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Southern Caracara

Southern Caracara
Photo Information
Copyright: Bruno Santana (brunorsantana) Silver Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 29 W: 0 N: 70] (238)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2009-03-28
Categories: Birds
Camera: Canon PowerShot S5 IS, 58mm HOYA PRO1 Digital UV
Exposure: f/3.5, 1/101 seconds
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2009-04-11 21:26
Viewed: 14566
Favorites: 1 [view]
Points: 30
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note [Portuguese]
"The Southern Caracara (Caracara plancus), also known as the Southern Crested Caracara, is a bird of prey in the family Falconidae. It formerly included the Northern Caracara (C. cheriway) of southern USA, Central America and northern South America, and the extinct Guadalupe Caracara (C. lutosus) as subspecies. As presently defined, the Southern Caracara is restricted to central and southern South America. As its relatives, it was formerly placed in the genus Polyborus.

It has a total length of 50-65 cm (20-26 in) and a wing-span of c. 120 cm (47 in). Individuals from the colder southern part of its range average larger than those from tropical regions. The cap, belly, thighs, most of the wings and tail-tip are dark brownish, the auriculars, throat and nape are whitish-buff, and the chest, neck, mantle, back, uppertail-coverts, crissum and basal part of the tail are whitish-buff barred dark brownish. In flight, the outer primaries show a large conspicuous whitish-buff patch ('window'), as in several other species of caracaras. The legs are yellow and the bare facial skin and cere are deep yellow to reddish-orange. Juveniles resemble adults, but are paler, with streaking on the chest, neck and back, grey legs, and whitish, later pinkish-purple, facial skin and cere.

It can be separated from the similar Crested Caracara by its more extensive barring to the chest, brownish and often lightly mottled/barred scapulars (all blackish in Crested), and pale lower back with dark barring (uniform blackish in Crested). Individuals showing intermediate features are known from the small area of contact in north-central Brazil, but intergradation between the two species is generally limited.

A bold, opportunistic raptor, often seen walking around on the ground looking for food. Mainly feeds on carcasses of dead animals, but will steal food from other raptors, raid bird nests, and take live prey if the possibility arrives (mostly insects or other small prey, but at least up to the size of a Snowy Egret). It is dominant over the Black Vulture and the Turkey Vulture at carcasses. It is typically solitary, but several individuals may gather at a large food-source (e.g. dumps). Breeding takes place in the Austral spring/summer in the southern part of its range, but timing is less strict in warmer regions. The nest is a large open structure, typically placed on the top of a tree or palm, but sometimes on the ground. Average is two eggs.

The Southern Caracara occurs from Tierra del Fuego in southernmost South America north to the Amazon River region and southern Peru. An isolated population occurs on the Falkland Islands. It avoids the Andean highlands and dense humid forest, such as the Amazon rainforest, where largely restricted to relatively open sections along major rivers. Otherwise, it occurs in virtually any open or semi-open habitat and is often found near humans.

Throughout most of its range, it is common to very common. It is likely to benefit from the widespread deforestation in tropical South America. It is therefore considered to be of Least Concern by BirdLife International.".
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Para ver a nota em português, clique aqui
Modelo de Câmera: Canon PowerShot S5 IS
Velocidade do obturador: 1/101 s
Abertura do Diafragma: F/3,5
Velocidade ISO: ISO-100
Flash: Não
Tripé (Tripod): Não
Data da foto: 28 de março de 2009
Hora: 5:22PM

petrudamsa, nasokoun, Mikolaj, roges, siggi, jaycee, taba, Alex99, Argus has marked this note useful
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ThreadThread Starter Messages Updated
To mesquens: Valeu, mestre!brunorsantana 1 08-28 05:20
To Argus: Muito obrigado, Ivanbrunorsantana 1 05-06 13:11
To manyee: Muito obrigado, Manyee :o)brunorsantana 1 05-06 04:54
To Janice: Hi, Janice!brunorsantana 1 04-28 11:07
To isa: Olá, Isa :o)brunorsantana 1 04-24 15:30
To Alex99: Muito obrigado!brunorsantana 1 04-24 15:06
To taba: Valeu, Taba!brunorsantana 1 04-17 21:39
To jaycee: Muito obrigado, Jane!brunorsantana 1 04-12 16:39
To siggi: Gracias!brunorsantana 1 04-12 15:08
To maurydv: Muito agradecido, Mauriziobrunorsantana 1 04-12 15:04
To Silvio2006: Muito obrigado!brunorsantana 1 04-12 15:00
To roges: Obrigado!brunorsantana 1 04-12 14:57
To Mikolaj: Muito obrigado!brunorsantana 1 04-12 14:47
To nasokoun: Obrigado, Nasos!brunorsantana 1 04-12 14:28
To petrudamsa: Happy Easterbrunorsantana 2 04-11 22:53
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Critiques [Translate]

hi Bruno,

Fine photo, with a very clever DOF use.
by the way, at your avatar I see you with a guitar. Are you a guitar player or a musician? Because I am a musician too :-)

