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Photo Information
Copyright: Manyee Desandies (manyee) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3089 W: 230 N: 6774] (23770)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2008-08-06
Categories: Mammals
Camera: Canon Powershot S3 IS
Details: (Fill) Flash: Yes
Photo Version: Original Version
Travelogue: Bali, Indonesia
Theme(s): Bats - CHIROPTERA [view contributor(s)]
Date Submitted: 2008-11-25 10:06
Viewed: 5477
Points: 24
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
This summer we went to Bali for a wonderful family vacation, and we had a chance to visit their famous bird park. This is one of the creatures I got to meet up close.

My Bali Travelogue

Malaysian Fruit Bat
Cynopterus brachyotis

Physical Description:
Fox-like face, protruding jaw
Short to non-existent tail
Normal to large, dark eyes
Ears are fully enclosed at the base
Hair varies in thickness; generally short and fuzzy; front part of head, outer parts of limbs and wing membrane are generally bald.
Skin is brownish with variation in hue and intensity
Wings are usually dark with spotted patterns
Teeth are generally 34 in number and do not fully close; the back molars are flat and wide and used for crushing soft fruits
Long and agile tongue
Hands have a small claw on the second fingers which are useful in ripping open fruits; this is a distinguishing factor between Fruit and Insectivorous Bats.

Eating Habits:
The fruit bat's taste is much like that of humans; they prefer sweet, aromatic, juicy fruits. Once they find their meal, they will either eat it right off the vine or tree or take elsewhere to enjoy. It is not uncommon for the bat to crush the fruit and simply drink the juices, while leaving the remaining pulp to fall to the ground and rot. Some fruit bats will pollinate flowers, gaining nourishment from the nectar; thus creating a symbiotic relationship. However, many will chew the "meaty" petals right off of the flower, killing the blossom.
Large fruit bats must eat a lot to become sated. These bats have large, expandable stomachs which increase on one side forming a sac-like form. This trait belongs to the fruit bat alone. The insectivorous bats have larger intestinal tracts, instead.

Navigation and Migration:
Bats communicate and navigate using high-frequency sounds. This method is so sophisticated and refined that a bat could detect an object the size of a human hair in total darkness. Bats, being very loyal to their birthplace and hibernation sight, may use this in some way to plot their way from one destination to the other but scientists are unaware of exactly how they find their way back and forth every year. It is thought that certain patterns and landmarks are passed through generations. Bats tend to migrate within a 300 mile range to warmer climates where they hibernate for up to 6 months or more using reserves of stored fat.

Environmental Adaptations and Techniques:
When the weather gets warm, about 37 degrees Celcius, bats simulate the act of perspiring. The fruit bat will lick their breast, stomach, and wings to the point that it would seem they'd been bathing in water. Then, they'll fan one of their wings back and forth to create s breeze against their body. This causes the moisture to evaporate, thus cooling them down.
When the weather gets cold, about 10 degrees Celcius, they'll wrap themselves tightly in their winged membrane, tucking their heads, faces, and any other parts they can manage inside. From that point their warm breath will become a source of heat. In addition, their usual huddling together in large groups creates warmth as well.

Sleep, Dawn and Dusk:
Fruit bats don't hibernate or fall into deep lethargic daytime sleeps like the insectivorous bats. Their sleep tendencies are a bit like many humans. They'll sleep during the daylight hours after a long night's hunt, and they'll sleep hard if they're tired enough. However, if they are alarmed in any way, they won't hesitate to check out what the cause is.
When dusk arrives, the bats will quickly leave their roosting site (the hanging position is beneficial to this). The first task is usually a visit to a nearby watering hole. There they will briefly touch the surface of the water and take off again, drinking as they ascend.
When dawn arrives, the bats will make their way back to their caves, barns or trees. There, they'll noisily fly around for sometimes hours at a time before finally hanging up for the day.


rousettus, nglen, matatur, loot, eqshannon, crs, ramthakur, uleko, marhowie, LiBuMa has marked this note useful
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To rousettus: Thanks for the Critique : )manyee 1 11-25 11:18
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Critiques [Translate]

Hello Manyee,
maybe most of people dont like bats, but they are my dream animals, and I like very much them. especially tropical fruit bats (Pteropodidae). Up to now, I investigated around fourty bat species, but only single species from this family. You are lucky to see it and to capture with a great shot. Great focus and POV. Nicely composed and framed. Thanks for sharing this beauty. best wishes

  • Great 
  • nglen Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 2883 W: 30 N: 9683] (36145)
  • [2008-11-25 11:39]

Hi manyee. Firstly thanks for the interesting notes. which tell us about the large bat. It looks like it has a fur coat around its neck. You have taken this with good detail and natural colours. You were lucky to have seen this. well done TFS.

A fine and sharply depicted capture of a fruit bat displaying typical body contortions Manyee, from a unique POV and with the right amount of DOF. A superb image with quite satisfying notes my friend!

  • Great 
  • loot Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5524 W: 722 N: 4163] (11276)
  • [2008-11-25 17:09]

G'day Mesdames DeSandies

Better to see a "Bat out of a Bird Park" than a "Bat out of hell" (sorry Meatloaf).

This one is quite a "looker" with that lovely pelt around its shoulders. I just can't seem to figure out from what (or how) it is suspended as it is probably not so easy to attach to the vertical branches behind it. A nice clear shot showing good, sharp details of the little mammal. The vertical composition looks great and I like how the twigs actually framed the shot.

Well done MF and TFS.

I suppose in your area they hang out (no pun intended) in the daytime which is pretty cool in one way but would scare me if this was say...Romain..all the legends and such..Well seen..as everyone seems to say. I think the Brits have the rule on Kings English! And all subjectives, nouns and especially adjectives..

You have taken this with good detail and natural colours.

  • Great 
  • Mana Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1772 W: 36 N: 5597] (18598)
  • [2008-11-25 19:01]

Hi Manyee,
Outstanding shot of this graet looking Malayasian Fruit Bat with impeccable sharpness and clarity of details. Superb hanging pose captured and I like those big expressive eyes. Good use of flash lighting with perfect DOF and a well chosen POV. Very nicely composed.

  • Great 
  • crs Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 469 W: 0 N: 922] (3551)
  • [2008-11-25 20:56]

Hello Manyee,

You are showing an interesting animal in your photo. The image is very good as the bat has an interesting pose. The image is shrp showing well the details of head and wings. You have rendered very well the texture of the wings as well as head and part of the body.

Thank you for sharing,

I liked your caption very much, Manyee. Very creative of you in the languages too :)!
The POV in this shot is quite interesting. The face is very clear and sharp but the body is twisted in an abstract sort of way.
A wonderful 'acroBAT' from your summer shoot.
TFS and regards.

  • Great 
  • gannu Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 988 W: 4 N: 3277] (14761)
  • [2008-11-26 3:13]

Hello Manyee, Very nice shot with superb view. good clarity Ganesh

  • Great 
  • uleko Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3396 W: 172 N: 3310] (10940)
  • [2008-11-26 5:07]

Hello Manyee,
Terrific capture of this Fruit Bat in a fine pose. Excellent details and natural colours. I like your composition too.
TFS and best wishes, Ulla

Always great to hang-out with ya ManYee :)
I would love to have a go at this species again..I remember a few years ago, I visited a bat exhibit at Moody Gardens in Galveston, Tx. The "bat-cave" thing.
Too dark when you went inside to get a descent shot..And a glass partition as well.
Anyway, great job. Cool creature feature :)

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