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Pararge aegeria

Pararge aegeria
Photo Information
Copyright: Luciano Gollini (lousat) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6595 W: 89 N: 15659] (65489)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2007-09-07
Categories: Insects
Exposure: f/7.1, 1/80 seconds
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Theme(s): Ticino Park Wildlife, Satyrinae - Worldwide - 2 - [view contributor(s)]
Date Submitted: 2007-11-02 3:45
Viewed: 3858
Points: 38
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Lepidoptera - Rhopalocera - Satyridae
The Speckled Wood (Pararge aegeria) is a butterfly found in and on the borders of woodlands throughout much of Europe. In Northern and Eastern Europe where subspecies P. a. tircis occurs it is brown with pale yellow or cream spots and darker upperwing eyespots. In southwestern Europe the subspecies P. a. aegeria has a colour which is more orange in the background; the hindwing underside eyespots are reddish brown rather than black or dark gray. The two forms gradually intergrade into each other. The speckled wood also occurs in North Africa and on the Atlantic island of Madeira. Molecular studies suggest that the African and Madeiran populations are closely related and distinct from European populations of both subspecies, suggesting that Madeira was colonized from Africa and that the African population has a long history of isolation from European populations.

Females have brighter and more distinct markings than males. The wingspan of both males and females is 4 - 4.5 cm, although males tend to be slightly smaller than females. Males are highly territorial and will defend their territory against intruding males. For finding females, there exist 2 basic strategies: Some males will vigorously defend a perch and the immediate surroundings, waiting for females to pass by. Others will patrol a lerger territory.

Males have either 3 or 4 upper hindwing eyespots. The fourth spot shows only in flight. It appears that the 4-spotted morph tends towards patrolling behaviour to finds mates. This agrees with the probable function of the eyespots to entice predators like birds to aim for the wing margin (which may be damaged without much affecting the butterfly) father than the body. On the other hand, habitat is apparently a major factor influencing mate-finding strategy: perching behavior is more common in males of conifer woodland, whereas males of meadows tend towards patrolling behavior.(Stevens 2005)

The caterpillar is green with a short, forked tail and feeds on various species of grass including Yorkshire Fog. The chrysalis (pupa) is green or dark brown. The species is unique in its ability to overwinter in two totally separated developmental stages, as pupae or as half-grown larvae. This leads to a complicated pattern of several adult flights per year.

peter_stoeckl, angybone, Silvio2006, batu, nirmalroberts, cicindela, anel, jrobertop, Silke, uleko, undoredo, izler, CeltickRanger has marked this note useful
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Critiques [Translate]

Hello Luciano,
well detailed, well describing presentation of Pararge aegeria. However, it looks as if too much sharpening was applied in postwork, making parts of the image appear a bit grainy. Pleasantly soft, well shaping natural light.
Very detailed useful notes. Thank you!
With best regards,

Good details! I'm still learning how to use the sharpening tool. It's not easy. But this looks great! And your colors are wonderful!

Hello Luciano,

Nice sharp picture of this pararge.


  • Great 
  • batu Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1079 W: 293 N: 4497] (16383)
  • [2007-11-02 8:28]

Buongiorno Luciano,
a very fine picture of the species. The butterfly exactly fills the 'spot light' here. It is shown with superb sharpness and in its natural colours. The frame includes just the characteristic environment where P. aegeria is found. I will put the picture into my THEME on Satyrinae, later. o.k.?
Best wishes, Peter

Hi Luciano,
Very nice capture of this beautiful butterfly. I do not know anything about butterflies. May be, I will learn from these beautiful posting from TN friends like you.
Thanks a lot for sharing.
- Nirmal

Hi Luciano!
Nice picture of Nymphalidae butterfly. I like that this is a profile pose of the insect and natural colour too, but the biggest bravo for very educational and informative note about this species!
My friendly regards,

  • Great 
  • Mana Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1772 W: 36 N: 5597] (18598)
  • [2007-11-02 11:29]

Hi Luciano,
Just marking this wonderful post from you for now and will come back later with a proper critique. Sorry tied up with an urgent assignment.

  • Great 
  • anel Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 3053 W: 3 N: 8715] (40574)
  • [2007-11-02 12:43]

Bonjour Luciano,
C'est une très belle présentation de Pararge aegeria (Le Tircis).Excellent netteté, bonne lumière, tout ce qu'il faut pour voir tous les détails. Un grand merci pour le texte aussi

Hello Luciano.
Great capture!
Splendid texture, excellent chromatism.
Very well detailed.
Congratulations for that wonder!
Best regards,
José Roberto

Excelente luz y buen enfoque para la Aegeria. Buen encuadre y pose correcta del insecto.
Buen fin de semana Luciano:

J. Ignasi

ciao Luciano
bella presa della Pararge ad ali chiuse
ottimi dettagli e colori
fuoco perfetto...grande foto

salutoni sERGIO

  • Great 
  • Silke Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 729 W: 98 N: 1707] (5458)
  • [2007-11-02 19:28]

The textures in this are really superb!
Good focus, showing even the feathered edges of the wings; well-handled flash (no burnouts); excellent composition
A delightful post

  • Great 
  • uleko Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3396 W: 172 N: 3310] (10940)
  • [2007-11-03 1:38]

Hello Luciano,
Excellent sharp capture of the Speckled Wood butterfly. Beautiful light and sharp details.
You could have left more space in front of the butterfly to avoid the central position but even so a fine composition.
TFS and regards, Ulla

  • Great 
  • dejo Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 344 W: 51 N: 520] (2242)
  • [2007-11-03 7:01]

Hello Luciano,
very nice shot with great details and colors
nice POV

Hello Luciano,
Very nice pose of this cute butterfly you've taken!
Excellent details and sharpness with very nice composition!
And I agree with Ulla(uleko)'s note.
It would be better to add more space left corner.
Very well done and TFS,
Best wishes, Kevin

Hello Luciano,
Beautiful image. Very sharp, displaying all the details in the butterfly very well.
Well done

Salve Luciano
hai là un bello successo con questa fotografia.
Avrò creduto che fosse "Lasiommata megera", ma essere su occorre vederlo aperto.
ad ogni modo, la ta presa è realmente bella

  • Great 
  • izler Gold Star Critiquer [C: 1387 W: 3 N: 9] (44)
  • [2007-11-19 8:41]

selam Luciano
difficult capturing of this beautiful buttefrly because it lives between leaves, branches and dark areas as you know
i like composition, point of view, lighting, colours, sharpness and details
thanks for sharing

Hello Luciano

Great macro photo with superb POV and DOF,
the excellent light helping for a great focus,
sharpness, and details, the gold color tones
are beautiful, lovely contrast betwen the color tones, TFS


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