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Indian Pond Heron


Indian Pond Heron
Photo Information
Copyright: Subhayan Mandal (shabsslg) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 107 W: 0 N: 127] (913)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2007-11-27
Categories: Birds
Camera: Sony Cybershot DSC-H2, Carl-Zeiss Vario-Tesser 12X Optical Zoom
Exposure: f/4, 1/640 seconds
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2007-11-26 22:07
Viewed: 2664
Points: 4
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
On the banks of Lower Ganga Canal.


Indian Pond Heron
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Indian Pond Heron


In non-breeding plumage in Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
Conservation status

Least Concern
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Aves

Order: Ciconiiformes

Family: Ardeidae

Genus: Ardeola

Species: A. grayii


Binomial name
Ardeola grayii
(Sykes, 1832)
The Indian Pond Heron (Ardeola grayii) is a small heron. It is of Old World origins, breeding in southern Iran and east to India, Myanmar and Sri Lanka.



This is a stocky species with a short neck, short thick bill and buff-brown back. In summer, adults have long neck feathers. Its appearance is transformed in flight, when it looks very white due to the colour of the wings. It is very similar to the Squacco Heron, Ardeola ralloides, but is darker-backed. To the east of its range, it is replaced by the Chinese Pond Heron, Ardeola bacchus.

The Indian Pond Heron's breeding habitat is marshy wetlands in warm countries. They nest in small colonies, often with other wading birds, usually on platforms of sticks in trees or shrubs. 3-5 eggs are laid. These herons feed on insects, fish and amphibians. During the breeding season, there are records of individuals with red legs. The numbers do not suggest that this is the normal change during the breeding season and some have suggested the possibility of it being genetic variants.[1][2][3]

This is a very common species in India, where it is often quite tame and easily approachable. It can often be seen foraging around rubbish heaps on the outskirts of villages, as well as in more natural habitats.

This bird was first described by Colonel W. H. Sykes in 1832 and given its scientific name in honour of John Edward Gray.

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Hi Subhayan,
Very nice shot of this heron. Good informative note.
- Nirmal

Nice shot. The eye is sharply focussed.

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