|Copyright: Georg Isbary (oki)
|Date Taken: 2007-10-28|
|Camera: Sony DSC W7|
|Photo Version: Original Version, Workshop|
|Date Submitted: 2007-12-17 9:47|
|[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note|
|This photo comes from the famous Tiger Hill, with a view to Darjeeling and in the back with Mount Kangchenjunga, 3rd Summit in the world with 8586m. If the view is totally clear you can even see Mt. Everest. |
With such a view, each photographers heart is accelerating and the early morning wake-up at 4 a.m. forgotten.
Kangchenjunga (Nepali:कञ्चनजङ्घा) SewaLungma (Limbu language) is the third highest mountain in the world (after Mount Everest and K2) with an altitude of 8,586 metres (28,169 feet). Kangchenjunga translated means "The Five Treasures of Snows", as it contains five peaks, four of them over 8,450 metres. The treasures represent the five repositories of god, which are gold, silver, gems, grain, and holy books. Kangchenjunga is also called Sewalungma in local Limbu language and considered sacred in Kirant religion. Three of these five peaks (main, central, and south) are on the border of North Sikkim district of Sikkim, India and Taplejung District of Nepal, while the other two are completely in Taplejung District.
Although Kangchenjunga is the official spelling adopted by Douglas Freshfield, A.M. Kellas, and the Royal Geographical Society that gives the best indication of the Tibetan pronunciation, there are a number of alternative spellings which include Kangchen Dz÷-nga, Khangchendzonga, Kanchenjanga, Kachendzonga, Kanchenjunga or Kangchanfanga. The final word on the use of the name Kangchenjunga came from His Highness Sir Tashi Namgyal, the Maharaja or chogyal of Sikkim, who stated that "although junga had no meaning in Tibetan, it really ought to have been Zod-nga (treasure, five) Kang-chen (snow, big) conveyed the meaning correctly". Following consultations with a Lieutenant-Colonel J.L.R. Weir (HMG political agent to Sikkim), he agreed that it was best to leave it as Kangchenjunga, and thus the name remained so by acceptance and usage.
Until 1852, Kangchenjunga was assumed to be the highest mountain in the world, but calculations made by the British Great Trigonometric Survey in 1849 came to the conclusion that Mount Everest was the highest and Kangchenjunga the third-highest. Kangchenjunga was first climbed on May 25, 1955 by Joe Brown and George Band of a British expedition. The British expedition honoured the beliefs of the Sikkimese, who hold the summit sacred, by stopping a few feet short of the actual summit. Most successful summit parties since then have followed this tradition.
The five peaks of Kangchenjunga are as follows:
Name of peak
Kangchenjunga Main 8,586m 28,169ft
Kangchenjunga West (Yalung Kang) 8,505m 27,904ft
Kangchenjunga Central (Middle) 8,482m 27,828ft
Kangchenjunga South 8,494m 27,867ft
Kangbachen 7,903m 25,925ft
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