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For the Moms

For the Moms
Photo Information
Copyright: Selen Ediger (SelenE) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 2249 W: 65 N: 4205] (13972)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2007-04-26
Categories: Mammals
Camera: Canon EOS 20D, Canon EF 100-400mm F/4.5-5.6L IS USM, Hoya 77mm Super-HMC CPL MCPRO1
Exposure: f/4.5, 1/400 seconds
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Theme(s): Fauna of NEOTROPIC (Central & South America) Reg., Juveniles [view contributor(s)]
Date Submitted: 2007-05-12 20:20
Viewed: 4255
Points: 36
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Happy mother's day from a Galapagos sea lion and her pup in Rabida Island

Galapagos Sea Lion
Zalophus wollebaeki
Red List Status: Vulnerable

*Galapagos sea lions are similar in appearance to California sea lions, but differ in size, behavior, and skull morphology. Galapagos sea lions are sexually dimorphic, with males growing larger than females and having several secondary sexual characteristics. The degree of sexual dimorphism appears to be less than in California sea lions, although few weights and measurements are available for adults to confirm this observation.

Adult males are robust in the neck, chest, and shoulders and are proportionately much smaller in the abdomen. As males sexually mature the enlarging sagittal crest becomes evident as a bump on the crown. The crest grows until the male reaches physical maturity, at which time it forms a prominent ridge behind the eyes and creates a steep forehead. Galapagos sea lion males are said to lack the pale pelage coloration on top of the sagittal crest common in California sea lions, although this feature appears to be present in one published photograph. Also, the skull of adult male Galapagos sea lions has a 20-25% smaller sagittal crest, a shorter muzzle, is about 10% shorter overall and is narrower than the skull of male California sea lions. As in all otariids the canine teeth of adult males are larger and thicker than those of females.

Adult and subadult male Galapagos sea lions bark in often long repeated sequences. The bark is loud, rapidly repeated, and distinctive. Females and juveniles do not produce the repetitive bark. Juveniles, subadults and adults of both sexes will also growl.

Adult females and juveniles do no have a sagittal crest. When viewed in profile, juveniles have a nearly flat head with little or no forehead. Adult females have a slight forehead formed by a gentle slope from the crown to the muzzle. In contrast to adult males, adult females have a long relatively thin neck and a wide torso.

Both sexes have a long and somewhat narrow muzzle that tapers to a slightly pointed nose. In profile, the face of younger animals is dog-like. The fore flippers have a sparse short fur that extends beyond the wrist onto the middle of the dorsal surface of the flipper in a “V” pattern and does not reach the rounded tip. The rest of the dorsal surface, and the palms of both fore flippers are covered with a hairless black leathery skin. The first digit is the longest, widest and thickest, and curves posterioraly, giving the flipper a swept back look. Digits 2-4 are successively shorter. There is a small opening in the skin at the end of each digit for a claw that is usually reduced to a vestigial nodule, and rarely emerges above the skin. The claw openings are set back from the free edge of the flippers by cartilaginous rods that extend the length of each digit, and expand the size of the flippers. The hind flippers also have cartilaginous rods that extend the length of each toe. The bones of the three central toes terminate at the position of the small nails that emerge through the skin on the dorsal surface, set back from the end of the flipper. The first and fifth toes are longer than the three middle toes, and the first toe, or hallux, is longer and wider than the fifth toe. The hind flippers have short hair covering part of the proximal end of the flipper, and the rest of the dorsal surface, and the entire sole is covered in black leathery hairless skin.

Color of Galapagos sea lions is highly variable. When dry, the coat of adult males ranges from grayish and golden brown to the common dark brown, and most bulls appear blackish or very dark when wet. Darkening begins when males are subadults and is generally complete when a bull reaches physical maturity. Adult males can have light gray coloration on their backs. Adult females, juveniles and young subadult males are pale colored above, and can be many shades of tan to light brown. There are often light colored areas on the muzzle, and around and above the eyes in both sexes. The sparse short fur covering a portion of the tops of the flippers can be the same color or darker than the color of the body. Pups are born with a longer brownish-black lanugo coat that fades to pale brown by three to five months. Pups go through their first molt at around five months and emerge with the pelage of adult females and juveniles.

