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Lycaena dispar.

Lycaena dispar.
Photo Information
Copyright: Peter Stoeckl (peter_stoeckl) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1738 W: 291 N: 4005] (11530)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2007-05-20
Categories: Insects
Camera: Sony Cybershot DSC-H5
Exposure: f/6.3, 1/200 seconds
Photo Version: Original Version
Theme(s): European Butterflies 7, Lycaenidae Butterflies, Vienna Woods - Biosphaerenpark Wienerwald [view contributor(s)]
Date Submitted: 2007-09-22 10:57
Viewed: 7446
Favorites: 2 [view]
Points: 92
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Lycaena dispar.

Lycaena dispar (Haworth, 1802)
Lycaena dispar rutila (Werneburg, 1864)

Large Copper
Großer Feuerfalter
Grote vuurvlinder
Stor ildfugl
Czerwończyk nieparek
Ohniváčik veľký
Ohniváček černočárný
Manto grande
Grand cuivré

Family: Lycaenidae (Blues)

Wingspan: 32 – 40 mm

The Large Copper is as pretty as its existence is highly endangered with the existence of its genuine habitat of undisturbed wet grassland.

I was lucky to see a few individuals at several locations around Vienna repeatedly during the last years, and also here on TN, Lycaena dispar seems to be a regularly observed butterfly in some parts of its distribution.

Sexes look different. Females' wings are spotted, and their colour is less brightly orange than the males'. The fiery red colour of the males' scales is not achieved by pigments alone but by surface structures. The intensity of colour is enhanced by the contrasting bright blue undersides of underwings. In spite of its colourful appearance, it is hard to follow a flying Large Copper with your eyes. Its unsteady and jumping flight seems to be further disrupted by the very different appearance of its red uppersides and blue undersides of wings.

The female.

The largest one of the red Lycaenids of Europe, the Large Copper is distributed through central and eastern Europe, wide spread, but very local only. Extinct in the UK since about 1850 when its wetland habitat was destroyed, there are small colonies in the Netherlands, in France, Italy, north eastern Germany, Poland, the Baltic states, Austria, Hungary, Serbia, Romania, Bulgaria, northern Greece, and northern Turkey.

Specimens of subspecies Lycaena dispar rutila (Werneburg, 1864) may be seen in two generations in the eastern parts of Europe: in May and June, and from July to September. That subspecies tends to be smaller in size than subspecies batava from the Netherlands with one generation only in June and July, and the similar but regretfully extinct British nominal race that could reach a wingspan of remarkable 50mm.

Feeding plant is Rumex crispus and other Rumex species.

The location: A small patch of fallow grassland between the vineyards of Perchtoldsdorf south of Vienna.

The camera: SONY DSC-H5, 3072 x 2304 pixel, sRGB, 17mm macro zoom (equivalent 110mm at full size SLR), F/6.3, 1/200 sec., ISO-125, hand held, no flash. 20.05.2007, 10:16.

Postwork: Photoshop Elements, slightly cropped, resized to web, resharpened, levels slighty adjusted.


Tom Tolman, Richard Lewington: Die Tagfalter Europas und Nordwestafrikas. Stuttgart 1998.

Christopher Jonko: Butterflies and Moths of Europe: http://www.lepidoptera.pl/

Walter Schön: Schmetterling - Raupe: http://www.schmetterling-raupe.de

Thank you for looking.
Have a very good day.

SchwebagMike, tiklod, Alex99, gracious, carmia, marhowie, JoseMiguel, Patleboss, MMM, cissou, cataclysta, Argus, vanderschelden, jmp, fartash, Silke, anel, TheMystic, XOTAELE, scottevers7, hester, ramthakur, cicindela, Necipp, cedryk, PaulH, horia, meyerd, snowfalken, elizabeth has marked this note useful
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ThreadThread Starter Messages Updated
To elizabeth: Thank you.peter_stoeckl 1 10-28 00:32
To snowfalken: Danke Eddie.peter_stoeckl 1 10-23 06:36
To meyerd: ... hineingeschautpeter_stoeckl 1 10-15 07:17
To sily: green BGpeter_stoeckl 2 10-01 18:13
To wishnugaruda: gestreifte Fühlerpeter_stoeckl 1 09-30 10:29
To Alex99: Thank you!peter_stoeckl 1 09-22 12:39
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Critiques [Translate]

Hallo Peter,
Einen wirklich schönen Schmetterling zeigst du uns hier und dazu noch ne super Erklärung!
Perfekt, Mike

  • Great 
  • tiklod Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 290 W: 74 N: 875] (3397)
  • [2007-09-22 11:05]

Hi Peter,
This is a very nice picture! Colors are really beautifulDetails and sharpness top-notch! I like cold and warm colors on same time of this butterfly.


