar is the third-largest feline after the tiger and the lion, and the largest in the Western Hemisphere. The jaguar's present range extends from Southwestern United States and Mexico across much of Central America and south to Paraguay and northern Argentina.

This spotted cat most closely resembles the leopard physically, although it is usually larger and of sturdier build and its behavioral and habitat characteristics are closer to those of the tiger. While dense rainforest is its preferred habitat, the jaguar will range across a variety of forested and open terrains. It is strongly associated with the presence of water and is notable, along with the tiger, as a feline that enjoys swimming. The jaguar is largely a solitary, opportunistic, stalk-and-ambush predator at the top of the food chain (an apex predator). It is a keystone species, playing an important role in stabilizing ecosystems and regulating the populations of the animals it hunts. The jaguar has an exceptionally powerful bite, even relative to the other big cats. This allows it to pierce the shells of armoured reptiles and to employ an unusual killing method: it bites directly through the skull of prey between the ears to deliver a fatal bite to the brain.

The jaguar is a near threatened species and its numbers are declining. Threats include loss and fragmentation of habitat. While international trade in jaguars or their parts is prohibited, the cat is still frequently killed by humans, particularly in conflicts with ranchers and farmers in South America.

The P. o. palustris is the largest subspecies, weighing more than 135 kg or 300 lb): The Pantanal regions of Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, along the Paraguay River into Paraguay and northeastern Argentina.

Biology and behavior
Physical characteristics
The jaguar is a compact and well-muscled animal. Size and weight vary considerably: weights are normally in the range of 56–96 kg. Larger males have been recorded to weigh as much as 160 kg (roughly matching a tigress or lioness), and the smallest females have low weights of 36 kg. Females are typically 10–20% smaller than males. The length, from the nose to the base of the tail, of the cats varies from 1.2 to 1.95 m. Their tails are the shortest of any big cat, at 45 to 75 cm in length. Their legs are also short, considerably shorter when compared to a small tiger or lion in a similar weight range, but are thick and powerful. The jaguar stands 63 to 76 cm tall at the shoulders.

Compared to the similarly colored Old World leopard, this cat is bigger, heavier and relatively stocky in build.

A short and stocky limb structure makes the jaguar adept at climbing, crawling, and swimming. The head is robust and the jaw extremely powerful. The jaguar has the strongest bite of all felids, capable of biting down with 2,000 lbf (910 kgf). This is twice the strength of a lion and the second strongest of all mammals after the spotted hyena; this strength adaptation allows the jaguar to pierce turtle shells.
The cat is covered in rosettes for camouflage in the dappled light of its forest habitat. The spots vary over individual coats and between individual jaguars: rosettes may include one or several dots, and the shapes of the dots vary. The spots on the head and neck are generally solid, as are those on the tail, where they may merge to form a band.

Hunting and diet
Like all cats, the jaguar is an obligate carnivore, feeding only on meat. It is an opportunistic hunter and its diet encompasses at least 87 species. They regularly take adult caimans, deer, capybaras, tapirs, peccaries, dogs, foxes, and sometimes even anacondas. However, the cat will eat any small species that can be caught, including frogs, mice, birds (mainly ground-based species such as cracids), fish, sloths, monkeys, and turtles. Some jaguars will also take domestic livestock, including adult cattle and horses. A problem in the Pantanal.

Source: Wikipedia

nagraj, drchoneydew, Miss_Piggy, ramthakur, Mamagolo2, kinglove, Maynayquan, iti, anel, rousettus, CeltickRanger has marked this note useful
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Discussions
ThreadThread Starter Messages Updated
To pirate: ThanksPeterZ 1 09-29 10:58
To ramthakur: TreatenedPeterZ 1 09-28 08:31
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Critiques [Translate]

Goeidag Peter,
Wat 'n fantastiese beeld van hierdie groot kat met baie natuurlike voorkoms! Die definisie is onverbeterlik en die beligting is uistaande. Werklik 'n plesier om te aanskou. Ook 'n baie interessante en informatiewe nota. Ek kan my dit goed voorstel dat julle bootrit onvergeetlik was. Welgedaan en groete.
Neels

  • Great 
  • nagraj Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1618 W: 106 N: 3208] (15166)
  • [2013-09-28 6:33]

Hi,
Striking pose by this Jaguar...well captured. Surely great experience you had. tfs.
nagraj.v

WOW what a CATCH!!!!!! I got goosebumps reading your note!! I actually just posted a video about these big cats swimming through the waters and attacking CAMEN! Amazing indeed and what you captured is a brilliant "suddenly" and it will be with you a lifetime! LOVE the POV and direct eye contact, chilling indeed!! Especially since you know what great swimmers they are

Wow Peter, what a striking animal this is and how beautifully you captured it. The patterns and colour of its fur is remarkable and so clear to the eye. Looks like something out of a movie set. The cat is awesome, and the background really spices this one up nicely! Thanks for sharing image and interesting note. Best regards.
Anna

  • Great 
  • KOMSIS Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 820 W: 0 N: 2419] (10674)
  • [2013-09-28 7:34]

Hallo Peter,
High Adrenaline ..
Beautiful capture with great perfection, colour and clarity. Nice composition and POV too.
Have a nice weekend,
Seyfi

Globe trotting, Peter. Lucky you! Now you are in Brazil and bringing us this super picture of a Jaguar.
The animal is looking threatening by its posture, but it looks so beautiful with those special spots on it.
Waiting to see more from your trip to South America.
Regards.
Ram

