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Pararge Aegeria

Pararge Aegeria
Photo Information
Copyright: Georgia Panakia (g_panakia) Silver Star Critiquer/Silver Note Writer [C: 15 W: 0 N: 32] (199)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2009-08-11
Categories: Insects
Camera: Nikon D80
Exposure: f/5.6, 1/800 seconds
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2009-08-30 2:18
Viewed: 3840
Points: 9
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
The Speckled Wood (Pararge aegeria) is a butterfly found in and on the borders of woodland throughout much of Europe. In Northern and Eastern Europe where subspecies P. a. tircis occurs it is brown with pale yellow or cream spots and darker upperwing eyespots. In southwestern Europe the subspecies P. a. aegeria has a colour which is more orange in the background; the hindwing underside eyespots are reddish brown rather than black or dark gray. The two forms gradually intergrade into each other. The speckled wood also occurs in North Africa and on the Atlantic island of Madeira.

Molecular studies suggest that the African and Madeiran populations are closely related and distinct from European populations of both subspecies, suggesting that Madeira was colonized from Africa and that the African population has a long history of isolation from European populations.

Females have brighter and more distinct markings than males. The wingspan of both males and females is 4–4.5 cm, although males tend to be slightly smaller than females. Males are highly territorial and will defend their territory against intruding males. For finding females, there exist 2 basic strategies: Some males will vigorously defend a perch and the immediate surroundings, waiting for females to pass by. Others will patrol a larger territory.

Males have either 3 or 4 upper hindwing eyespots. The fourth spot shows only in flight. It appears that the 4-spotted morph tends towards patrolling behaviour to finds mates. This agrees with the probable function of the eyespots to entice predators like birds to aim for the wing margin (which may be damaged without much affecting the butterfly) rather than the body. On the other hand, habitat is apparently a major factor influencing mate-finding strategy: perching behavior is more common in males of conifer woodland, whereas males of meadows tend towards patrolling behavior.

nikosrio, marianas, anemone, jlinaresp has marked this note useful
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Critiques [Translate]

Γειά σου Γεωργία,
πολύ όμορφη εικόνα απο αυτό το μάλλον σπάνιο είδος, ωραία χρώματα και φώς, πολύ όμορφο φόντο,

Wonderful capture, natural colors, good POV.
Light is great.

Hello Georgia..
Excellent capture and shot.. Lovely and nature colours.. Although used to flashgun, perfect photo.. TFS
Best Regards..

Hi Georgia,

Good picture, best if you used apertures between f/2.8 and f/3.5. Greetings!



  • Great 
  • Graal Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Silver Note Writer [C: 751 W: 31 N: 20] (5100)
  • [2009-09-02 1:20]

Kalimera Georgia,
good shot andpresentation of popular species of butterfly. Good note. I like it.
Gr., Aleksander

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