There is little information on the lengths and weighs attained by Galapagos sea lions, but they are said to be somewhat smaller than California sea lions. Adult males are estimated to weigh up to 250 kg, but this has not been confirmed through direct study. Four adult females caring for pups weighed from 50 to 100 kg. Pups of both sexes are born at approximately six kilograms and weaned at approximately 25 kg.
*Source: Obis-Seamap

Exposure Program: Manual
Exposure Time: 1/400
F-Stop: f/4.50
ISO Speed Ratings: 200
Focal Length: 100 mm
Date Taken: 2007-04-26 09:13
Metering Mode: Average

glazzaro, egeerhan, clnaef, Raptorman, JORAPAVI, Jamesp, Maite, delic, ecem35, saguzar, dew77, rousettus, Ingrid1 has marked this note useful
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ThreadThread Starter Messages Updated
To Jamesp: mothers daySelenE 1 05-14 07:35
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Critiques [Translate]

To cute. Love the pose of the mom and baby. Looks like she is relaxing. Nice DOF and Sharpness.

A nice shot for the occasion, well taken and presented.


Hi Selene,
Amazing picture lake all the other you have posted. Your subjects are extremely interesting and original.
You are so fortunate to see such beautiful things and places!

TFS, Regards, Mario.

Hello Selen, this is avery good portrait of this seal, very sharp and beautiful composition...well done..

Anneler günü için güzel düşünülmüş anlamlı bir görüntü.eline sağlık Selen

Sympathique moment de la vie animale et familiale.
Bonne journée.

Hola Selen,
Preciosa imagen, la pose, luz y definición son excelentes. Saludos
José Ramón

Hi Selen

A brilliant pose - in all aspects. Great sharpness and colours also.

I wondered about your title - Mother's day in the UK is in March - we are out of synch with the rest of the world!


  • Great 
  • delic Gold Star Critiquer [C: 440 W: 6 N: 310] (898)
  • [2007-05-13 16:46]

Merhaba Selen,
Lovely pose from this cute sea lions. Great color and sharpness.

Poz çok güzel, çok sevimli bir fotoğraf olmuş. Eline sağlık

  • Great 
  • Maite Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 998 W: 65 N: 1270] (5199)
  • [2007-05-15 6:51]

What a tender and beautiful shot, Selene!
Excellent sharpness, point of view and composition.
Excellent note and presentation.
My compliments and TFS

Sorry, I almost forgot the points :)

hello Selen,
very nice tribute to all mothers, I'm surprised as well by the title, here that day is in third october sunday.
Excellent composition, I love colours and funny pose.
Best regards

Hi Selen,
What a wonderful moment captured. And a moment that can only be captured on the Galapgos, because in any other situation the mother and pup would have taken off. Excellent work on the exposure and sharpness and I really like how you composed this shot.

  • Great 
  • dew77 Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 4432 W: 248 N: 4028] (13270)
  • [2007-05-16 11:55]

Merhaba Selen,
Hakikaten anneler gününe yakışır bir kare göndermişsin.Çektiğin an,ışık,alçek seviyeli bakış noktası ve kompozisyon mükemmel olmuş.Selamlar,ellerine sağlık!

Kompozisyon, renkler, netlik ve aksiyon mükemmel. fon da o kadar güzel. ellerinize sağlık.

Hi Selen,
Looks as though you have put the Seal Lions on a moonscape. Beautiful shot.
Good definition and sharpness.
Well taken.

Günaydın Selen , çok beğendim , çok anlamlı olmuş .

Selen Hanım,merhaba,
sitenizi yeni ziyaret ettim, fotoğraflarınızın hangisi için yazacağımı bilemiyorum hepsi harika, manzaralar, ilginç olanlar, kuşlar egzotik hayvanlar hepsi muhteşem.
Yeni fotoğraflarınızı ilgiyle bekliyorum.
elinize sağlık

Dear Selene,
A good capture of a cute baby Sea Lion with mother, and I add your work to my theme "Juveniles".

I was astounded how in unafraid these little Sea Lions were in the Galapagos! One waddled up to me as I sat on the shore and suckled one of my toes :-)

You show all details perfectly sharp and the natural colours enhance your work eg the typical colour of the Rabida soil.....

Thanks for sharing
Warm greetings from the Tzaneen Dam in Limpopo, South Africa

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