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Rufous Hornero

Rufous Hornero
Photo Information
Copyright: Peter van Zoest (PeterZ) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5137 W: 166 N: 13121] (49139)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2013-09-18
Categories: Birds
Camera: Nikon D90, Sigma 135-400mm f/4.5-5.6 APO, Digital RAW
Exposure: f/5.6, 1/640 seconds
Details: Tripod: Yes
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2014-07-15 7:24
Viewed: 1621
Points: 36
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
The Rufous Hornero (Furnarius rufus) is a medium-sized ovenbird in the family Furnariidae It occurs in eastern South America, and is the national bird in Argentina and Uruguay. Also known as the Red Ovenbird, it is common in savannas, second-growth scrub, pastures and agricultural land and is synanthropic. Its range includes southeastern and southern Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay and northern and central Argentina, extending as far south as northern Patagonia. The species is most closely related to the crested hornero of Paraguay and Argentina. There are four accepted subspecies.

The Rufous Hornero is medium-sized with a square tail and very slightly decurved bill. The plumage is overall reddish brown with a dull brown crown and a whitish throat. Sexes are alike and juvenile birds are slightly paler below (probably because they are cleaner). Rufous Horneros feed on insects and other arthropods obtained by foraging on the ground while walking. They sometimes feed on scraps such as bread crumbs. Songs in the Rufous Hornero are sexually distinct. The rapid trill that is usually heard as part of the duet is faster in the male, slower in the female, and both beat their wings at their sides while singing and the wings beat at the same rate as their trill. Thus, while watching an observer may identify the sex by how fast their wings beat while singing.

Predators of adult and young Rufous Horneros include birds of prey such as the black-chested buzzard-eagle Buteo melanoleucus, small mammals, domestic cats, and a number of species of snakes and possibly lizards. However, its covered nest probably reduces predation risk.

The Rufous Hornero breeds in the austral summer, laying eggs between August and December, raising nestlings soon after, and the young may stay in their natal territory until the following breeding season. The species is monogamous and the pair bond is long term, sometimes for life. The nest of the species is typical for the genus, a large thick clay "oven" placed on a tree, or man made structures such as fenceposts, telephone poles or buildings. Pairs remain together throughout the year and will work on the nest during that time; nests can be constructed in as little as 5 days but usually take longer, occasionally months, to complete. A clutch generally contains two to four eggs. The eggs are laid every second day and incubated for 14–18 days. Chicks are fed for 23–26 days before fledging; young birds remain in the parental territory for around 6 months after fledging and sometimes until the following breeding season. Both parents incubate eggs and feed the young. Horneros may or may not reuse nests, therefore it is quite common to see several nests close to each other (or even atop older nests) at the same nesting site. However, a formerly unused nest may be repaired for a new breeding season.

The Rufous Hornero has benefited from human changes to the environment and many live in highly modified habitat, such as city suburbs. In turn abandoned nests may be of benefit to various other species of birds that nest in its unused "ovens". The saffron finch is one species that commonly nests in old ovenbird nests.

The Rufous Hornero is a familiar sight over much of its range and has been adopted as the national bird of Argentina and Uruguay. It is not threatened by human activities and is listed as least concern by the IUCN.

Source: Wikipedia

Hotelcalifornia, kinglove, iti, drchoneydew, CeltickRanger has marked this note useful
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Critiques [Translate]

Hallo Peter,
Great sharpness and remind me about movie "CAST AWAY".

Hallo Peter
Weer eens naast elkaar
Super mooie opname en prachtig zo aan de waterkant met die schittering op het water
super scherp en prachtige kleuren
bedankt weer gr lou

Hello Peter-Beautiful species.Excellent capture.It looks really beautiful and original.Nice presentation.Thanks for sharing.Regards and have a nice time-Srikumar

  • Great 
  • lousat Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6595 W: 89 N: 15659] (65489)
  • [2014-07-15 8:33]

Hi Peter,another top class pic from your brazilian trip! This time too difficult in this dark light but another time perfect,magnificent and elegant pose of this rare specie,i like it! Have a nice evening and thanks,Luciano

  • Great 
  • hsn6a Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 160 W: 0 N: 435] (8652)
  • [2014-07-15 8:52]

Hello Peter,
nice bird,beautiful photo,regards..

Hi Peter,

A very nice photo with natural color, excellent sharpness & details.

Warm Regards,

Ciao Peter. Details and sharp perfect against tha BG of green water. Amazing light.


  • Great 
  • nanreh Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 136 W: 12 N: 258] (2191)
  • [2014-07-15 18:06]

Congratulations, Peter; true honor you have done to our national bird of Argentina; perfect exposure, great detail of the plumage; and perfect location in a very specific context of their customs; since the "Hornero" always round places with mud; as often exist in ponds like photography; because clay is the raw material that makes its so characteristic and unique mud nests (a very rare bird in Africa, the Picathartes gymnocephalus, also built mud nest with a similar technique, but the shape is cup as usual nests are, on the contrary, it does "Hornero" like a kind of "igloo" with compartments, an elaborate house that seems made for humans in miniature ... It also seems a clay oven, and hence the name "Hornero")

Hernán Bortondello

Ciao Peter, great capture of lovely bird in a beautiful enviroment, splendid light, excellent clarty, wonderful natural collors and fine details, very well done, my friend, ciao Silvio

Hallo Peter,
照的很漂亮 很美丽的小鳥 也很清晰
ㄧ如往常的一樣 你還是照的這般的細膩 非常的自然美麗
构图也很美丽 真是好看

Hello Peter,
is very nice to view all your pictures of birds from all over the globe.
Here I especially like the low POV, did you get wet? :-)
Well composed, nice soft colours and a fine details.
Well done, my friend.

  • Great 
  • iti Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 577 W: 0 N: 650] (7939)
  • [2014-07-16 7:29]

Hi Peter,
Excellent detail and perfectly portrait of a lovely bird. Amazing natural colours.
Regards Jiri.

  • Great 
  • senn Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 58 W: 2 N: 155] (1384)
  • [2014-07-16 8:36]

excellent take Peter, .. great limpidity, powerful expo and magnificent compo .. well done


nuri :)


  • Great 
  • john1 Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 122 W: 0 N: 439] (3410)
  • [2014-07-16 11:53]

Hi Peter,

Excellent capture of the bird, I like very much the texture of the plumage.
great pose and sharpness, TFS.
My best regards.
john vantighem

LOVE your natural presentations of all your trek adventures and detailed wikipedia updates, saves me from 'goggling' :) Great POV and eye contact, have learned a great deal from you just by admiring your captures!! thank you so much for sharing


Hello Peter

Wonderful photo of the Rufous Hornero that it
is the national bird in Argentina and Uruguay,
fine low POV at its level, beautiful light and color tones,
great focus, sharpness, and details, beautiful background, TFS


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