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Plumose Antennae Morphology

Plumose Antennae Morphology
Photo Information
Copyright: Francisco Mello (Mello) Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 140 W: 34 N: 480] (2419)
Genre: Landscapes
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2009-11-29
Categories: Insects
Camera: Nikon D300, Sigma 105 F2.8 Macro.
Exposure: f/10.0, 1/60 seconds
Details: (Fill) Flash: Yes
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Theme(s): Macromania [view contributor(s)]
Date Submitted: 2009-12-04 11:39
Viewed: 9860
Favorites: 1 [view]
Points: 34
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Hi dear friends from TN.
As you can see in this picture Plumose Antennae have a feather-like shape.
I`d like that you check large version too, because then you can see more fine details.
Have a nice weekend!...and see you all on TN!

Antennae function almost exclusively in sensory perception. Some of the information that can be detected by insect antennae includes: motion and orientation, odor, sound, humidity, and a variety of chemical cues. Antennae vary greatly among insects, but all follow a basic plan: segments 1 and 2 are termed the scape and pedicel, respectively. The remaining antennal segments (flagellomeres) are jointly called the flagellum.

Pheromone binding and inactivation by moth antennae
Richard G. Vogt & Lynn M. Riddiford
Department of Zoology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA

The antennae of male silk moths are extremely sensitive to the female sex pheromone such that a male moth can find a female up to 4.5 km away1. This remarkable sensitivity is due to both the morphological and biochemical design of these antennae. Along the branches of the plumose antennae are the sensilla trichodea, each consisting of a hollow cuticular hair containing two unbranched dendrites bathed in a fluid, the receptor lymph2,3. The dendrites and receptor lymph are isolated from the haemolymph by a barrier of epidermal cells which secreted the cuticular hair4−6. Pheromone molecules are thought to diffuse down 100 Å-wide pore tubules through the cuticular wall and across the receptor lymph space to receptors located in the dendritic membrane6,7. To prevent the accumulation of residual stimulant and hence sensory adaptation, the pheromone molecules are subsequently inactivated in an apparent two-step process of rapid 'early inactivation' followed by much slower enzymatic degradation8,9. The biochemistry involved in this sequence of events is largely unknown. We report here the identification of three proteins which interact with the pheromone of the wild silk moth Antheraea polyphemus: a pheromone-binding protein and a pheromone-degrading esterase, both uniquely located in the pheromone-sensitive sensilla; and a second esterase common to all cuticular tissues except the sensilla.

eng55, flashpoint, maurydv, zulfu, boreocypriensis, ramthakur, Dis. Ac., jlinaresp, oanaotilia, tcr, Ozgur70, ekakouri has marked this note useful
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ThreadThread Starter Messages Updated
To alin-m: Hi Alin,Mello 1 12-06 11:41
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Critiques [Translate]

  • Great 
  • eng55 Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1256 W: 42 N: 1976] (5892)
  • [2009-12-04 12:49]

Hi Francisco,
Excellent macro shot.It's very close and well detailed.POV,sharpness,eyes and framing are perfect.Very well done!
Thanks for posting..

ciao Francisco!
excellent study the morphology of the antennae in this macro
amazing details of this "fishbones "

have a nice w.end sERGIO

Hello Francisco,
a superb macro shot of this moth taken from a frontal POV with impressive details of its antennae and eyes, the large version is simply fantastic, a first class picture.
Have a good weekend

Simplemente impresionante !
Detalles sorprendentes y efectivo formato.

  • Great 
  • zulfu Gold Star Critiquer [C: 685 W: 0 N: 2] (43)
  • [2009-12-04 15:07]

Hello Francisco,
Stunning close-up shot of a moth's head part. We can see all ultra-stuctural details
The POV and composition are perfect.
TFS and G's,

Hi MF Francisco,

An incredible macro capture of a moth's head part from frontal POV with impeccable details, great DOF and delightful composition.
TFS and have a nice night and WE MF!


What a marvellous macro of this set of impressive antennae, Francisco!
It looks even better in the LP format.
I too have 105mm lens, but I have never been able to do such a fine macro with it.
Well done and TFS.

Hi Fransico

an extremely sharp macro with good pov and details.
Fine colours.


Ciao Francisco, great macro, beautiful large version with fantastic details of multiple eyes, splendid colors and great sharpness, very well done, have a good week end, ciao Silvio

Olá Franciso!

Cada vez mejor y mejor! Esta é uma lição em foco e bom gosto para cortar! um close-up do campeonato! saudações! Parabéns Francisco! thanks for sharing!

** Uma nota útil anexado !


  • Great 
  • PeterZ Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5137 W: 166 N: 13121] (49139)
  • [2009-12-05 2:48]

Hello Francisco,
Fascinating macro in wonderful sharpness and details. Beautiful clear colours and an excellent frontal POV.

Ciao Francisco. Anotheri impressive stunning detailed close up. Best compliments.


Hi friend.
The details of yours picture are great.
Congratulations for this wonderfull capture.
Greetings and friendly regards.Alin.

  • Great 
  • tcr Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 158 W: 8 N: 538] (3384)
  • [2009-12-07 5:11]

Ótimo enquadramento, ângulo de tomada da foto, contraste e detalhamento principalmente da antena tipo espinha de peixe.
Até a próxima.

Hello Francisco,

A strong face to face portrait!
And of course the fine details in the antennas catch attention, interesting framing of this creature...
Sharp fine details, colours are well reproduced!

Pablo -

Hi Francisco,

Another SUPERB Macro shot with excellent sharp details
you must be amzingly close for this shot

TFS Thijs

Perfect macro photo showing a lot of details of the antenae, very educative!!! Erodotos

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