Hello Peter,
You have captured this creature wonderfully, with beautiful colours and details and a great POV. Top work.
TFS, Lee

  • Great 
  • batu Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1079 W: 293 N: 4497] (16383)
  • [2007-09-22 11:46]

Guten Abend Peter,
dispar konnte ich in natura leider noch nicht beobachten. Deshalb besonderen Dank zumindest für das wunderschöne Bild, das die leuchtenden Farben und die elegante Zeichnung der Flügelunterseiten besonders zum Ausdruck bringt.
Einen schönen Abend wünscht

Ottima PDC, colori super ,ottima la gestione della luce, per questa tua piccola .
Un saluto Pierdamiano

  • Great 
  • Alex99 Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 4072 W: 133 N: 7096] (23735)
  • [2007-09-22 12:24]
  • [+]

Hi, dear Peter.
I like the POV best of all. Excellent view is opening from selected point. Wonderful decoration of the butterfly and fine leaf appear in front of us at full their beauty. Blurred rich green BG humanizes witn colour palette of the main subject perfectly. Lighting, as usual for your works, is unusual and so impressive. Amazing 3D-image of the cute insect at wonderful surroundings by great master. Superb combination. Bravo and warm wishes.

Your composition is wonderfull and I like the POV. The colors just glow!

  • Great 
  • carmia Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 231 W: 4 N: 144] (2240)
  • [2007-09-22 13:34]

Wonderful shot! I like the POV of the picture, beautiful colors and details. well done . Carme.

Hi Peter,
er macht seinem Namen alle Ehre - leuchtend wie Feuer, wunderschön.
Bislang konnte ich noch nirgendwo in Erfahrung bringen, weshalb so viele Schmetterlinge diese gestreiften Fühler haben. Weißt Du das?
Vielen Dank für diese Schönheit, Gruß, servus
Sabine - wishnugaruda

  • Great 
  • rdfoto Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 372 W: 0 N: 719] (3295)
  • [2007-09-22 13:48]

Bonjour Peter
Très belle prise, magnifique en couleurs, netteté, lumière et attitude du sujet, bravo
Amicalement Robi

Hi Peter,
You can't stop to amaze me with your ability to crete such artitstic shots.
It's so good the POV and the bright colours got on the insect, specially the bright orange at the top.
Details on the head are so sharp and clear. The DOF worked great with that blurred background.
My compliments and thanks for share it.
Best regards,

Hello Peter, wonderfull butterfly with splendid colors, realy nice pose, perfect focus and deeph of field, excellent natural lighting and lovely composition with a ideal point of view,

Bello contraluz con extraordinario enfoque. Buenos detalles en todos los planos por la gran profundidad conseguida. Impresionante conjunto por esos colores tan vivos y potentes.
Un saludo Peter.

  • Great 
  • MMM Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 1114 W: 0 N: 2546] (11425)
  • [2007-09-22 16:09]

Hi Peter
Lovely composition.Sahrp image whit great colors and details,Good POV and DOF.
TFS Michel

this macro is excelent

  • Great 
  • Juyona Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor [C: 2232 W: 10 N: 2971] (16891)
  • [2007-09-22 19:36]

Hola Peter,
perfecto trabajo realizado,
genial macro, foco y color...

  • Janice Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3277 W: 148 N: 6163] (18832)
  • [2007-09-22 22:09]

Exquisite Peter. Wonderfully captured, so sharp and clear... I like our POV too, showing him on this angle. Well done

Hi Peter,
Wow, wonderful lighting, excellent sharpness,POV and DOF. TFS.