Cheers, Petru

hello Bruno
fine scene with beautiful colours,
beautiful photo
best regards

Ola Bruno! Nice scene. Good POV and capture. Very good sharpness. Saude!

  • Great 
  • roges Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 957 W: 0 N: 1329] (6264)
  • [2009-04-12 2:20]
  • [+]

Ola Bruno !
Feliz Páscoa de todo o teu coração desejar você e sua família!
Obrigado por esta bela foto.
Feliz férias,

Ciao Brunio, splendid couple in great pose, good colors, fine details and excellent sharpness, very well done, Happy Easter, ciao Silvio

Hello Bruno,
a splendid capture of Southern Caracara taken from an excellent low POV with superb sharpness, beautiful colours, i like the lovely pose of the birds on the ground in a nice composition.
Happy Easter

  • Great 
  • siggi Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3097 W: 109 N: 12399] (52850)
  • [2009-04-12 13:43]
  • [+]

Hello Bruno,
Lovely capture.I liked POV,colors,details,simple BG and pose of birds a lot.TFS.Best regards Siggi

  • Great 
  • jaycee Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 2454 W: 10 N: 8044] (25460)
  • [2009-04-12 16:05]
  • [+]

Hi Bruno,

This is the first time I am seeing this Southern Caracara. What a fascinating bird he is with the blue beak and the orange face. The colors are excellent and the details of the head and feathers are wonderful. I love the composition of the pair looking off into the distance.


  • Great 
  • taba Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 466 W: 124 N: 312] (1847)
  • [2009-04-13 8:23]
  • [+]

Olá Bruno

que captura feliz, dois carcarás de uma vez...
O que esta em primeiro plano esta com uma nitidez perfeita, pena que as condições de luz não estivessem favoráveis para uma mmenor abertura do diafragma aumentando a nitidez di segundo, mas isso é detalhe, e de repente é a profundidade dq campo que vc queria..
boas cores, bom momento e ótima nitidez...
abraços amigo;


  • Great 
  • Alex99 Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 4072 W: 133 N: 7096] (23735)
  • [2009-04-18 10:50]
  • [+]

Hi Bruno.
Amazing combination of sharp and blurred fine bird next to each other. I like rich, wonderful and at the same time natural colouration of the scene, nice presentation of the birds, sharpness, details and even state of mood.. My kind regards and compliments.

  • Great 
  • isa Silver Star Critiquer/Silver Note Writer [C: 49 W: 0 N: 34] (252)
  • [2009-04-20 13:56]
  • [+]

Ola Bruno!
Interessante imagem destas aves de rara beleza, não conhecia.
Excelente definição e detalhes, com pormenores de fácil identificação, para os amantes das aves. Muito bem,
A nota explicativa excelente,
Parabéns pelo registo,

Um grande abraço,

Hi Bruno - it looks like it is a mirror image of one bird. Well captured, good focus on the front bird. Nice and clear to see too

  • Great 
  • manyee Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3089 W: 230 N: 6774] (23770)
  • [2009-05-05 22:25]
  • [+]

Hi Bruno,
I love these birds. I think they are so handsome.
A good profile of these two.
Sharp details, good light, great POV.
Do you know why one has a yellow beak, and the other one has a red one?
TFS. : )

  • Great 
  • Argus Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5038 W: 260 N: 15594] (50626)
  • [2009-05-06 6:35]
  • [+]

Olá Bruno,
A superb capture of two Southern Caracaras, the nearest one being sharp and in good focus. The low POV and composition are excellent and show these beautiful raptors in a fine way.
Thanks and best regards,

Boa noite Bruno,
levei uma porção de tempo sem vir por aqui e não tinha me dado conta de sua ótima companhia também aqui no TN.Como de hábito uma rica tomada com essa dupla de gaviões.
Lindo foto,

Calibration Check