Lucky Peter

Dit is wel de reis waard als je deze alleen al tegenkomt
Mooie compositie en super scherp met mooie kleuren
Je zat wel even te shaken toen hij tevoorschijn kwam

groet lou

Hello Mr.Peter,
Nice to see this Jaguar.Great time you have spent.Well captured.Nice pose with anger on eyes.Like POV.Well captured.
Thanks for sharing,
Regards and have a nice Sunday,
Srikumar

Ciao Peter, great capture of superb creature, splendid sharpness, fine details and wonderful colors, very well done, my friend, ciao Silvio

Hello Peter,
Outstanding shot captured with exceptional sharp details and nice pose.TFS.
Regards,
Joy

WOW Peter, this is fantastic. What a shot. You must have been so thrilled! I know I am just by looking at it on TN. Fantastic sharpness and the colours are so beautiful. The spots or rosettes on the skin almost look like someone was trying to paint some flowers on it. Stunning!!!

  • Great 
  • lousat Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6595 W: 89 N: 15659] (65489)
  • [2013-09-28 10:18]

Hi Peter,this is a very lucky meeting,and you caught the opportunity in the best way,magnificent capture whit incredible details in the best exposure,i'm jealous of your pic...ehhehe...have a nice evening and thanks,Luciano

Hello Peter
照的清晰 很漂亮的金錢豹 紋路圖案都很美麗
野生的就是不一樣 看起來非常霸氣 毛都有光澤發亮
構圖美麗 背景漂亮
謝謝分享
STONE

  • Great 
  • nanreh Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 136 W: 12 N: 258] (2191)
  • [2013-09-28 10:34]

¡Fantástica! Es muy difícil capturar a este magnífico predador en su ambiente natural. Y conseguir una toma tan libre, perfecta, de cuerpo completo de nuestro querido "Tigre". En Argentina los primitivos "gauchos" que poblaron nuestras "pampas" le llamaban "El Tigre" agregándole el artículo "El" en señal de respeto a su peligrosidad, fuerza y valor. ¿Sabías que el gaucho (descendiente de la mixtura entre indios y españoles) lo enfrentaba a pie firme envolviendo su brazo izquierdo con un "poncho" a modo de escudo y armado solamente con su "facón", que es un largo cuchillo, casi una espada corta?
Sin palabras, maravillosa fotografía que ya forma parte de mi colección, en las que tantas hay de tu autoría, Peter.
PD: ¡Que familiar me es, nativo como soy del litoral argentino, esa barranca de barro rojizo, tan parecida a la que bordea nuestro inmenso río Paraná!

  • Great 
  • siggi Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3097 W: 109 N: 12399] (52850)
  • [2013-09-28 10:49]

Hello Peter.
A superb capture of this jaguar in a nice pose.Very good composition and POV.
A great animal.Great shot.Regards Siggi

Hi Peter,
Wow, what an amazing closeup of a jaguar in the wild! He's so beautiful, but not so friendly with you all by showing his sharp teeth and staring eyes. I like superb sharpness, great details and beautiful colors. Thanks, Peter, and congratulations!
John

Amazing animal and fantastic photo Peter! Wonderful pose, very good composition, beautiful lighting and impressive sharpness!
Regards,
Christodoulos

  • Great 
  • Ishi Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 298 W: 21 N: 1943] (13387)
  • [2013-09-28 23:46]

Wonderful capture! Lucky you!

Thanks for sharing this amazing experience,

Ishi

  • Great 
  • iti Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 577 W: 0 N: 650] (7939)
  • [2013-09-29 5:50]

Hi Peter,
Excellent image of a beautiful Jaguar. For such shots must be about a little luck,i wish you a lot of such beautiful pictures.
Regards Jiri.

  • Great 
  • IronM Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 144 W: 3 N: 345] (2608)
  • [2013-09-29 5:54]

Hi Peter,
wow amazing capture of this wonderful spicies,
excellent lighting, outstanding sharpness, perfect details everywhere !
Well done !
Best regards !

Hello Peter
Very impressive pose of this big cat(Jaguar).
the skin markings are come out beautifully.
perfect light and colour.
best wishes,
samiran

  • Great 
  • Cobo Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 236 W: 1 N: 535] (5799)
  • [2013-09-29 8:10]

Very good picture and very natural. Thank you for sharing it and congratulations. Un saludo.

Hi Peter
incredible shot, must have been extremely exciting
please have a look at this http://www.edisproduction.de/2013/09/27/jaguar-attacks-crocodile-takes-it-away-like-a-handbag/
more often the take tourists though ;-)
tfs
Tom

  • Great 
  • anel Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 3053 W: 3 N: 8715] (40574)
  • [2013-09-30 0:31]

Hello Peter,
What a lucky man! You have seen it, this is a privilege. You have been quite close I suppose to look at the expression of this superb animal..what a most beautiful feline. Just great. Thanks so much!
Anne

Great capture MF.peter. Good management of the difficult light. Very good details.

Roberto

Fascinating capture of wonderful Jaguar. Focus, POV and eye contact excellent. Thanks for sharing this beauty, Peter.
Looking forward to seeing additional posts from your Brazil trip. All the best
Ahmet

  • Great 
  • foozi Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 2791 W: 0 N: 6696] (25839)
  • [2013-10-06 2:55]

Hello Pwtwer
splendid details and color composition.
The eye contact is amazing.
Exciting composition.

Regards
Foozi

I love this big cat,You are lucky too.
Amazing colors

Ciao Francesco

Hello Peter

WOW ! what a great chance you had to see the jaguar free and in the wild nature !
fine POV to capture the expressive posture of the big wild cat, wonderful patterns of its fur, TFS

Asbed

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