Hello Peter,
This is trully great composition of Butterfly with perfect exposure and focus
real sharp with vivid colour and very details indeed
great job and thanks for sharing

Hello Peter,
Great pictures with very fine details and beatiful colors. I particularly like the different shades of orange on the butterfly. A very interesting note too... Great shot!

Hi Peter
Beautiful photo of dispar. Great POV and good DOF and sharpness. Great contarst and nice OOF buckground
Best wishes

Hello Peter,
Very nice colors, really like your POV.
Excellent detail, and the lights direction here seems to make these beautiful wings glow :)
Very well done.

  • Great 
  • Argus Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5038 W: 260 N: 15594] (50626)
  • [2007-09-23 4:02]

Hello Peter,
I have never seen this species myself and would dearly love to photograph it. In the meantime this great shot of the Large Copper is a good compenstation. The POV and pose allows us to see most of the wing surface appearance, both the upper and undersides. The sharpness and DOF are excellent, considering the restriced light availabilty and the composition is of course excellent.
Thanks for sharing this one and enjoy the rest of your Sunday,

Amazing shot, Peter,
Very good light. Superb POV and the applied DOF is matching.
Once again, love the light through the coloured wings...
Another great butterfly...

  • Great 
  • jmp Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1659 W: 95 N: 2273] (8415)
  • [2007-09-23 7:09]

Hi Peter,
Really good point of view and wonderful light. I like composition and partially blurred background a lot! Sad to hear about another endangered species.
TFS and best regards, José Miguel.

Hello Peter
Wonderful shot of this intersting spiece,
Perfect details,BG and POV,Superb shot.

Good Luck

  • Great 
  • Silke Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 729 W: 98 N: 1707] (5458)
  • [2007-09-23 7:11]

The backlighting has really made this fine capture pop!
Superb colours details and composition

Quelles couleurs formidables !
Bonne journée.

Excellent macro shot with this really nice colour. Perfect pose
Best wishes,

  • Great 
  • anel Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 3053 W: 3 N: 8715] (40574)
  • [2007-09-24 5:43]

Hallo Peter,
Was man da alles in den Weinbergen um Wien findet. Schöner Feuerfalter, der uns fast ins Zimmer fliegt. Ich hab ihn bei uns noch nie gesehen. Danke für diese Rarität.
Herzliche Grüsse

Hallo Peter,
Excellent sharpnes
great light and details

  • Great 
  • Maite Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 998 W: 65 N: 1270] (5199)
  • [2007-09-25 6:15]

Hello Peter!
A pity that I have no time right now to comment all your last postings. They are all so marvellous!!!
This one is just a humdinger! I love it!!! A pure perfection in sharpness, DOF, lighting and else,
and a stricking beauty in POV, colors and composition.
WOW! How much I love it!
Thank you very much dear friend.

  • Great 
  • sily Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 239 W: 6 N: 395] (1934)
  • [2007-09-25 14:31]
  • [+]

Hello Peter!
Magnificent and detailed work of art, really goo, I have a problem when I shoot these in green BG, green becomes very fluorescent and intrusive how do you avoid this and get suche evem color and light?

Hello Peter Unbelievably beautiful, like a pastel painting. The colors are so delicate, with sumptuous details!

Una excelente presentación: nitidez genial, luz perfecta y detalles insuperables.
Buen bg y delicado DoF.
Saludos Peter, JL.

Hi Peter,

That is an excellent shot. Such beautiful shades of colors. Nice sharp detail. A perfectly controled DOF with the tight crop looks great here.
Superb camera work!


  • Great 
  • hester Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1515 W: 18 N: 3165] (11638)
  • [2007-09-29 11:57]

Hi Peter

This is stunning. The light and colours are wonderful. It almost glows. Perfect DOF and nicely framed. Great work



Wow Peter beautifull details are superb nice colour and lovely light/exposure, DOF works well tfs rgds Necip

It is a pleasure to look at this beautiful specimen of the fast vanishing species of butterflies, Peter.
The three wing segments in view create a lovely symphony of colours and shapes.
Overall, one of the finest butterfly pictures I have seen on TN.
Thanks for sharing it and best regards.

Hi Peter!
It was long ago I was last time in your gallery :)
This is another very nice for watching picture and perfect technicaly photo. Lovely colours and composition (I like this "living on the edge pose of butterfly), very good sharpness and saturation. Note is as always informative and I found a lot of interesting details about ecology and biology of this species.
TFS and best regards,

  • Great 
  • cedryk Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 967 W: 50 N: 1722] (5270)
  • [2007-10-06 15:05]

Hello Peter,
Gorgeous portrait in vivid colours. I like lycaenids a lot - they are perfect object to photograph, by the way the are look and behave. You shot it in a very natural pose showing all details of the underwing, and the colouration of the upper side at the same time. Very nice composition and technique too.
Best greetings and TFS!

  • Great 
  • uleko Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3396 W: 172 N: 3310] (10940)
  • [2007-10-07 3:49]

Hello Peter,
Lovely close capture of the Large Copper in a fine composition. Great sharpness and fine colours. Together with the blue butterflies the Large Copper really represent the height of summer to me. Not much colour left now, apart from the autumn leaves!
TFS and best wishes, Ulla

  • Great 
  • PaulH Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1137 W: 26 N: 3879] (13882)
  • [2007-10-07 4:24]

Hi Peter,
superb macro shot with vivid excellent colour and a very good POV. The deatil and clarity you have caught here is amazing, very well done.

  • Great 
  • horia Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 2158 W: 224 N: 4749] (16656)
  • [2007-10-07 12:27]

Hi Peter and sorry for the delay

This is another splendid macro shot from you, my friend and a good news: that this superb species this has some good refugees around Europe. :)
I really like teh close-up level here as well as the magnificent details you present it with - they are so clear and sharp!
The colors are also wonderful and very well saturated and the DOF is very good - keeping the subject in good focus while blurring the BG so well.
All-in-all: a terrific job!

Bravo and TFS

  • Great 
  • Mana Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1772 W: 36 N: 5597] (18598)
  • [2007-10-08 21:50]

Hi Peter,
Just marking this post and will be back with a proper critique. Facing internet problem, hence doing a short job.

bonjour peter
le degradé de couleurs est vraiment tres plaisant,la lumiere venant de l'arriere fait ressortir a merveille le orange des ailes.
bonne netteté et DOF.

Hallo Peter,
ich habe schon lange nicht mehr bei Dir hineingeschaut, obwohl Du die wunderschönen Schmetterlingsbilder produzierst. Hier ist wieder alles perfekt: Schärfe, das tolle Licht, die interessante Spezies im "Abflugmodus". Danke fürs Herzeigen!
Herzlich grüsst Dieter

Hello Peter,

Ein ausgezeichnetes macro Foto des Grossen Feuerfalters. Ich bin noch immer von der Schaerfentiefe deiner Bilder beeindruckt und Du weisst genau wie man diesen Vorteil voellig ausnutzen kann!


Die ausgezeichnete Kompositon ist von den lebhaften Farben hervorgehoben. Der Falter scheint wie eine Flamme auf dem gruenen Hintergrund! Der freie Raum wurde richtig ausgeteilt und das Motiv wurde in einen der staerksten Punkten gestellt. Der Rand des Blattes wirkt als Leitfaden und fuehrt meinen Blick zu dem Schmetterling!

Farben und Kontrast:

Die leuchtenden Farben des Falters sind sehr auffaellig und sehen wunderbar im von hinter scheinendem Sonnenlicht aus! Der Kontrast wurde perfekt eingestellt um die schoenen und scharfen Einzelheiten zu foerdern.


Wie gewoehnlich hast Du das Licht durch die Fluegel des Schmetterlings leuchten lassen. Dieser Effect wirkt sich besonders gut auf Schmetterlingen und Blueten aus. Die Details wurden sehr gut konserviert!


Die perfekte Wiedergabe der Einzelheiten weist auf eine genaue Scharfeinstellung des Objektivs hin. Wie schon oben erwaehnt, die Schaerfentiefe wurde sehr gut kontrolliert um den groessten Teil des Falters Scharf zu behalten waerend der Hintergrund noch ganz unscharf bleibt.

Eine sehr gute Aufnahme mit ausgezeichneten notes! Herzlichen Dank!

Mit Besten Gruessen,

Simply stunning in every aspect! I especially like the way you have captured the lighting through the wings and the finest of textures in this wonderful little creature. It is beautifully sharp, truly an inspiration.


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